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Chapter 3: The English Colonies

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Title: Chapter 3: The English Colonies


1
Chapter 3 The English Colonies
Section 3 The Colonies During Restoration
Pages 79-85
2
(No Transcript)
3
The Colonies During Restoration
  • THE CAROLINAS
  • King Charles II restored Monarchy in England
  • Restoration another wave of Colonization began
    when King Charles II rewarded his supporters with
    grants of land
  • He received a Charter for Colony and named it
    Carolina which is Latin for Charles

4
The Colonies During Restoration
  • CAROLINAS
  • Later the Colony was divided between North and
    South Carolina
  • The Carolinas attracted many different
    ethnicities Jews, Germans, Scots, etc.

5
The Colonies During Restoration
  • THE CAROLINAS
  • There was a great demand for plantation workers
    that 2/3 of the population were SLAVES
  • RICE PLANTATIONS
  • Slaves on Rice Plantations had relatively little
    contact with white colonists as a result the
    Slaves retained their African Traditions than did
    Slaves in other areas

6
The Colonies During Restoration
  • THE CAROLINAS
  • TASK SYSTEM each day Slaves were given certain
    duties when done they could tend to their own
    plots, and raise livestock
  • Slaves worked for wages on their own time some
    slaves even earned enough money to buy their
    freedom if the Slaveholder permitted

7
NEW YORK NEW JERSEY
8
The Colonies During Restoration
  • New York and New Jersey
  • Attracted by the Fur Trade, the Dutch West India
    Company Established a Colony in North America in
    1624 NEW NETHERLAND
  • Many people in New Netherland believed the
    leaders were ineffective
  • As a result, they refused to defend the Colony
    when an English fleet sailed into the Harbor of
    New Amsterdam, The Colonys Capitol

9
The Colonies During Restoration
  • New York New Jersey
  • Without a shot being fired, the Colonys
    Governor, Peter Stuyvesant, surrendered to the
    English
  • Now it is New York and New Jersey

10
The Colonies During Restoration
  • COLONIAL EXPERIMENTS
  • Colonies of Pennsylvania, Delaware and Georgia
    were founded between 1681-1732
  • Each Colony was established for different reasons
    and therefore developed unique characteristics

11
The Colonies During Restoration
  • Pennsylvania and Delaware
  • William Penn Duke of York gave him Delaware
  • Penn wanted his own Colony for his fellow Quakers
    Pennsylvania
  • Penn wanted Pennsylvania to be a Holy
    Experiment where people of different
    nationalities and religious beliefs could shape
    their own lives and live in peace.
  • Pennsylvania known as best poor mans country
    attracted lots of immigrants

12
The Colonies During Restoration
  • Georgia Social Experiment
  • James Ogelthorpe planned the Colony in order to
    provide a fresh start for the English who were
    poor
  • As a SOCIAL EXPERIMENT wanted to aid the most
    virtuous and industrious, poor
  • THE COLONY FAILED because very few people who
    were in debt qualified
  • The Colony attracted few other settlers because
    its rigid rules, which included Prohibition
    against RUM and SLAVERY
  • In 1750 Founders of Georgia reluctantly allowed
    Slavery

13
The Colonies During Restoration
  • TRADE
  • Mercantilism an economic policy that stated A
    Nations power was a product of wealth, and a
    Nations wealth is measured by its stock in
    precious metals (gold)
  • Favorable Balance of Trade Export more than you
    import so you can become a rich country

14
The Colonies During Restoration
  • TRADE
  • Colonies were very important to England because
    they were a source of raw materials (cotton) and
    as a market for English goods

15
The Colonies During Restoration
  • Navigation Acts a series of mercantilist laws
    to promote wealth, safety, and strength of this
    kingdom ENGLAND
  • European goods that are going to the colonies
    must go to England first
  • Colonial products must be transported on English
    Ships
  • Colonial products can only go to England
  • Colonists must always obey these acts

16
The Colonies During Restoration
  • James II and The Glorious Revolution
  • Lords of Trade Committee established in 1675 to
    oversee the colonies to make sure they were
    following the Navigation Acts
  • Massachusetts Colonists were violating the
    Navigation Acts so England revoked the Colonys
    Charter
  • King James II increased Royal authority over the
    Colonies by authorizing the Lords of Trade to
    organize the northern colonies into the Dominion
    of New England

17
The Colonies During Restoration
  • James II and The Glorious Revolution
  • 1686 the Committee placed the New England
    Dominion under the control of former colonial
    governor EDMUND ANDROS
  • Colonists are angry at Edmund Andros because he
    imposed taxes on the colonists without their
    consent

18
The Colonies During Restoration
  • THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
  • James II not popular in England like Andros was
    hated in the New England Colonies
  • James II Catholicism upset the English
    Protestants, and his practice of ruling by decree
    angered the parliament
  • Protestants opposition to King James II staged a
    bloodless revolution called the GLORIOUS
    REVOLUTION
  • James flees to France
  • To prevent further abuses of power the Parliament
    in England enacted a Bill of Rights in 1689

19
The Colonies During Restoration
  • THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
  • The Colonists used the Glorious Revolution to rid
    themselves of hated officials
  • Colonists threw Andros in Jail and then sent him
    back to England

20
The Colonies During Restoration
  • THE GREAT AWAKENING
  • Glorious Revolution established that royal power
    flowed from the consent of Parliament and not
    from the will of God to the king

21
The Colonies During Restoration
  • THE GREAT AWAKENING
  • ENLIGHTENMENT a revolution of ideas in Europe
    during the 1700s
  • Enlightenment thinkers emphasized human reason as
    the key to improving society

22
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23
The Colonies During Restoration
  • Great Awakening (British Colonies mid-1700s)
    people longed for more than reason they wanted a
    series of religious revivals

24
The Colonies During Restoration
  • Jonathan Edwards credited with launching New
    Englands Great Awakening felt he had a
    religious calling no predestination
  • Famous Sermon Sinners in the Hands of an Angry
    God,
  • God Forgives

25
THE END
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