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The Five paragraph essay

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Title: The Five paragraph essay Author: Jen Last modified by: Teacher Created Date: 9/14/2012 1:26:53 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Five paragraph essay


1
The Five paragraph essay
2
Dos
  • Indent every paragraph
  • Write in complete sentences
  • Stay on topic
  • When you have finished, go over what you have
    written

3
Donts
  • Do NOT use words like probably or kind of
  • Do NOT start off a body paragraph with a quote
  • Do NOT flat out state In this paper I will or
    This paper is about

4
The Format
  • Introduction
  • Body Paragraph 1
  • Body Paragraph 2
  • Body Paragraph 3
  • Conclusion

5
THE INTRODUCTION
  • Consists of
  • The Hook
  • General topic sentences (2 or 3) which are more
    specific than the hook
  • A thesis statement including three supporting
    ideas, all written in parallel structure

6
THE INTRODUCTIONimportant definitions
  • Hook An opening sentence or two that grabs the
    readers interest and introduces the general
    topic of the essay
  • Examples
  • Historical information
  • An anecdote
  • A surprising statement
  • A declarative statement
  • A quote

7
THE INTRODUCTIONimportant definitions
  • Hook An opening sentence or two that grabs the
    readers interest and introduces the general
    topic of the essay
  • Examples
  • Historical information
  • An anecdote
  • A surprising statement
  • A declarative statement
  • A quote

8
THE INTRODUCTIONthe hook
  • HISTORICAL INFORMATION Some topics are better
    understood if a brief historical review of the
    topic is presented to lead into the discussion of
    the moment
  • Make sure its factual
  • Keep it brief

9
Example of hook with Historical Information
  • If I wanted to write an informative essay on cool
    skateboarding tricks
  • In the spring of 1975, skateboarding took an
    evolutionary boost toward the sport that we see
    today. In Del Mar, California a slalom and
    freestyle contest was held at the Ocean Festival.
    That day, the Zephyr team showed the world what
    skateboarding could be. They rode their boards
    like no one had in the public eye, low and
    smooth, and skateboarding was taken from being a
    hobby to a serious, exciting sport.
  • TAKEN FROM http//skateboard.about.com/cs/board
    science/a/brief_history.htm

10
THE INTRODUCTIONthe hook
  • ANECDOTE An interesting little story
  • Include sights, sounds, smells and other sensory
    images
  • Keep it brief

11
Example of hook with Anecdote
  • If I wanted to write an informative article on
    auctions
  • Mike Cantlon remembers coming across his first
    auction ten years ago while cruising the back
    roads of Wisconsin. He parked his car and
    wandered into the crowd, toward the auctioneer's
    singsong chant and wafting smell of barbecued
    sandwiches. Hours later, Cantlon emerged lugging
    a 22 beam drill-for constructing post-and-beam
    barnsand a passion for auctions that has clung
    like a cocklebur on an old saddle blanket. "It's
    an addiction," says Cantlon, a financial planner
    and one of the growing number of auction fanatics
    for whom Saturdays will never be the same.
  • TAKEN FROM http//grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar
    /intros.htm

12
THE INTRODUCTIONthe hook
  • A SUPRISING STATEMENT There are many ways a
    statement can surprise a reader. Sometimes the
    statement is surprising because it is disgusting.
    Sometimes it is joyful. Sometimes it is shocking.
    Sometimes it is surprising because of who said
    it.
  • Take care to explain how the statement relates to
    your topic
  • Description is great, over- exaggeration is not
  • Make sure that the statement is relevant, not
    just shocking

13
Example of hook with a Surprising
Statement
  • If I wanted to inform parents of ways to protect
    their children and prevent accidents
  • Have a minute? Good. Because that may be all it
    takes to save the life of a childyour child.
    Accidents kill nearly 8,000 children under age 15
    each year. And for every fatality, 42 more
    children are admitted to hospitals for treatment.
    Yet such deaths and injuries can be avoided
    through these easy steps parents can take right
    now. You don't have a minute to lose.
  • TAKEN FROM http//grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/gramma
    r/intros.htm

14
THE INTRODUCTIONthe hook
  • A DECLARITIVE STATEMENT In this pattern, the
    writer simply states straight out what the topic
    of his paper is going to be about. It is the
    technique that most student writers use with only
    modest success most of the time, but good
    professional writers use it too.
  • Dont give too much information
  • Dont write, In this essay
  • Dont write, Im going to tell you about

15
Example of hook with Declarative Statement
  • If I wanted to explain why people should consider
    attending a free concert in a public park
  • If you attend a concert in a city park, chances
    are youre less interested in the performance
    than in the whole package, in which the music,
    the weather, the general gregariousness and the
    spirit of the moment become inseparable.
  • TAKEN FROM http//www.nytimes.com/2006/07/13/arts
    /music/13squa.html

16
THE INTRODUCTIONthe hook
  • A QUOTE When a writer uses the words of another
    to help illustrate a point
  • Your quote should be unusual, funny, or obscure
  • Dont choose a long quote
  • Your quote should have a meaning you plan to
    reveal to the reader as the essay progresses
  • Remember to put opening and closing quotation
    marks around your quote
  • Include who said or wrote your quote

17
Example of hook with a Quote
  • If I wanted to write an informative essay on how
    to recover from making a mistake
  • "You must never feel badly about making
    mistakes," explained Reason quietly, "as long as
    you take the trouble to learn from them.
    -Norton Juster, The Phantom Tollbooth

18
NEXT
  • The
  • GENERAL TOPIC SENTENCES
  • after the hook

19
General Topic SentencesWhy do we need them?
  • They keep the reader focused on the point of the
    essay
  • They serve as a transition between the hook and
    the thesis statement

20
General Topic Sentences
  • "You must never feel badly about making
    mistakes," explained Reason quietly, "as long as
    you take the trouble to learn from them. This
    quote, from Norton Juster, raises a fair
    argument. Mistakes are not something to be
    embarrassed about they can be incredibly helpful
    in the long run if you take the time to learn
    from them.

21
Thesis Statement
  • Contains the focus of your essay
  • Tells the readers what the essay is going to be
    about
  • Should be written towards the end of the
    introductory paragraph

22
The Body Paragraphs
  • Each paragraph will have
  • a reason, idea or example that supports your
    thesis
  • A clear topic sentence
  • As much discussion and/or explanation as is
    necessary to explain the point
  • Transitions One example of, Furthermore, or
    Another reason why
  • Use details and specific examples to strengthen
    your argument

23
Conclusion
  • Begin with a restatement of the thesis
  • The reverse of the introduction- start out very
    specific and become a bit more general as you
    finish
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