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What group had great faith in the ongoing progress of society and thought government could solve social problems?

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Title: Colonies & American Revolution Author: Krister Swanson Last modified by: Krister Swanson Created Date: 5/22/2000 5:49:47 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What group had great faith in the ongoing progress of society and thought government could solve social problems?


1
What group had great faith in the ongoing
progress of society and thought government could
solve social problems?
  • the progressives

2
Name a law that progressives passed to help
purify food.
  • Pure Food Drug Act, Meat Inspection Act

3
Name a measure taken by progressives to take the
corruption out of govt.
  • commission system, direct primaries, referendums
    initiatives

4
What did Progressives do to try to help children?
  • Created the Childrens Bureau, improved schools
    and regulated child labor.

5
What did Progressives do by passing the 16th
Amendment?
  • Created the income tax

6
What two progressive causes were most important
to President Theodore Roosevelt?
  • Regulating monopolies (trustbusting) and
    conserving the environment.

7
What law did he use to bust the trusts?
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

8
What organization was formed by WEB DuBois in the
early 1900s to try and improve conditions for
African-Americans?
  • NAACP

9
What was the result of the passage of the 19th
Amendment in 1920?
  • Women got the right to vote

10
Why was there a surplus in farm products during
the 1920s?
  • overproduction from WWI

11
Name the two events that helped pull the U.S.
into the war.
  • Lusitania Zimmerman Telegram

12
What two laws passed during World War I curtailed
civil rights and sought to punish enemy spies?
  • Sedition Act (prevented speaking out against the
    war) the Espionage Act (spy and die!)

13
What was Wilsons Plan for Peace called? What was
the most critical component of this plan?
  • 14 Points, the League of Nations

14
What was the major population shift from rural
areas, especially the South, to urban areas
involved in wartime production?
  • Great Migration (many African Americans moved
    North)

15
Name two key conditions of the Treaty of
Versailles at the end of World War I.
  • Germany responsible for WWI, pay big reparations,
    League of Nations

16
What policies offered by Republican presidents
Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover appealed to many
Americans during the 1920s?
  • pro business, isolationist foreign policy,
    return to normalcy

17
What kind of revolution took place in Russia in
1917-1919? What kind of scare did this cause in
the United States?
  • Bolshevik (communist) revolution, Red Scare

18
How did the 18th Amendment and the Volstead Act
attempt to change American society?
  • Tried to improve American moral values by banning
    the sale and production of alcohol

19
How successful was prohibition? Who took over
distribution of alcohol during prohibition?
  • not very, organized crime

20
Identify three characteristics of urban America
in the 1920s.
  • cultural diversity, new immigrants, religious
    diversity, speakeasies jazz, manufacturing

21
Name two ways women established new independent
attitudes in the 20s.
  • Bobbing Hair, wearing shorter skirts, moving out
    on their own

22
What is buying on the margin?
  • taking a loan on profits to buy more stock

23
Why is this a problem?
  • market crashes and nobody can pay back their loans

24
What group worked to oppress everybody who was
not a White Protestant? Why did it have a
resurgence in the 1920s?
  • KKK, increased ethnic tension in the cities
    (Great Migration Red Scare)

25
How did the automobile change American life?
  • demand for roads, faster transportation, closed
    distances, greater contact

26
What new forms of media started the worldwide
spread of American pop culture in the 1920s?
  • Radio and the Movies

27
What amendment gave women the right to vote?
  • 19th

28
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
  • the flourishing growth of the arts in Harlems
    African American community during the 1920s

29
What single event in October, 1929 is often
thought of as the start of the Depression?
  • stock market crash (loses ½ its value) due to
    over-inflated prices

30
What President was blamed for the start of the
Depression? What was his approach to solving the
Depression
  • Herbert Hoover, Staying hands off, rugged
    individualism, voluntary action

31
What was the Dust Bowl?
  • destruction of millions of acres of farmland in
    OK TX because of drought and wind and unwise
    agricultural practices

32
What photographer is famous for capturing the
face of the Depression, especially the Dust Bowl
and the Okie flight to CA?
  • Dorothea Lange

33
What was the Bonus Army? How did the govt deal
with them?
  • WWI vets who wanted their bonus early, dispersed
    by force (US Army troops)

34
Where did unemployment peak during the Great
Depression?
  • 25

35
How much did GNP fall during the Great Depression?
  • 25

36
Who defeated Hoover in the election of 1932? What
was his plan to solve the Great Depression called?
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the New Deal

37
How did conservatives view the New Deal?
  • 1st step towards socialism (too much govt
    involvement), too many Robin Hood taxes on the
    wealthy

38
What was the most controversial part of the New
Deal? What did it ask people to do?
  • NRA (natl recovery administration), comply with
    voluntary min. wage other regulations

39
What organization brought electricity to rural
areas? What technology did they use to generate
electricity?
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), hydroelectric
    (they built dams)

40
What did FDR try to do when the Supreme Court
rejected parts of the New Deal like the NRA and
the AAA?
  • Pack the court (add six justices who agreed with
    his ideas)

41
Who was Father Coughlin? Who did he blame the GD
on?
  • RC priest in Detroit, Jewish bankers and
    capitalists

42
What were the two biggest parts of the 2nd New
Deal?
  • Social Security and the Works Progress
    Administration (WPA)

43
What does Social Security provide?
  • Benefits for the elderly and disabled

44
What organization was created by the Wagner Act
to help protect the rights of workers and unions?
  • the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

45
What national labor organization rose to
prominence in the Depression by organizing all
types of workers?
  • the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)

46
What major event eventually pulled our country
out of the GD?
  • World War II

47
What law(s) allowed us to provide supplies for
Great Britain while remaining neutral?
  • Lend-Lease Act, Cash and Carry

48
What was significant about the Atlantic Charter?
  • established common war goals for United States
    Great Britain (before we were actually in the
    war)

49
What key resources did the United States stop
selling to Japan in the months preceding the
attack on Pearl Harbor?
  • oil, steel, scrap metal, gasoline

50
How did the federal government raise money for
the war effort?
  • Selling war bonds

51
How did our army handle soldiers of different
races?
  • placed them in segregated regiments

52
What famous propaganda character represented
American women working in wartime factories? Name
one problem these women faced.
  • Rosie the Riveter wage gap, fired for flirting,
    sexual harassment, little day care

53
Why did the United States government decide to
inter the Nisei? How did many young Nisei men
show their loyalty to the US?
  • the Nisei were considered a national security
    threat, they joined the 442nd Regiment and fought
    with valor in Europe

54
What two kinds of fighting were most common in
the Pacific?
  • naval air battles amphibious assaults (island
    hopping)

55
What battle was considered the turning point in
the Pacific? Why was it significant?
  • Midway, United States planes and ships destroyed
    4 Japanese carriers and put Japan on the defensive

56
What 1944 invasion marked the beginning of the
end for the Germans in Europe? Where did it take
place?
  • D-Day/Operation Overlord, the Normandy Coast of
    France

57
What was the last major German counter attack?
  • Battle of the Bulge

58
Name two goods that were rationed during WWII.
  • rubber, gasoline, sugar, flour

59
Where did the Big 3 meet to discuss post war
plans early in 1945? (hint the Soviets were
promised a special role in Eastern Europe during
this meeting)
  • Yalta

60
Which president made the decision to drop the
Atomic bomb on Japan? What was his alternative to
dropping the Bomb?
  • Truman, massive land invasion

61
What doctrine vowed to support all resistors of
communism wherever they may be?
  • Truman Doctrine

62
In what aspect of American society did President
Truman promise to end segregation in 1948?
  • the United States Military

63
What economic plan was supposed to keep Western
European Nations free form Comm. after WWII?
  • Marshall Plan

64
Which side did the U.S. support in the Korean
War? Who supported the other side?
  • the South, the USSR

65
What was the result of the Korean War?
  • NK stays Comm., SK free, DMZ in middle

66
How did we respond to the Soviets cutting off
access to W. Berlin in 1948?
  • Berlin Airlift of supplies

67
Which U.S. Senator made a name for himself in the
early 1950s by hunting communists?
  • Joseph McCarthy

68
What were the two main treaty organizations of
the Cold War? What anti-communist treaty
organization did the USA help to form in Asia?
  • NATO Warsaw Pact
  • SEATO

69
What communist dictator rose to power in Cuba in
the late 1950s?
  • Fidel Castro

70
What effort did Kennedy make to remove Castro
from power? Why did it fail?
  • the Bay of Pigs, lack of local support, no air
    strike

71
What 1962 Soviet threat in the Caribbean led to
some of the darkest moments of the Cold War? What
was the outcome of this crisis?
  • Cuban Missile Crisis, U.S. promised not to invade
    Cuba again, USSR took back its missiles

72
What 1896 Supreme Court decision made segregation
legal (separate but equal)?
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

73
What 1954 Supreme Court decision reversed Plessy?
What was the immediate result?
  • Brown vs. the Board of Ed. (Topeka, KS),
    desegregation of the schools

74
What was the key principle of Martin Luther
Kings strategy to end segregation?
  • non-violent passive resistance

75
Give an example of a Black Separatist
Organization.
  • Black Panthers, Nation of Islam

76
Give 2 examples of tough conditions faced by
black students at Central High in Little Rock in
1957.
  • soldier escorts, name calling, fights, threats

77
What was the purpose of the March on Washington?
What famous speech did MLK deliver there?
  • pressure for Civil Rights Legislation, I Have a
    Dream Speech

78
What organization did Malcolm X represent (at
first)? What did he say blacks should reject?
  • Nation of Islam, self hatred imposed on them by
    white culture

79
What was NOW? What were two issues they focused
on?
  • National Organization for Women, equal pay, equal
    rights, sexual discrimination in the work place

80
Who did the Vietnamese originally fight for their
independence? Why did the United States support
this nation in Vietnam?
  • France, Ho Chi Minh was a communist, needed
    French support in Europe

81
List two ways combat conditions in Vietnam were
unlike those soldiers had prepared for.
  • jungle, traps guerrilla tactics, heat rain,
    unknown enemy

82
Name one factor that made our involvement in
Vietnam so controversial.
  • just cause?, high cost ( lives), impatience
    with lack of progress

83
What impact did the Tet Offensive have on public
opinion about the war?
  • turned many against it

84
What was the name of the quiet group that wanted
law order supported the war? What President
garnered their support?
  • silent majority, Nixon

85
What minority groups were over-represented in the
troops in Vietnam?
  • Blacks and Hispanics

86
What theory proposed that if South Vietnam fell
to Communism, the rest of SE Asia would soon
follow?
  • domino theory

87
What were the poor conditions that Native
Americans faced in the 1960s?
  • poverty, lack of educational opportunity

88
Name two famous decisions made by the Nixon
moderate Supreme Court.
  • Roe (abortion), Swann (seg. neighborhods not seg.
    schools), Milliken (no int. over dist. lines)

89
What was one of Fords first important actions
that relates to Watergate?
  • pardons Nixon

90
Why did OPEC place an embargo on oil to the U.S.
in 1973?
  • we helped Israel in October war

91
Name two factors that led to the Rust Belt.
  • overconfidence, lost touch, energy crisis,
    foreign competition, slacking off

92
What is stagflation a combination of?
  • unemployment inflation

93
What was Carters major foreign policy victory in
the Middle East?
  • Camp David Accords

94
What was Carters big foreign policy nightmare?
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

95
What major events had damaged American national
esteem between 1969-1981?
  • Vietnam, Watergate, Iran Hostage Crisis

96
What was our govt hoping for help with from the
Iranians in exchange for selling them arms?
  • freeing our hostages in Lebanon

97
What Soviet leaders reforms ultimately led to the
collapse of the Eastern Bloc.
  • Mikhail Gorbachev

98
Identify two challenges George Bush faced during
his presidency.
  • recession, end of Cold War, Gulf War, S L
    Crisis, War on Drugs, Clarence Thomas
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