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Bridging the Gap: The Gilded Age to the Roaring Twenties

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Bridging the Gap: The Gilded Age to the Roaring Twenties The Cultural and Historical Context of The Great Gatsby 1900 1905 1910 1915 1920 Einstein forms the Theory of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bridging the Gap: The Gilded Age to the Roaring Twenties


1
Bridging the Gap The Gilded Age to the Roaring
Twenties
The Cultural and Historical Context of The Great
Gatsby
2
19th Amendment Grants women the Right to
VOTE (1920)
Sigmund Freud lectures on psychoanalysis (1909)
Chicagos Columbian Exposition (1893)
World War I (aka The Great War (1914-1918)
1905
1915
1900
1910
1920
The Infamous 1919 World Series White Sox vs.
Reds (1919)
Einstein forms the Theory of Relativity (1905)
The Titanic sinks (1912)
3
Charles Lindbergh 1st trans-Atlantic
flight (1927)
The Jazz Singer, 1st Talking picture (1927)
1930
1925
Flapper Dresses In Style (1925)
Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby (1925)
4
  • The Great War (World War I)
  • 1914-1918 The war to end all wars.
  • If the casualties are averaged, they come out
    to 230 soldiers dying every hour, every day, for
    over four years.
  • During the summer and fall of 1914, France lost
    as many men on the battlefield as the U.S. Army
    lost in all of the 20th century.
  • After the war there were so many trenches that
    if you added them up together, end to end, they
    would go around the Earth once.

5
Europe came out of WWI far worse than America.
Many countries suffered severe and lasting damage
to both cities and countryside.
Europe also lost almost an entire generation of
young men.
6
Those who survived were severely traumatized.
This trauma can be seen in the literature and art
of the time, which typically contained shockingly
graphic portrayals of suffering and death.
7
The absence of meaning, honor, faith, and
humanity were all popular themes.
Many artists and poets who had survived the war
later went insane or committed suicide.
8
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12
While European nations were dealing with
economies that were in shambles, hyperinflation,
and record unemployment, America experienced only
a short depression followed by a period of great
prosperity in the 1920s.
13
  • Lasting Effects of WWI
  • - A new moral code
  • Deteriorating ties to the
    ..past and tradition
  • A loss of innocence

14
  • During the war, the government had implemented
    rationing and oversight in nearly every aspect of
    life.

15
In other words there was an increase of
government power FOR THE WAR.
(People were fine with the power trip because it
was for the war)
16
  • But afterwards, the American people were sick of
    it, and wanted a return to a MINIMALIST
    GOVERNMENT.

President Hardings 1920 campaign slogan was to
return to normalcy.(i.e. a time before, the
glory days, a time when the government backed off
of everything--Laissez-Faire).
President Warren Harding and Babe Ruth
17
Business
The Business of America is Business Calvin
Coolidge
18
2nd Industrial Revolution Centers around the
automobile (like the railroad, it connected many
industries).
Chrysler 1920s radiator cap
19
  • America is rapidly becoming a consumer society,
    as things like cars, radios, ice makers,
    deodorants, cosmetics, and toasters are now mass
    produced.
  • Shorter work days Better Wages MORE LEISURE
    TIME!
  • Easy credit Advertising CONSUMPTION GALORE!
  • Mass Production Uniformity Standardization of
    Goods

20
Art Deco
Geometric and futuristic, it was influenced by
new machine technology and Egyptian art
21
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