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Chapter 3 Classification

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classification: mammal bird reptile amphibian fish Small (grasses) Medium (shrubs) Large (trees) Air Land Sea 350 B.C. 1750 Grouped living things into kingdoms ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 3 Classification


1
Chapter 3 Classification
classification
Taxonomy - the study of ________
2
Why classify things?
Organize
Categorize
Order
3
(No Transcript)
4
No
Yes
5

Invertebrate
Vertebrate
mammal
bird
reptile
amphibian
fish
6
History of Classification
Small (grasses)
Aristotle
Plants
Medium (shrubs)
Large (trees)
Animals
350 B.C.
Air
Land
Sea
7
Linneaus
1750
  • Grouped living things into kingdoms
  • Grouped things by their physical traits
  • Gave all living things a two-part namebinomial
    nomenclature.
  • two-term name

Plant kingdom
Animal kingdom
8
Pennsylvania
USA
Holland
2002 Rock Way
9
Each KINGDOM is further classified into more
specific groups, much like addresses are
organized into smaller categories.
Kingdom Country
Phylum State
Class County
Order Town
Family Neighborhood
Genus Street
Species House Number
10
KINGDOM
PHYLUM
CLASS
ORDER
FAMILY
GENUS
SPECIES
11
Human Classification
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Spec
ies
Animal
Multi-cellular consumers
Chordate
backbone
Mammal
Milk-producing hairy
Opposable digits, Bipedal Stereoscopic vision
Primate
Hominid
Bigger brain, tool making,
Homo
wise man
sapien
12
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
Animal Chordate Mammal Primate Hominid Pan troglodytes
13
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
Animal Chordate Mammal carnivore Felidae Pantera leo
14
Research the following
Sunflower Wolf African Elephant Bullfrog Dog Mushroom
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
15
Similarities in structure and DNA
Humans and chimpanzees DNA are 98 similar
All are mammals
16
Scientific name
Is an animals Genus (Evereadii) and its species
(eatibus)
17
Binomial Nomenclature
A two-part naming system
Homo sapien
Common name Human
Common name Dog
Canis familiaris
Pantera tigris
Common name Tiger
Elephas maximus
Common name Elephant
18
The 5 kingdom system
ANIMAL
PLANT
FUNGUS
BACTERIA
PROTIST
19
Animal Kingdom
multi-cellular
cells have a nucleus
Eukaryotic
consumers
mobility
20
Plant Kingdom
producers
multicellular
cells have a nucleus
Eukaryotic
cell wall
  • made of cellulose

21
Fungus Kingdom
  • Except for YEAST which is unicellular

multicellular
cells have a nucleus
Eukaryotic
Feeds by absorbing its surroundings
  • Decomposer

cell wall
  • made of chitin

22
Monera Kingdom (Bacteria)
unicellular
No nucleus
Prokaryotic
producer and consumer
cell wall
  • made of peptidoglycan

23
Protist Kingdom
  • some algae are multicellular

most are unicellular
Producer
(Plant-like)
or
Consumer
(Animal-like)
cells have a nucleus
Eukaryotic
mobility
24
Dichotomous key
A tool used to determine the identity of an
organism
  • a. Wings covered by a hard covering
    (exoskeleton).go to 2
  • b. Wings not covered by exoskeleton.go to 3
  • a. Body is round shape
  • b. Body is elongated

Lady bug
Grasshopper
Housefly
  • a. Wings point toward the back
  • b. Wings point toward the sides..

Go to 4
  • a. Wings are large and broad.
  • b. Wings are long and thin...

Butterfly
Dragonfly
25
Questions
What traits were used by Aristotle to classify
animals? Why is this considered a poor method by
todays standards? Name the major classification
groups, from largest to smallest? What is
binomial nomenclature? Why is it used (i.e. why
use Latin names?) What are the five kingdoms? Are
humans more closely related to a mouse or a
chicken? Explain. List two ways how plants and
animals are different and similar. What
characteristic is exclusive to bacteria? If you
discovered an organism with a cell wall, which
kingdom would you know it does NOT belong to? If
you discovered animal that closely resembled a
human, what Class and Order would it likely
belong? Which is the largest group? Order,
Genus, or Family.
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