Maya - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 29
About This Presentation
Title:

Maya

Description:

Maya Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD Mayan cities were city-states. Each ruler a god. Cities unified by a common language, culture, and roads. Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD Cities were ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:70
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 30
Provided by: school
Category:
Tags: ppt | buildings | maya | tallest | world

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Maya


1
Maya
2
(No Transcript)
3
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • Mayan cities were city-states. Each ruler a god.
    Cities unified by a common language, culture,
    and roads.

4
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • Cities were centers for religion and trade. They
    had temples, pyramids, and ball courts.
  • Tikal was almost 50 square miles and had a
    population of 55,000 people

5
(No Transcript)
6
(No Transcript)
7
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • The pyramid at Tikal is 212 feet high. It was
    the tallest building in the Americas until 1903.
    It was built so that Jupiter and Venus align over
    the pyramid.

8
(No Transcript)
9
(No Transcript)
10
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • The pyramid at Chichen Itza was built so that a
    shadow crept down the stairs like a snake only
    during the fall/spring equinox.
  • This pyramid had 91 steps on 4 staircases plus
    the top 365

11
(No Transcript)
12
(No Transcript)
13
(No Transcript)
14
(No Transcript)
15
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • Artisans made cotton cloth, jade/gold ornaments.
    Priests studied astronomy. Merchants traded by
    land/sea. Laborers built pyramids. Architects
    designed buildings.
  • Farmers built raised fields that could drain
    water. Also terraced hillsides.

16
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • Maya offered blood sacrifices to Gods. Gods
    could be good, evil, or both. Also human
    sacrifice.
  • Itzam Na- creator God- also fire, rain, crops,
    earth- becomes Quetzalcoatl- most powerful ruler
    adopts the name Quetzalcoatl- like Caesar/Romans

17
(No Transcript)
18
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • Had the most accurate calendar in the world.
    Only .0002 of a day off our modern calendar!
  • Two calendars- one 260 day religious calendar- 13
    months 20 days each, one 365 day solar calendar-
    18 months 20 days each

19
(No Transcript)
20
(No Transcript)
21
(No Transcript)
22
Maya- 1200 BC-900 AD
  • Mayan writing- glyphs- over 800
  • Books called codex written on paper made from
    bark
  • Also invented concept of zero

23
(No Transcript)
24
(No Transcript)
25
Maya Timeline
  • Lowland Maya descendents of Olmec- arrive 1000BC
  • 550 AD- fall of Teotihuacan- breakdown of
    centralized power at Tikal
  • Increased power of local elites- more building
    projects and growing population- scarce food-
    competition for land-warfare
  • 900 AD Toltec invade N. Yucatan- power shifts
    from Tikal to Chichen Itza.

26
Mayan Timeline
  • About 1200 Chichen Itza abandoned- power shifts
    to Mayapan- a walled city
  • Revolt destroyed Mayapan in 1441
  • By the arrival of Spaniards, empire dead.
  • Toltec migrate to Valley of Mexico where they are
    destroyed.
  • Legend of Quetzalcoatl lives on

27
  • Civilizations worshipping the Feathered Serpent
    included the Olmec, Mixtec, Toltec, Aztec, who
    adopted it from the people of Teotihuacan, and
    the Maya.

28
(No Transcript)
29
(No Transcript)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com