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Five fundament themes of Geography

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Five fundament themes of Geography Anoka Public Schools Workshop Jan 6&7 Minnesota Historical Society David A Lanegran Macalester College Five Fundament Themes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Five fundament themes of Geography


1
Five fundament themes of Geography
  • Anoka Public Schools Workshop Jan 67
  • Minnesota Historical Society
  • David A Lanegran
  • Macalester College

2
Five Fundament Themes
  • Location
  • Place
  • Human environmental interaction
  • Spatial interactions ( movement or connections
    among places )
  • Regional concept

3
Location how do we know where we are?
  • determined by angles or directions
  • separation or distance

4
Three types of systems
  • Egocentric self-centered
  • Domicentric - centered on home or safe place -
    uses landmarks
  • Conventional - Based on celestial landmarks

5
Egocentric directions
  • Toward the pull of gravity UP AND DOWN
  • Visible or invisible FRONT AND BACK
  • Laterality of brain LEFT AND RIGHT

6
Egocentric distance
  • Personal space cultural specific
  • Intimate distance an embrace up to 18
  • Personal distance the length of an arm with a
    sword up to 6 the space for most conversation
  • Social distance 6-12 the distance for most
    social interaction
  • Public distance 12- 25

7
Relative location
  • measured in a variety of ways to show
  • ease of connection
  • degree of separation
  • importance

8
Absolution location
  • mathematical location in earths grid
  • Need because humans traveled into areas without
    terrestrial landmarks
  • Navigation - finding location or way finding at
    sea

9
Absolute location
  • Creation of world map long goal of societies
  • Europeans first to create an accurate map of the
    world
  • Depended on concepts of mathematical grid
  • Latitude Elevation of polar star
  • Longitude need for clock to keep accurate time
    at sea

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carver
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Place Human and Physical Characteristics
  • PLACES have character that consists of both
    human and physical elements
  • PLACES have meaning
  • Geographers study places

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Human Environment interaction
  • Human impact on environment
  • Environment presents range of possibilities for
    humans
  • Culture acts a lens magnifying or reducing the
    impacts in different times and places

26
Humans change environment
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Human move and invent new plants
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Spatial interaction
  • This has been simplified by NGS to movement
  • Focus in on connections among places.

34
Circulation systems
  • Circulation means transportation and
    communication
  • Concept includes invisible as well as landscape
  • Focus on cultural landscapes of movement
  • Forces in market other opportunities or
    developments

35
The analogy of the bicycle
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Aggregate news flow 1993 USENET pre - WWW
42
The switch from network to surface
43
Who are we talking to and what are we talking
about?
44
Regional concept
  • Regionalization is the process of classifying
    places
  • Regions are mental constructs
  • The boundary problem
  • Boundaries are meaningful breaks in a gradient
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