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The Beginning of History: Three Visions of Welfare

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The Beginning of History: Three Visions of Welfare The Importance of Social Capital Professor Steven M Shardlow PhD The University of Salford – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Beginning of History: Three Visions of Welfare


1
The Beginning of History Three Visions of
Welfare The Importance of Social Capital
  • Professor Steven M Shardlow PhD
  • The University of Salford
  • United Kingdom

2
My Argument
Picasso Poverty
3
Triumph of Liberal Democracy?
  • What we may be witnessing is not just the end of
    the, Cold War or the passing of a particular
    period of post-war history, but the end of
    history as such that is, the end point of
    mankind's ideological evolution and the
    universalization of Western liberal democracy as
    the final form of human government.

4
Big Welfare Questions?
5
Over the Event Horizon
6
The Beginning of Welfare History
7
  • Residual Welfare

8
1 Welfare as Residual, Conditional Assistance
  1. Means tested (poorest only qualify)
  2. Highly stigmatised
  3. Benefit given in kind (e.g. food stamps)
  4. Time limited support
  5. Personalised insurance systems
  6. Not comprehensive (US medical system)
  7. Provision through market

Dorothea Lange Migrant Mother (California)
9
Action on Poverty
Mary Bradford
10
Families on Welfare
State Aug. 1996 families Dec. 2005 families Pct. change
U.S. total 4,408,508 1,870,039 -57.6
Source Department of Health and Human Services
(US)
11
  • Welfare as Care

12
2 Welfare as Social Care and Social Assistance
(Welfare State?)
L S Lowry The Cripples
13
Norway
  • Policyis based on the political and moral belief
    that every citizen has the right to enjoy
    equality of opportunity. The goals of Norwegian
    social policy are to achieve equality in as many
    aspects of life as possible, to redistribute the
    wealth so that no one suffers from lack of
    material goods, and to provide security and
    employment for all. my italics
  • (Tutvedt and Young, 1991, p 2)

14
  • Welfare as Social Capital Accumulation

15
Social Capital
  • ...refers to the institutions, relationships, and
    norms that shape the quality and quantity of a
    society's social interactions... Social capital
    is not just the sum of the institutions which
    underpin a society it is the glue that holds
    them together (The World Bank 1999)

16
Social Entrepreneurship
  • Social Entrepreneurs
  • ...people with the mission to create and sustain
    social value. These social change agents are not
    limited by resources currently at hand but pursue
    new opportunities to serve people, take
    calculated risks and engage in a process of
    continuous social innovation, adaptation and
    learning. Ultimately, social entrepreneurs have a
    sense of accountability to the constituencies
    served and for the outcomes.
  • TAN, N.-T. (2004). Social entrepreneurship
    challenge for social work in a challenging world.
    Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and
    Development14(2), 87-98.

17
Social Enterprise
  • There is no commonly agreed definition of Social
    Enterprise in Hong Kong
  • Yet, there are some essential characteristics
  • It is serving social goals by using an enterprise
    strategies
  • It is both a from Welfare to Work and a Social
    Investment Approach
  • It is providing assistance to the marginal groups
    in the community, by encouraging self-reliance
  • Sustainability is important
  • Chan Kam Tong (Hong Kong PolyU)

Social Enterprise Foundation
18
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21
Individual Initiatives and Collaborative
Responsibilities
22
My Argument
Picasso Poverty
23
The Beginning of History Three Visions of
Welfare The Importance of Social Capital
  • Professor Steven M Shardlow PhD
  • The University of Salford
  • United Kingdom
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