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Chapter 12 The Age of Jackson

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Chapter 12 The Age of Jackson Let s Review Presidents George Washington John Adams Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe Election of 1824 Who ran – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 12 The Age of Jackson


1
Chapter 12The Age of Jackson
2
Lets Review Presidents
  1. George Washington
  2. John Adams
  3. Thomas Jefferson
  4. James Madison
  5. James Monroe

3
Election of 1824
  • Who ran
  • John Quincy Adams Democratic-Republican
  • William Crawford
  • Henry Clay
  • Andrew Jackson Democratic-Republican
  • Who won
  • Jackson won popular votes BUT
  • John Quincy Adams won the electoral vote so he
    won the election

4
Election of 1824 6th President
  • John Quincy Adams becomes the 6th President of
    the United States
  • He was a Democratic- Republican
  • John Adams son
  • he was disliked by most like his father

5
Election of 1828
  • Jackson claimed to represent the common man
  • Jackson felt a connection with normal, everyday
    common people
  • JQ Adams felt a connection with the wealthy,
    privileged people
  • Jackson Adams were both Democratic-Republicans
    BUT they represented different groups of people.

6
Split Party
  • Since Adams and Jackson represented different
    groups of people, the party split.
  • Adams supporters became known as Republicans
  • Jacksons supporters became known as Democrats

7
Election of 1828 Andrew Jackson
  • Jackson promised to look out for the interests of
    the common people.
  • The idea of spreading political power to all the
    people and ensuring majority rule became known as
    Jacksonian democracy.
  • Jackson began giving jobs to his supporters and
    friends he backed the majority

8
Election of 1828
  • Andrew Jackson won the election of 1828 to become
    the 7th President
  • Jacksons humble background
    and reputation as a war hero
    helped make him
    President.
  • He was the first President
    who wasnt from a rich
    Mass. or Virginia
    family.
  • Thousands of people came to Jacksons
    inauguration, this showed Jacksons popularity.

9
Spoils System
  • Jackson began his Presidency by replacing many
    government jobs officials with his supporters
    and friends. (ordinary citizens)
  • The spoils system became known as the practice of
    giving government
    jobs to political supporters.

10
Indians in America
11
Indians in America
  • Since 1600, white settlers had pushed Native
    Americans westward as they took more and more of
    their land.
  • By the 1820s, about 100,000 Native Americans
    remained east of the Mississippi River.
  • Andrew Jackson had long supported
    a policy of moving Native Americans
    west of the Mississippi
    River

12
Indian Removal Act
  • Jackson believed the government had the right to
    regulate where Native Americans could live.
  • Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act
  • This required Native
    Americans to move west.

13
Map of Indian Removal Act
Mississippi River
14
Indian Territory
  • As whites invaded Indian homelands, many Native
    Americans began signing treaties exchanging their
    land for land in the West.
  • Worcester v. Georgia supreme court decision
    that forced Indians to move west.
  • Indian Territory Parts of Oklahoma Native
    American Indians were forced to move to by Andrew
    Jackson and the Supreme Court.

15
Map of Indian Removal Act
Indian Territory
16
Trail of Tears
  • Many Cherokees refused to move West. Jackson made
    soldiers force Cherokees into camps and made them
    set out on a long, hard journey to Indian
    Territory.
  • ¼ of the Indians on the journey died.
  • Trail of Tears The journey of Cherokee Indians
    being forced off their homeland to Indian
    Territory

17
Trail of Tears
18
Was Jackson right?
  • People with racial hatred in their hearts in
    power always think Law and Justice is on their
    side.
  • President Andrew Jackson did not have the law on
    his side when he marched 4,000 Cherokee to their
    deaths on the Trail of Tears.
  •  "JOHN MARSHALL HAS MADE HIS LAW NOW LET HIM
    ENFORCE IT", Andrew Jackson to the Supreme Court
    when ordered to leave the Cherokee alone.

19
Jackson and the Indians
  • Andrew Jackson had the greatest impact on the
    Indians of all Presidents before
  • and after him

20
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21
Tariffs
  • Many lands had been acquired by time Andrew
    Jackson became President.
  • Tariffs taxes on imported goods became an
    issue
  • Revenue tariff used to raise money, like sales
    tax. These taxes are usually low.
  • Protective tariff to persuade people to buy
    goods in their own country instead of purchasing
    foreign-made products. These are high taxes that
    protect American companies.

22
Protective tariff vs. no tariff
2.50 to produce in Britain
1.00 profit
4.90
3.50


Tariff 40


3.00 to produce in the U.S.
1.00 profit
4.00
4.00



Cheaper for products made in the U.S.
encourages people to buy American products
23
Tariffs
  • Northerners supported high tariffs because the
    American manufacturers sell their products at a
    lower price than imported goods.
  • Factories manufacturers were in the North
  • The South did not support high tariffs because
    its economy depended on foreign trade.
  • They needed foreign products

24
Tariff of Abominations
  • Tariff of Abominations a law passed that raised
    the tariffs on raw materials and manufactured
    goods.
  • Southerners were outraged
  • They had to sell their cotton at low prices
  • The state of South Carolina threatened to secede,
    or leave the Union (United States), because of
    the Tariff of Abominations.
  • They were upset bad for the economy

25
Doctrine of Nullification
  • John Calhoun did not want S. Carolina to leave
    the Union so he passed the Doctrine of
    Nullification -
  • This said a state had a right to nullify, or
    reject, a federal law that it considers
    unconstitutional
  • Calhoun believed Congress had no right to pass a
    tariff that helped only 1 section of the country

26
Secession
  • Secession withdrawal from the Union
  • South Carolina threatened to withdraw (or leave)
    the United States of America if the federal
    government tried to collect the tariffs.
  • WHY? S. Carolina believed the tariffs were too
    high.

27
Second Bank of the U.S.
  • Founded in 1816, the Second Bank of the U.S. was
    opposed by Jackson. He vetoed a bill set to renew
    the charter of the bank in 1832, and Congress
    could not get the needed votes to override it.

28
Interpret this cartoon
  • Which of the following best
  • describes the artists attitude about
  • Jackson?
  • Jackson should be King.
  • Jackson is a strong leader.
  • Jackson has vetoed too many bills.
  • Jackson is behaving more like a king than an
    elected leader.

29
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30
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31
Assassination attempt
32
Election of 1836
  • Jackson served 2 terms was very popular
  • Jacksons vice-president, Martin Van Buren became
    the 8th President of the U.S.
  • A few months after Van Buren
    took office a panic (fear) about
    the economy spread.
  • Panic of 1837 - a widespread
    fear about the state of the economy

33
Depression
  • People took their paper money to the banks and
    demand gold or silver.
  • The banks could not pay the people
  • The banks went bankrupt.
  • Depression severe economic slump

34
President Review
  1. George Washington
  2. John Adams
  3. Thomas Jefferson
  4. James Madison
  5. James Monroe
  6. John Quincy Adams
  7. Andrew Jackson
  8. Martin Van Buren

35
Election of 1840
  • Henry Clay and Daniel Webster argued that the
    government needed to help the economy
  • Van Buren disagreed would not help
  • Many Americans blamed Martin Van Buren for the
    Panic
  • Clay, Webster, and Jackson opponents formed the
    Whig Party for the election of 1840

36
Election of 1840
  • The Whig Party was named after a British Party
    they did not support A. Jackson
  • The Whigs opposed all the power the chief
    executive (the President) has
  • The Whigs chose William Henry
    Harrison for President and
    John Tyler for Vice President
  • Harrison was a war hero

37
Harrison dies in office
  • William Henry Harrison became the 9th President
    of the United States
  • Died of pneumonia one month after being
    inaugurated
  • John Tyler, Harrisons Vice President, took
    Harrisons place after he died becoming the
    10th President of the United States.

38
Lets Review Presidents
  1. George Washington
  2. John Adams
  3. Thomas Jefferson
  4. James Madison
  5. James Monroe
  6. John Quincy Adams
  7. Andrew Jackson
  8. Martin Van Buren
  9. William Henry Harrison
  10. John Tyler
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