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Review of Science and Technical Progress from the Perspective of Wildland Fire / Wildfire Risk

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Title: Review of Science and Technical Progress from the Perspective of Wildland Fire / Wildfire Risk


1
Review of Science and Technical Progress from the
Perspective of Wildland Fire / Wildfire Risk
  • Preparatory Workshop on Science and Technology
    for the Global Platform for Disaster Risk
    Reduction Third Session
  • Pavia, Italy, 5-6 April 2011

Johann G. Goldammer Global Fire Monitoring Center
/ Global Wildland Fire Network Nikola
Nikolov Regional Southeast Europe / Caucasus Fire
Monitoring Center and Wildland Fire Network
2
Wildland Fire / Wildfire Risk
  • Wildland Fire
  • Any fire occurring on wildland regardless of
    ignition sources, damages or benefits
  • Wildland
  • Vegetated and non-vegetated land in which
    development is essentially non-existent, except
    for roads, railroads, powerlines, and similar
    transportation facilities structures, if any,
    are widely scattered. In fire management
    terminology this general term includes all
    burnable vegetation resources including managed
    forests and forest plantations
  • Wildfire
  • Any unplanned and uncontrolled wildland fire
    which regardless of ignition source may require
    suppression response, or other action according
    to agency policy

3
Wildland Fire / Wildfire Risk
  • Major science and technical advancements and
    innovations Global partners, review processes
    and mechanisms in the 5 HFA areas
  • Global Networking, Cooperation and Coordination
    The Global Wildland Fire Network (HFA1)
  • Global Fire Monitoring The Global Global
    Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics
    (GOFC-GOLD) and Global Fire Monitoring Center
    (GFMC) (HFA2)
  • Early Warning and Preparedness The Global
    Wildland Fire Early Warning System (HFA2)
  • Education, Advocacy and Awareness
    Community-based Fire Management (CBFiM) (HFA3)
  • Reducing Wildfire Risk Integrated Fire
    Management (HFA4)
  • Preparing for Response Internationally agreed
    Standard Operating Procedures based on bilateral
    or multilateral agreements / protocols (HFA5)

4
Global Networking, Cooperation and Coordination
The Global Wildland Fire Network
(HFA1) Progress - 15 Regional Wildland Fire
Networks established - thereof 1 multilateral /
legal (ASEAN) 14 voluntary networks with a
number of bilateral agreements embedded in
regions 1 networking mechanism in the European
Union - Increasing visibility and political
recognition Major gaps - Still lacking
national and international fire management
policies - Lack of political and financial
commitment
5
Global Networking, Cooperation and Coordination
The Global Wildland Fire Network (HFA1)
The Regions of the UNISDR Global Wildland Fire
Network North America Mesoamerica South
America Caribbean Mediterranean Near East
Southeast Europe / Caucasus Subsahara Africa
South Asia Southeast Asia Australasia
Northeast Asia Central Asia Eurasia
Euro-Alpine
6
Global Fire Monitoring The Global Global
Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics
(GOFC-GOLD) and Global Fire Monitoring Center
(GFMC) (HFA2) Progress - The science,
instruments, algorithms, models and communication
networks for global fire assessments and
operational support are in place Major gaps
- Lack of international financial commitments
to transit from models / prototypes to
operational systems, which are meeting the
demands of science (fire, atmosphere, climate)
and fire management (operational support)
7
Global Fire Monitoring The Global Global
Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics
(GOFC-GOLD) and Global Fire Monitoring Center
(GFMC) (HFA2)
8
  • Early Warning and Preparedness The Global
    Wildland Fire Early Warning System (HFA2)
  • Methodology for a Global Fire EWS is in place

9
  • Early Warning and Preparedness The Global
    Wildland Fire Early Warning System (HFA2)
  • Methodologies of Regional to local Fire EWS are
    in place

10
  • Early Warning and Preparedness The Global
    Wildland Fire Early Warning System (HFA2)
  • Progress
  • - The science and technology for fire early
    warning (3-14 days) and for modeling (months,
    years, decades) are in place
  • Major gaps
  • - Lack of international financial commitments to
    transit from models / prototypes to operational
    systems, which are meeting the demands of science
    (fire, atmosphere, climate) and fire management
    (operational support)

11
  • Education, Advocacy and Awareness
    Community-based Fire Management (CBFiM) (HFA3)
  • Progress
  • - The fire management community globally has set
    priorities on community-based, participatory
    approaches in fire management (involvement of
    those who are using fire, often are causing
    wildfires, and are affected by wildfires and
    needing advice for environmentally safe burning
    practices)
  • Major gaps
  • - Most countries are following traditional,
    centralized (government-agencies focused, often
    paramilitary) methods of fire exclusion and
    control

12
  • Education, Advocacy and Awareness
    Community-based Fire Management (CBFiM) (HFA3)

13
  • Reducing Wildfire Risk Integrated Fire
    Management (HFA4)
  • In some ecosystems natural and prescribed
    management fires are essential components of
    ecosystem dynamics and contribute to the
    reduction of wildfires of high severities

14
  • Reducing Wildfire Risk Integrated Fire
    Management (HFA4)
  • Progress
  • - The fire ecology and science-based methods of
    managing fire (integration of natural fire, use
    of prescribed fire and fire exclusion, where
    appropriate) are explored for most vegetation
    types and are available for technical transfer to
    any country
  • Major gaps
  • - The majority of countries are still following
    traditional, centralized (government-agencies
    focused, often paramilitary) methods of fire
    exclusion / control

15
Preparing for response Internationally agreed
Standard Operating Procedures based on bilateral
or multilateral agreements / protocols
(HFA5) Multilateral agreements / mechanisms in
place - Association of South East Asian
Nations (ASEAN) Agreement on Transboundary
Haze Pollution - European Union The Civil
Protection Mechanism
16
  • Preparing for response Internationally agreed
    Standard Operating Procedures based on bilateral
    or multilateral agreements / protocols (HFA5)
  • Multilateral agreements / mechanisms in
    preparation
  • - UNECE Regional Conference on Cross-boundary
  • Fire Management (to be hosted by the United
  • Nations in 2011)
  • - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
  • initiative on transboundary cooperation in fire
    management (2010-2012)

17
  • Preparing for response Internationally agreed
    Standard Operating Procedures based on bilateral
    or multilateral agreements / protocols (HFA5)
  • Bilateral agreements / mechanisms
  • - Within North America
  • - Russian Federation and neighbouring countries
  • - Several European countries
  • - Between U.S.A., Canada, Australia, New
    Zealand Set of bilateral agreements that are
    compatible and thus have a quasi multilateral
    character. All countries using the common
    Incident Command System (ICS), which allows
    exchange of personnel and securing
    inter-operability in managing wildfire disasters

18
  • Preparing for response Internationally agreed
    Standard Operating Procedures based on bilateral
    or multilateral agreements / protocols (HFA5)
  • Examples of themes for international cooperation
    (I)
  • (1) The International Fire Aviation Working
    Group (IFAWG)
  • Mission Statement
  • Identify and facilitate opportunities for
    multilateral communication and cooperation to
    improve the safety, efficiency and effectiveness
    of aerial fire management

19
  • Preparing for response Internationally agreed
    Standard Operating Procedures based on bilateral
    or multilateral agreements / protocols (HFA5)
  • Examples of themes for international cooperation
    (II)
  • (2) Fire Management on contaminated terrain
  • - Re-distribution of radioactivity
  • - Collateral damages during armed conflicts
  • - Heritages of armed conflicts (Unexploded
    Ordnance, land mines)

20
  • Preparatory Workshop on Science and Technology
    for the Global Platform for Disaster Risk
    Reduction Third Session
  • Pavia, Italy, 5-6 April 2011

Thanks for your attention On behalf of the
UNISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group / Global
Wildland Fire Network
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