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Community Inquiry

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Title: Community Inquiry


1
Community Inquiry
  • Ann Peterson Bishop
  • Library Information Science
  • U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

2
Community-BasedResearch, Learning Action
Uniting people from all walks of life in
identifying, investigating, and taking action on
conditions that affect the well-being of local
residents.
3
Definitions and Examples
  • Participatory Action Research
  • Participatory Evaluation
  • Appreciative Inquiry
  • Service Learning

4
Participatory Action Research/Participatory
Evaluation
  • Incorporate local knowledge held by marginalized
    groups
  • Gain the participation of marginalized groups in
    all stages
  • Build capacity and achieve constructive social
    outcomes.

5
  • http//www.incommunityresearch.org/
  • ICR has used participatory action research as a
    capacity building and prevention approach for
    youth and adults in the greater Hartford, CT
    area. Issues that have been addressed include
    sexual identity and support for lesbian, gay,
    bisexual, transgender or questioning youth,
    working with young girls and their mothers as a
    drug, alcohol and tobacco prevention model, and
    engaging residents around issues of community and
    family strengthening.

6
  • CURL promotes an innovative model of teaching
    and learning that reaches beyond Loyola's
    campuses and classrooms to develop equal
    partnerships between the university and Chicago's
    communities. CURL is guided by a mission which
    places strong emphasis on research that addresses
    community needs and involves the community at all
    levels of research. By working closely with
    activists outside the university, the Center
    recognizes and values the knowledge and
    experience of individuals and organizations in
    non-academic settings.

http//www.luc.edu/curl/projects/past/participator
y.shtml
7

http//www.iisd.org/ai/default.htm
Appreciative inquiry turns the problem-solving
approach on its head. It focuses on a community's
achievements rather than its problems, and seeks
to go beyond participation to foster inspiration
at the grass-roots level.

8

http//www.servicelearning.org/
Service-learning combines service objectives with
learning objectives with the intent that the
activity change both the recipient and the
provider of the service. This is accomplished by
combining service tasks with structured
opportunities that link the task to
self-reflection, self-discovery, and the
acquisition and comprehension of values, skills,
and knowledge content.

9
American Pragmatism
  • William James (1675-1749)
  • Charles Sanders Pierce (1839-1914)
  • John Dewey (1859-1952)
  • Jane Adams (1860-1935)

10
American Pragmatism andTheory of Inquiry
  • They all believed that ideas are not out
    there waiting to be discovered, but are tools -
    like forks and knives and microchips - that
    people devise to cope with the world in which
    they find themselves. They believed that the
    ideas are not produced by the individuals - that
    ideas are social.
  • Louis Menand, 2001

11
Characteristics of CIs
  • Coming to understand, and to build upon, a range
    of different perspectives and points of view
  • Thinking which is self-correcting, and thinkers
    who care for the procedures of inquiry
  • Developing an environment in which all ideas are
    listened to and respected as potential sources of
    truth

12
Communities of Inquiry
  • Community of Inquiry theory understands
    knowledge as communally constructed and emergent,
    proceeding through the interaction of critical
    and creative thinking
  • Kennedy, 1996

13
The Cycle of Inquiry

14
Community Inquiry Labs
A place where members of a community come
together to develop shared capacity and work on
common problems. "Community" support for
collaborative activity and for creating knowledge
that is connected to people's values,
history, and lived experiences. "Inquiry"
support for open-ended, democratic, participatory
engagement. "Laboratory" a space and resources
to bring theory and action together in an
experimental and critical manner. A CIL is most
importantly a concept
15
Community Inquiry Labs
  • Web-based suite of Open Source software tools to
    support collaboration and communication (e.g.,
    bulletin board, document uploading, calendar,
    inquiry units)
  • People create CILs (websites) on their own, to
    support their activities within and among groups
  • Inquiry units lesson plans, action plans,
    meeting minutes, research reports, journals,
    policy statements, etc.

16
The Challenge
  • Theory adequate to account for the complexity and
    diversity of distributed collective practice
  • Reflective action with actual communities facing
    historically-situated needs
  • Process for developing shared capacity
  • Social software to mediate the accomplishment of
    concrete tasks

17
Community Inquiry Theory
  • the desire to make the entire social organism
    democratic, to extend democracy beyond its
    political expression Jane Addams
  • "While what we call intelligence may be
    distributed in unequal amounts, it is the
    democratic faith that is sufficiently general so
    that each individual has something to contribute,
    and the value of each contribution can be
    assessed only as it entered into the final pooled
    intelligence constituted by the contributions of
    all." John Dewey
  • Community of inquiry accepts crisis because
    it is necessary for transformation Paul Lushyn
    David Kennedy

18
Community Inquiry Lab Goalshttp//inquiry.uiuc.ed
u/cil/partners.php
  • How can we
  • connect learning life?
  • support participatory design?
  • accommodate diversity shared values?

19
Connect Learning and Life ESLARPESLARP Sample
Inquiry Unit
20
Support Participatory Design SisterNet
http//sisternetonline.org/ourinquiry.html
  • New model for Black women's organizing
  • Wholeness through physical, emotional, spiritual,
    and intellectual health
  • Political strategy to resist oppression and shape
    livable communities
  • Community health fairs, conferences, and
    learning/action circles

21
SisterNets CIL in Action Taking Action for Water
Quality
22
Spiritual Health Plan
  • For the Create section --
  • I would like to accomplish the following goals
    Once each week I would like to take at least four
    (4) hours of the weekend for my own enjoyment.
    This will include, but is not limited to, things
    like going to the beauty shop, going out to
    dinner or to the movies with my husband, reading
    my Bible or some other book, or just praying or
    meditating. I also will let my family know
    that I love and support them...

23
Accommodate Difference Shared Values Paseo
Boricua Community Library Projecthttp//www.prair
ienet.org/pbclp/community_inquiry_lab.htm
  • Puerto Rican Cultural Center in Chicago's
    Humboldt Park neighborhood
  • Galvanizes neighborhood residents around
    community projects
  • Addresses critical issues gang violence, AIDS,
    social and environmental justice, literacy, and
    economic development

24
Paseo Boricua Street Academyhttp//inquiry.uiuc.e
du/cil/out.php?cilid112
25
Participatory Inquiry and Information Systems
  • Design through use or participatory inquiry aims
    to respond to human needs by democratic
    processes. Through creation of content,
    contributions to interactive elements, and
    incorporation into practice, users are not merely
    recipients of technology, but participate
    actively in its ongoing development.

26
Co-Evolution
Knowledge
Technology
Community
27
Equitable relations, then tasks
  • renders the progress of expertise in a community
    secondary to a relational and epistemological
    practice of confronting differences so that its
    participants can come to understand how the
    beliefs and purposes of others can call their own
    into question.
  • Clark, "Rescuing the discourse of community"

28
Active Participation
  • every individual must be consulted in such a way,
    actively not passively, that he himself becomes a
    part of the process of authority.
  • Dewey, Democracy Education

29
Community Inquiry Track at GSLIS
  • LIS 450 IBL Inquiry-Based Learning
    http//inquiry.uiuc.edu/cil/out.php?cilid29
  • LIS 450 PT Pragmatic Technology
    http//inquiry.uiuc.edu/cil/out.php?cilid46
  • LIS 450 SJ Social Justice in the Information
    Professions http//inquiry.uiuc.edu/cil/out.php?ci
    lid72
  • LIS450CI Community Information Systems
    http//inquiry.uiuc.edu/cil/out.php?cilid86
  • LIS450PAR Participatory Action Research
    http//inquiry.uiuc.edu/cil/out.php?cilid85

30
Roles for CI Professionals
Collaborate in community-based research,
learning, and action!
  • Needs assessment and community analysis
  • Finding and organizing information
  • Design and evaluation of information technology
  • Gathering and presenting data
  • Project planning
  • Co-teaching in service-learning courses

31
Resources
Bruce, B. C., Bishop, A. P. (2002, May). Using
the web to support inquiry-based literacy
development. Journal of Adolescent and Adult
Literacy, 45(8). http//www.reading.org/publicatio
ns/jaal/index.html Clark, G. (1994). Rescuing
the discourse of community. College Composition
and Communication, 45(1), 6174. Dewey, J.
(1938). Experience and education. New York
Macmillan. Freire, Paolo (2002). Pedagogy of the
oppressed. 30th anniversary ed. New York
Continuum. Glassman, M. 2001. Dewey and
Vygotsky Society, experience, and inquiry in
educational practice. Educational Researcher,
30(4), 3-14.
32
Resources
Greenwood, Davydd J., Levin, Morten. (1998).
Introduction to action research Social research
for social change. Thousand Oaks, CA Sage.
Patton, M.Q. (1999). Some framing questions
about racism and evaluation." The American
Journal of Evaluation, 20(30), 437-444. Rinaldo,
R. (2002). Space of resistance The Puerto Rican
Cultural Center and Humboldt Park. Cultural
Critique , 50, 135-174. http//leep.lis.uiuc.edu/
spring03/LIS450PAR/Rinaldo.pdf Stringer, Ernest
T. (1999). Action research. 2d ed. Thousand Oaks,
CA Sage. Reardon, K. M. (1998). Participatory
action research as service learning. In R. A.
Rhoads and J. P. F. Howard, eds., Academic
service learning A pedagogy of action and
reflection (pp. 57-64). San Francisco
Jossey-Bass. Whitmore, E. (ed.). (1998).
Understanding and practicing participatory
evaluation. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass.
33
Contact Information
Ann Bishop abishop_at_uiuc.edu 217-244-3299
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