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Women of the Middle Ages and Renaissance

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Title: Women of the Middle Ages and Renaissance


1
Women of the Middle Ages and Renaissance
2
Hildegard of Bingen
  • Born AD 1098 in Bermersheim, Gemany
  • Benedictine monastery
  • Died Sept. 17, 1179
  • Canonized

3
Hildegard of Bingen
  • Born AD 1098 in Bermersheim, Gemany
  • 9 older brothers and sisters
  • Went to Benedictine monastery of Disibodenberg at
    age 8
  • Died Sept. 17, 1179
  • Canonized

4
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hildegard_of_Bingen
5
Hildegards Education
  • Jutta of Sponheim
  • Prayers, chants, ten-stringed psaltery, sewing
    and embroidering
  • Benedictine nun
  • Deep knowledge of Scripture, Christian writers,
    and classical writers

6
Hildegards Education
  • Jutta of Sponheim taught her Latin, religion and
    moral life, how to read Songs of David
  • Prayers, chants, ten-stringed psaltery, sewing
    and embroidering
  • Benedictine nun at 15
  • Deep knowledge of Scripture, Christian writers,
    and classical writers

7
Hildegards Roles
  • Infirmarian (nurse-physician)
  • Abbess at 38made changes for nuns
  • 6 major written works, 400 letters, 80 songs
  • First woman doctor
  • Linguist and musician
  • Preacher (sanctioned by Pope)

Hildegards alphabet
8
Hildegard and Education
  • Christian doctrine
  • First morality play
  • Natural science, medicine, and sexuality
  • Equality of women in the Church
  • Taught theology of the feminine
  • Education is an active, open forum for the human
    mind

9
Hildegard and Education
  • Authoritative voice on Christian doctrine
  • Wrote first morality play
  • First woman to write on natural science,
    medicine, and sexuality
  • Equality of women in the Church
  • Taught theology of the feminine
  • Education is an active, open forum for the human
    mind

10
Hildegard von Bingen and the monk Volmar
Universal Man from Liber divinorum operum, 1165
11
Christine de Pizan
  • Born c. 1364, in Venice, Italy
  • Father
  • French King Charles V in 1368
  • Married
  • Husband
  • Died 1430

12
Christine de Pizan
  • Born c. 1364, in Venice, Italy
  • Father was lecturer in Astrology at University of
    Bologna
  • Lived at the court of French King Charles V in
    1368
  • Married at age 15, had 3 children
  • Husband (royal secretary) died in 1385
  • Died 1430

13
Christines Education
  • Read many of the books in the kings library,
    including classics
  • Taught by mother to spin, weave, cook, manage
    household, and raise children
  • Taught by father to read French, Italian, and
    some Latin, and to write

14
Christines Roles
  • Tried to manage deceased husbands property
  • Took over as court secretary
  • Poet (100 ballades by 1402)
  • Self-educator
  • Feministspoke out against treatment of women
  • Moral educator
  • Biographer and autobiographer

15
Contributions to Education
  • Themes of her writing
  • Genres
  • Liberal education for women
  • Teach children through learning by doingmake
    use of childs natural curiosity

16
Contributions to Education
  • Themes morality, government, history, war,
    peace, education
  • Genres poetry, letters, essays, biographies,
    autobiographies
  • Liberal education for women
  • Teach children through learning by doingmake
    use of childs natural curiosity

17
Christine de Pizan instructing her son
Christine de Pizan, showing the interior of an
apartment at the end of the 14th or commencement
of the 15th century
18
Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim
  • Born AD 930-940, in Saxony
  • Canoness in convent in Gandersheim
  • Died c. 1002 AD

19
Education and Women
  • Wrote epic poems, legends, and dramas about
    Christian themes
  • Knowledge of Latin and classical authors
  • Early European playwrite
  • Focus on female characters in roles of spiritual
    devotion

20
Clare of Assisi
  • Born July, 1194
  • Met St. Francis and confided in him her desire to
    live for God
  • Became nun, 1212
  • Died August 1, 1253
  • Canonized Sept. 26, 1255 by Pope Alexander IV

21
Contributions
  • Order of Poor Ladies and abbess
  • Followed Franciscan monks
  • Humble, merciful, optimistic, charismatic
  • Saved convent
  • Taught women to have aims higher than worldliness

Simone Martini, detail depicting Saint Clare from
a fresco (131220) in the Lower Basilica of San
Francesco, Assisi
22
Contributions
  • Founded Order of Poor LadiesPoor Clares, and
    abbess
  • Followed Franciscan monks around Europe depending
    solely on alms and total faith in God to provide
  • Humble, merciful, optimistic, charismatic
  • Saved convent from being attacked
  • Taught women to have aims higher than worldliness

Simone Martini, detail depicting Saint Clare from
a fresco (131220) in the Lower Basilica of San
Francesco, Assisi
23
Catherine of Siena
  • Born March 25, 1347, in Siena, Italy
  • 23rd child out of 25
  • Dominican Tertiary
  • Died April 29, 1380, in Rome
  • Canonized in 1461 by Pope Pius II

Dominico Beccafumi, 1515
24
Impact
  • Wrote many letters to important officials
  • Encourage peace and the return of the Papacy to
    Rome
  • Great works of early Tuscan literature
  • Tended to the sick
  • Served the poor

25
Other Important Women
  • Joan of Arc
  • Julian of Norwich
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine
  • Theodora
  • St. Monica (mother of St. Augustine)
  • Isabella dEste
  • Marguerite de Porete
  • Bridget of Sweden
  • Gertrude the Great
  • Dhuoda
  • Catherine of Genoa

26
Hildegard References
  • Murphy, Madonna. 2006. The History and Philosophy
    of Education Voices of Educational Pioneers. New
    Jersey Pearson Education, Inc. Pp. 104-8
  • Lerman, Kristina. 1995. The Life and Works of
    Hildegard von Bingen. Available at
    http//www.fordham.edu/halsall/med/hildegarde.html
  • Catholic Community Forum. Hildegard von Bingen.
    Available at http//www.catholic-forum.com/saints
    /sainth05.htm
  • Wikipedia. 2007. Hildegard of Bingen. Available
    at http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hildegard_of_Bing
    en

27
Christine References
  • Murphy, Madonna. 2006. The History and Philosophy
    of Education Voices of Educational Pioneers. New
    Jersey Pearson Education, Inc. Pp. 128-32
  • Wikipedia.com. 2007. Christine de Pizan.
    Available at http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christi
    ne_de_Pizan

28
Clare References
  • Catholic Community Forum. Clare of Assisi.
    Available at http//www.catholic-forum.com/saints
    /saintc03.htm
  • Robinson, Paschal. 2006. St. Clare of Assisi.
    Catholic Encyclopedia. Available at
    http//www.newadvent.org/cathen/04004a.htm
  • Wikipedia.com. 2007. Clare of Assisi. Available
    at http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clare_of_Assisi

29
Hrotsvitha References
  • Churchill, Laurie. 2000. Hrotsvit. Available at
    http//go.owu.edu/o5medww/hrotsvit/index.htm
  • Scheid, Nikolaus. 2006. Hrotsvitha. Catholic
    Encyclopedia. Available at http//www.newadvent.o
    rg/cathen/07504b.htm

30
Catherine of Siena References
  • Wikipedia.com. 2007. Catherine of Siena.
    Available at http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catheri
    ne_of_Siena
  • Gardner, Edmund. 2006. St. Catherine of Siena.
    Catholic Encyclopedia. Available at
    http//www.newadvent.org/cathen/03447a.htm
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