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Next Generation Photon Sources for Grand Challenges in Science and Energy

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Final Report Next Generation Photon Sources for Grand Challenges in Science and Energy George Crabtree Marc Kastner Co-Chairs, New Era Subcommittee – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Next Generation Photon Sources for Grand Challenges in Science and Energy


1
Final Report
Next Generation Photon Sources for Grand
Challenges in Science and Energy
George Crabtree Marc Kastner Co-Chairs, New Era
Subcommittee Wolfgang Eberhardt Franz
Himpsel Co-Chairs, Photon Workshop
Outline Background Presentation to
BESAC Revision Report messages Outreach
BESAC July 9-10. 2009
http//www.sc.doe.gov/bes/reports/list.html
2
The New Era Subcommittee of BESAC
George Crabtree, Marc Kastner Co-chairs Michelle
Buchanan, Thomas Mallouk, John Sarrao, Michael
Klein, Arthur Nozik, Julia Phillips, Sue Clark,
Frank DiSalvo, Don DePaolo, Simon Bare, Wayne
Hendrickson, Wolfgang Eberhardt, Franz Himpsel,
Michael Norman, Andrea Cavalleri, Carl
Lineberger, Yet-Ming Chiang, Pat
Looney Technical Support Roger Klaffky, Michael
Casassa, Jim Horwitz
3
Background
  • New Era concept first discussed with BESAC
    February 21-22, 2008
  • First New Era meeting July 24-25, 2008 following
    BESAC
  • Three part charge
  • Summarize Basic Research Needs and Grand
    Challenge reports
  • Recommend implementation plans to address the
    challenges
  • Identify grand energy and science drivers for
    future light sources and the photon attributes
    required to pursue them

Part 3 Photon Workshop Oct 27-28, 2008 Photon
Report May 2009
Parts 1 and 2 New Science Report Dec 2008
4
Photon Workshop October 27-28, 2008
Wolfgang Eberhardt and Franz Himpsel Co-chairs
  • Overview talks
  • Energy (Crabtree, ANL)
  • Life Sciences (Moffat, Chicago)
  • Next Generation Light Sources
  • Free Electron Lasers (Pellegrini, UCLA)
  • Energy Recovery Linacs (Hofstaetter, Cornell)
  • High Harmonic Lasers (Sandner, Germany)
  • Next Generation Storage Rings (Martensson,
    Sweden)
  • Breakout Groups
  • Extensive discussions, write-up of highlights
    (1½ days)

5
Presentation to BESAC Feb 27-28 2009
Revision plan Connect to messages of New Era
report and energy Project a visionary
outlook Single voice and style Emphasize beyond
the source photons Other characterization
methods Supporting capability, e.g., for
catalysis . . . Theory, computation, data
manipulation Endstations, optics,
detectors Engage science communities beyond
materials and chemistry (e.g., life, earth,
environmental) Dream teams to solve grand science
and energy challenges Train next generation of
scientists
6
Report Messages I
Sustainable energy ? conversion of energy among
photons, electrons, chemical bonds Atomic,
molecular, nanoscale phenomena Ultrafast
picosecond or femtosecond time scales
Fourth generation light sources are required to
do this
  • peak brightness - signals from one pulse, one
    nano-object
  • average brightness structure and imaging
  • short pulses ultrafast dynamics
  • coherence focusing and diffractive lensless
    imaging
  • polarization control selective excitation

7
Report Messages II
  • Two areas of killer applications
  • Temporal evolution of electrons, spins, atoms,
    chemical reactions down to femtoseconds
  • Spectroscopic and structural imaging of
    nanoscale objects with uncertainty principle
    precision
  • One source will not cover both scientific needs
  • Commensurate investment in detectors, end
    stations, theory and data handling
  • Application to interdisciplinary science
  • Dream teams
  • Cross platform photon, neutron, electron
    scattering

8
Revised Report Structure
Draft
Final
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Photon Science Drivers
  • (Chapts 6 partial 4 Photon Attributes)
  • Cross-Cutting Challenges
  • (Chapt 3)
  • Conclusion
  • Appendices
  • Photon Sources (Chapt 5)
  • New Scientific Opportunities
  • (Chapt 4 edited for voice and style)
  • Related Studies
  • Photon Workshop Charge, Agenda,
  • Participants
  • 1 Executive Summary
  • 2 Background
  • 3 Cross-Cutting Challenges
  • 4 New Scientific
  • Opportunities
  • 5 Photon Sources
  • 6 Conclusions
  • Appendices
  • Related Studies
  • Photon Attributes for
  • Individual Scientific
  • Opportunities

9
Acknowledgments
Discussion Leaders Scientific
Editors Nora Berrah (Western Michigan) Simon
Bare (UOP LLC) Gordon Brown (Stanford) Michelle
Buchanan (Oak Ridge) Hermann Dürr (Berlin)
George Crabtree (Argonne) Russell Hemley
(Carnegie Institution) Wolfgang Eberhardt
(Berlin) John C. Hemminger (Irvine) Franz
Himpsel (Wisconsin) Janos Kirz (Berkeley) Marc
Kastner (MIT) Rick Osgood (Columbia) Michael
Norman (Argonne) Julia Phillips (Sandia) John
Sarrao (Los Alamos) Robert Schlögl (Berlin) Z.X.
Shen (Stanford)
10
Outreach
Report distribution BES Website
http//www.sc.doe.gov/bes/reports/list.html Memb
ers of BESAC Photon Workshop Participants Members
of New Era Subcommittee Presentations Joint NSLS
and CFN Users Meeting (BNL, May 09) Harriet
Kung, Franz Himpsel National Users Facility
Organization (ANL, Jun 09) Harriet Kung 3rd
World Materials Research Institute Forum (NIST,
Jun 09) Tof Carim Jefferson Lab Users Group
Meeting (JLab, Jun 09) Hugh Montgomery . . .
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