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CHALLENGES TO CHURCH AUTHORITY

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CHALLENGES TO CHURCH AUTHORITY STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVE The students will trace the reactions of the church to challenges on a graphic organizer. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CHALLENGES TO CHURCH AUTHORITY


1
CHALLENGES TO CHURCH AUTHORITY
2
STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVE
  • The students will trace the reactions of the
    church to challenges on a graphic organizer.

3
FOCUS QUESTION
  • How did the church react to challenges from
    Heretics, Muslims, and Jews?

4
As you have read, most Europeans in the Middle
Ages belonged to the Catholic Church. As
Christianity spread in Europe, many Jews and
Muslims were pressured to become Christian or
leave their homes. At the same time, others
openly challenged the churchs authority.
5
Some Christians began to question Church
teachings.
6
Religious ideas that oppose accepted church
teachings are called heresy.
  • People who have ideas that oppose the church are
    called heretics. Heretics were fined, imprisoned,
    or killed.

7
Christians fight the Moors
  • The Muslim Moors
  • controlled Spain.
  • Christians fought them to take away land.
  • They called this Reconquista, or reconquest.

8
The Rise of Portugal and Spain
  • Please turn to page 283 in the text.
  • The marriage of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
    united Castile and Aragon.

9
JEWS FACE DISCRIMINATION
  • Christians believed that the Jews were
    responsible for the death of Jesus.
  • Christians killed Jews during the Crusades.
  • Jews were blamed for the Black Death.
  • Throughout Europe, Jews were forced out of their
    homes or killed.

10
The Spanish Inquisition
  • Ferdinand and Isabella created the Spanish
    Inquisition, an organization of priests that
    looked for and punished non-Christians.
  • They were ruthless in seeking heretics, Muslims,
    and Jews.
  • People found guilty were sentenced in huge public
    ceremonies and most were burned in public.

11
CHRISTIAN REACTIONSTO GROUPS IN THE MIDDLE AGES
12
FOCUS QUESTION
  • How did the church react to challenges from
    Heretics, Muslims, and Jews?
  • They sent priests and friars to find them.
    They were sent to prison, tortured, and even
    killed if they did not leave during the
    RECONQUISTA.

13
Why were church officials interested in finding
heretics?
  • They might have been worried that heretics might
    lead others to question the churchs teachings.

14
How did Reconquista affect Spanish Jews and
Muslims?
  • Jews had to convert to Christianity or leave the
    country. Islam was banned.

15
Why did some Christians discriminate against Jews?
  • They blamed them for the death of Jesus.

16
What was the purpose of the Inquisition?
  • To find and punish non-Christians in Spain.

17
WHAT WERE SOME OF THECHALLENGES THE CHURCHFACED?
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