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Judging 101

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Title: Judging 101


1
Judging 101
  • A Speech and Debate survival guide for everyone

2
Why Judge?
  • Without judges, there are no tournaments!
  • Each school is required to provide judges in
    order for their students to compete.
  • The number of judges each school is required to
    bring is directly related to the number of
    students and the events in which they are entered.

3
As a judge, what should I bring to a tournament?
  • Your favorite pen
  • If you are judging debate events, it is helpful
    to have 2 different colors of ink.
  • Paper or legal pads
  • It is especially helpful for judges of debate
    events.
  • A digital timer
  • A watch with a second-hand is NOT acceptable.
  • Reading material or business work
  • Most judges usually have at least 1 round off.
  • A copy of the judge manual
  • This can come in handy for questions during
    rounds.

4
Guidelines For All Judges
  • DO
  • Attend all judge calls to receive judging
    assignments.
  • Report to the assigned room on-time.
  • Ask students to turn off all electronic devices.
    Make sure you have turned yours off as well!

5
Guidelines For All Judges
  • DO
  • Take careful notes of each speech.
  • Keep time on all presentations and provide time
    signals to the contestants if you have a digital
    timer.
  • Complete the ballot(s) with as many substantive
    comments as possible.

6
Guidelines For All Judges
  • DO
  • Use a pen and press down hard on debate ballots
    with multiple copies.
  • Provide a clear reason for each of your
    ranking/win-loss decisions.
  • Complete the master ballot for speech events
    properly.
  • Turn in your ballot(s) promptly after the rounds
    conclusion.

7
Guidelines For All Judges
  • DO NOT
  • Judge any round in which a student from the
    school you represent is competing (except Student
    Congress).
  • Switch ballots with other judges or take other
    judges assignments.
  • Allow anyone to video tape, audio tape, or
    photograph any round.

8
Guidelines For All Judges
  • DO NOT
  • Allow students to keep time for you.
  • Ask students for a copy of their scripts or
    orations.
  • Ask students what school they are from.
  • Discuss the students you judged, or your
    ranking/decision, with other judges.

9
Guidelines For All Judges
  • DO NOT
  • Penalize speakers for their attire. You can,
    however, penalize a student for attire that is
    distracting to his/her performance.
  • Allow interruptions once a speaker or performance
    begins.

10
Guidelines For All Judges
  • DO NOT
  • Confer with other judges. Each judge should make
    his/her decision independently.
  • Observe student performances when you have a
    round off, as you may be asked to judge those
    students in a future round.

11
Disclosure/Critiques
  • It is NOT permissible to talk to students after a
    round about how you voted/ranked their
    performances.
  • Please keep all ranking decisions to yourself.
  • If you have a comment or question about a
    performance, please direct it to your schools
    coach or a tournament official.

12
Event Distinctions
  • Debate
  • Lincoln Douglas, Team/Policy Debate, and Public
    Forum
  • You are determining a win and a loss in the
    round.
  • Individual Events
  • Original Oratory, Declamation, Extemporaneous
    Speaking, Oral Interpretation, Duo
    Interpretation, Dramatic Performance
  • IE competitors are ranked from 1 to 6 in the
    room.
  • Student Congress
  • Each student to give a speech receives points
    from 6 to 1 (zero if less than 60 seconds)
  • Then students are put in order from 1-6 for best
    legislator
  • Unlike IE, 6 is the highest value on the
    individual speaker sheet.

13
Lincoln Douglas Debate
  • Lincoln-Douglas debate is a two-person format
    where the affirmative supports the resolution and
    the negative attacks it.
  • The resolution, which changes every two months,
    is always a question of value.
  • The debaters will try to show why their position
    supports the more important, fundamental
    principles inherent in their position and why
    that position is superior to the opponents.

14
Lincoln Douglas Debate
  • The debaters will construct their cases using
    logic, theory, and philosophy.
  • Arguments are to be substantiated by analysis,
    testimony, comparison and contrast, analogy,
    example, and/or factual data.
  • The most important requirement for a debaters
    delivery is that you are able to understand them
    and write down their arguments.
  • If the arguments do not make sense to you, be
    sure to comment on that problem on the ballot.

15
Lincoln Douglas Debate
  • A balance between relevant content and persuasive
    delivery is optimal.
  • Judges ought to put aside their own attitudes and
    preferences where the issues in the round are
    concerned.
  • The judges purpose is to decide who has done the
    better job of debating, and not to decide which
    side is the correct one.

16
Lincoln Douglas Debate
  • Judges should write comments to the debaters on
    the ballot.
  • Debaters want to know what didnt work, what the
    judge didnt buy as an argument or strategy, and
    how they can improve.
  • Comments on delivery problems that affected the
    judges ability to comprehend the arguments are
    always helpful.
  • Judges should always give a Reason For Decision
    outlining arguments which you felt were the
    important ones in the round and who you think won
    them.

17
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18
Public Forum Debate
  • Public Forum values persuasion as much as it
    values argumentation and reasoning.
  • The topic is a current event and changes monthly.
  • The pro team must uphold the resolution, and the
    con team must negate the resolution.

19
Public Forum Debate
  • Judges should look for clear, well-structured
    cases that use logical arguments and evidence as
    support.
  • Judges should expect to see clash, meaning the
    debaters refute their opponents arguments,
    showing why they are flawed or insufficient.

20
Public Forum Debate
  • Delivery is an important part of this event.
  • Debaters should be fluent, articulate, free of
    slang and jargon, have good vocal variety and
    good eye contact with the judge.
  • Argumentation should be organized and vigorous
    but civil.
  • Teams should not be obnoxious, rude or loud.

21
Public Forum Debate
  • You must decide which team was most persuasive in
    the debate.
  • Judges should do their best to be objective about
    the issues, setting aside their own opinions and
    attitudes.
  • The judges job is to determine which team did
    the better job of debating, not which side is
    right and which side is wrong.

22
Public Forum Debate
  • The ballots should explain your reason for
    decision, which should include which arguments
    were most persuasive.
  • Suggestions for improvement in delivery are also
    helpful.

23
Public Forum Debate
  • For PBCFL tournaments, the sides are set prior to
    the students entering the rounds.
  • In National Competition (NFL) ONLY, a coin toss
    will determine the organization of the round.
  • Generally one team will flip and the other will
    call.
  • The coin toss must be witnessed by the judge(s)
    assigned to the round.

24
Public Forum Debate
  • The team that wins the coin toss shall select
    EITHER
  • 1. Which side of the topic they wish to uphold
    (Pro or Con)
  • OR
  • 2. Which speech they would like to give (First or
    Last)
  • The team which lost the coin toss will select
    from the remaining option.

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26
Student Congress
  • Contestants in Student Congress become
    legislators charged with the task of fulfilling
    the responsibilities of the legislative branch of
    the federal government.
  • Prior to the tournament students receive the
    topics and research those areas to prepare
    speeches.

27
Student Congress
  • Each Congress session is approximately 2 1/2
    hours.
  • The session is run by a student Presiding
    Officer.
  • The POs job includes
  • Recognizing speakers
  • Conducting vote
  • Keeping order

28
Student Congress
  • At all tournaments, you will be given lots of
    copies of a Speaker Ballot.
  • All speeches are a maximum of 3 minutes in
    length. Each speech has a required
    cross-examination period, where other student
    legislators question the speaker.
  • Each time a student is recognized for the purpose
    of making a speech, you should complete a ballot.

29
Student Congress
  • Fill out all identification information on the
    ballot.
  • Write comments telling the speaker what you
    thought of delivery and content.
  • Assign a score on a scale of 1 (very poor) to 6
    (excellent).

30
Student Congress
  • Unlike other speech events, you will give the
    same number to several different speakers.
  • It is always a good idea to save the score of 6
    for truly outstanding speeches.
  • Likewise, scores of 3 or below should be reserved
    for short, poorly delivered, or inappropriate
    commentary.
  • If a speech is less than one minute, it gets a
    score of 0.

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32
Student Congress
  • When you receive your judge packet, you will also
    receive a Master Ballot, a grid on which to
    record scores.
  • Circle the score (6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0) you
    entered on the speakers individual ballot for
    that speech.
  • When the session is done, add up the total points
    and enter that in the right side column.

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34
Student Congress
  • You may also be asked to judge the Presiding
    Officer.
  • This person is referred to as the Parliamentarian
  • At most tournaments, the Presiding Officers
    score will be based on a maximum of 12 points.
  • In these cases, total scores below 8 should be
    reserved for extreme circumstances.

35
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36
Student Congress
  • Your other major responsibility during the
    session is to note how well each legislator
    performs with respect to
  • Participation in questioning periods
  • Level of involvement in parliamentary disputes
  • Interaction with other legislators
  • Decorum
  • Behavior
  • Attendance

37
Student Congress
  • You will be asked to select a designated number
    of students as the Best Legislators in the
    session.
  • Look for students who were excellent speakers and
    excellent legislators (may include PO).
  • A tournament official will tell you how many
    legislators to select.

38
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39
Extemporaneous Speaking
  • Students are given 30 minutes of preparation time
    to deliver a 7 minute speech that answers a
    question about a topic of public interest, almost
    always pertaining to current events.
  • Only the judge and one contestant at a time will
    be present in the room.
  • The first speaker will arrive when his/her 30
    minutes have elapsed.
  • Each subsequent speaker will come into the room
    at approximately 7 minute intervals.

40
Extemporaneous Speaking
  • Each speaker should hand the question to the
    judge when he/she enters the room.
  • Speaker should be judged on
  • Content organization
  • Valid and varied evidence
  • Effective delivery

41
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43
Original Oratory
  • Oratory is a speech of up to 10 minutes that must
    be
  • composed by the student delivering it
  • memorized
  • The purpose of the oration should be to inform
    and/or persuade.
  • The topic should be interesting, stimulating, and
    of some importance.

44
Original Oratory
  • Speakers must not be penalized for expressing
    views with which the judge happens to disagree.
  • The Speech should be organized for easy
    understanding.
  • Content should be developed with varied support
    and effective language.
  • Vocal and physical delivery should enhance the
    content.

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47
Oratorical Declamation
  • In Declamation, students present a memorized
    speech that must have been actually delivered in
    real life.
  • Selections may include, but are not limited to
  • professional speeches
  • public orations
  • Eulogies
  • sermons, etc.

48
Oratorical Declamation
  • The introduction must
  • name the work and author
  • provide necessary background information
  • establish the mood
  • Judging should be based on effectiveness of
  • Presentation style
  • Vocal delivery
  • Physical delivery
  • Ability to interpret and convey speechs original
    message

49
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51
Oral Interpretation
  • An interpreter delivers either 10 minutes of
    prose or poetry selections while holding a
    script.
  • Students must prepare separate prose and poetry
    selections, which they will perform in
    alternating rounds.
  • In any given round, a judge will hear either all
    poetry or all prose.
  • Each piece must include an introduction stating
    author(s) and title(s).

52
Oral Interpretation
  • The selection should be literature, either as
  • A single piece
  • A cutting
  • A series of short pieces united by theme or
    author
  • A balance between eye contact and reading is
    required.
  • Feet must remain firmly planted in one place.

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55
Duo Interpretation
  • Challenges two students to produce a 10 minute
    believable scene without the use of costuming or
    props.
  • The material may be humorous or dramatic or may
    combine both tones.
  • The selection must be memorized no scripts are
    to be used.

56
Duo Interpretation
  • An introduction must be provided that names the
    work and author.
  • The only time students may look at one another or
    touch one another is during the introduction.
  • Movement is limited.
  • Performers should convince you that they are the
    characters and that their scenes surroundings
    are real.

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59
Dramatic Performance
  • Student performs a memorized, 10 minute cutting,
    dramatic, humorous, or both, from a published
    piece of literature for the purpose of creating a
    compelling scene
  • The student may portray one or more characters
  • The student may not use props or costumes

60
Dramatic Performance
  • The story should be complete and easy to follow
  • Vocal and physical delivery should enhance
    development of the character/scene
  • Student must provide an introduction in which
    he/she states the title and author of the
    selection
  • Students should use focal points, except during
    the introduction and when portraying characters
    who address the audience directly

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63
Judging Grid
64
Thank You
  • We appreciate EVERYTHING you do for our teams!
  • Remember, without you, none of this would be
    possible!
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