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Geography Part 1

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Geography Part 1 Geography is the study of the Earth, its physical features, and the people and creatures who live on it. Just as you affect the environment, the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography Part 1


1

Geography Part 1
2
  • Geography is the study of the Earth, its physical
    features, and the people and creatures who live
    on it.

3
  • Just as you affect the environment, the
    environment affects where you live, what you do,
    where you go, and what you see.

4
The Five Themes of Geography
  • Geographers use the Five Themes of Geography to
    learn more about how people use the land.
  • The Five Themes are
  • Location
  • Place
  • Human-Environment Relationships
  • Movement
  • Region

5
Location
  • Relative location is using landmarks or street
    names to explain where you are located.
  • Example next door to the bank or Addresses like
    301 Pony Drive, Grapevine, Texas
  • Absolute location is when geographers use the
    exact location of a place on the earths surface.
  • Example latitude and longitude

6
Place
  • Place is made up of the Physical Environment
    or the surroundings and conditions in which
    something exists
  • How do Climate, vegetation, and landforms
    combine with human features in the environment.
  • Example how would you describe the place or
    environment around you?

7
Human-Environment Relationships
  • How has man changed the environment to meet
    his needs and how man has adapted to the
    environment?
  • Examples leveling forests, damming rivers
    pollution, people living in igloos or pueblo
    homes

8
Movement
  • How people and products move around the earth,
    and how we communicate with each other.
  • Examples- Moving to another country or
    state, shipping products from one state to
    another, email

9
Region
  • The world is divided into different geographic
    regions based on what they have in common and how
    they are different.
  • Regions can be divided based on geographic,
    physical, political or cultural features.
  • - Example include the 4 Natural Regions of Texas
    and Texas is a state that is part of the United
    States.

10
  • Latitude, Longitude, and Absolute Location
  • Latitude
  • -Runs East and West across the earth

11
Equator
  • Latitude has the Equator- a line that goes East
    and West at O degrees. Across the middle of the
    earth

12
  • Longitude
  • -Runs North and South across the earth

13
Prime Meridian
  • Longitude has the Prime Meridian- a line that
    goes North and South at O degrees.

14
Hemispheres
  • The Equator and the Prime Meridian divide the
    earth into hemispheres.
  • The area north of the Equator is the Northern
    Hemisphere. The area south of the Equator is the
    Southern Hemisphere.

15
  • The area East of the Prime Meridian is the
    Eastern Hemisphere. The area West of the Prime
    Meridian is the Western Hemisphere
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