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Climate is a long-term weather pattern

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... when they classify climate. Four key geographical factors ... coastal regions ... is a continental climate. Marine vs. Continental ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Climate is a long-term weather pattern


1
Section 4.1
  • Climate is a long-term weather pattern

2
Vocabulary
  • Climate the characteristic weather conditions in
    a place over a long period of time.
  • Latitude the distance in degrees north or south
    of the equator.
  • Marine Climates occur near the ocean.
  • Continental Climates occur in the interior of
    continents.
  • Ocean Currents streams of water that flow
    through oceans in regular patterns.
  • Seasons periods of the year associated with
    specific weather conditions, such as temperature
    or rain.

3
Geography affects climate
  • All parts of weather make up climate, including
    wind, humidity, and sunshine.
  • Meteorologists focus on patterns of temperature
    and precipitation when they classify climate.
  • Four key geographical factors affect temperature
    latitude, altitude, distance from large bodies of
    water, and ocean currents.

4
Latitude
5
Altitude
6
Marine vs. Continental Climates
  • Because land heats up and cools off faster than
    water, coastal regions tend to have milder
    climates.
  • Oregon and Minneapolis are the lame latitude, but
    have very different climates. Portland is a
    marine climate while Minneapolis is a continental
    climate.

7
Ocean Currents
  • Ocean currents transfer energy, causing areas of
    the same latitude to have different climate
    patterns.

8
Seasons
  • Temperature and precipitation patterns (seasonal
    changes) are part of a climate. This determines
    the type of flora and fauna present in a
    geographical location.
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