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Cradle of Civilizations (River Civilizations)

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Title: Cradle of Civilizations (River Civilizations)


1
Cradle of Civilizations(River Civilizations)
  • Submitted by
  • C. Stephen Ingraham
  • 2014

18
With Benchmark Chart 5 minute Assessment
2
This is how Mullen students roll.
  • We are always on time to class
  • We come prepared to learn.
  • We always allow other students to learn.
  • We respect the personal space of others.

3
Essential Questions
  • Where and how did ancient civilizations begin?
  • In what ways are ancient civilizations similar?
    In what ways are they different?
  • What impact did cultural beliefs have on the
    formation of religions?
  • How did religion and philosophical thinking
    affect the development of civilization?
  • For what reasons do religious and philosophical
    differences cause conflict among cultures?
  • How did the agricultural revolution change
    civilizations?
  • What economic systems existed in ancient
    civilization?
  • What governmental structures emerged in ancient
    civilizations?
  • What evidence of culture clashes exist today?
  • What constitutes a civilization?

4
Social Studies Block ___ Name
_______________________Mrs. Mc Master Mr.
Ingraham Date ____________
  • E-mail singraham_at_gloucester.k12.nj .us
  • Wiki Timescapes.pbworks.com
  • Fertile Crescent Song
  • Civilization Chart
  • Mesopotamia
  • Divisions in Society
  • War Peace in the Fertile Crescent
  • Religious Philosophical Thinking of Mesopotamia
  • Cradle of Civilization Vocabulary
  • Egypt Song
  • The Nile Source of Innovation
  • Unity Leadership
  • Religious Philosophical Thinking of Egypt
  • China Song
  • Ancient China -Xia Shang Dynasties
  • Religious Philosophical Thinking of China
  • India Song
  • Civilization of the Indus Valley

5
The Stone Age Song
  • Lets get together and unite in clans
  • related groups of families.
  • Spending all day hunting the land
  • for fruits, nuts, and any animal we see.
  • We will migrate with the herds.
  • Shh! Be Quiet! Pass the word
  • Together (We might even see a mammoth)
  • Lets spread through the world, Yeah, Yeah, Yeah.
  • Traveling so we can eat is fun.
  • Out of Africa where it is hot
  • The equator gets the direct rays of the sun.
  • Some wander Europe which is fine,
  • Others across Asia at the same time,
  • but not together (tween glaciers slipping to
    America)
  • Forming cultures which uniquely set us apart
  • Language, customs, beliefs, and art.
  • Merging of twenty people clans

CSI07
6
The Fertile Crescent Song
  • Let me tell you of a civilization Sung
    to the tune of The Brady Bunch
  • Sumer, Sumer was its name
  • It was between the Tigris and Euphrates,
  • but it was not alone.
  • There came along a mighty king,
  • Sargon, the Akkadian was the name.
  • He united all who feared him.
  • You join or youre insane.
  • Still later came King Hammurabi
  • With his mighty long code of laws.
  • Even later came the Assyrian Army
  • Led by Sennacherib the destroyer,
  • Who crushed and killed
  • And stole until the Persians came along and
    conquered him.

CSI07
7
Early Egypt Song Sung to Mary has a
little Lamb The Nile River gives Egypt
life Water for the crops And fertile silt King
Narmer unites us all Upper and lower Egypt Our
pharaoh is the son of Ra Pharaoh Zoser asked
Imhotep To build a pyramid For his tomb and
decorate it with Hieroglyphics and
gold. Amenemhet becomes the pharaoh He conquers
Nubia and Kush is tamed. Merchants and
craftworkers Form the middle class. Pharaoh
Thutmose crushed the Hyksos. Egypt extends to
the Fertile Crescent But Amenhotep and
Nefertiti Want all to worship the one god,
Aton, But the boy King Tut changes that (and
thats a chapter three fact.) By
Mr. Ingraham
8
Indias Chapter 6 Song
The Aryans migrate South Through the mountain
pass of Hindu Kush. Into the Indus Valley Using
their horses to fight for land. Believing in
Hinduisms reincarnation means rebirth. The next
lifes social position show your worth, But now
your caste is unchanging. So dont associate with
the low one. Being an Untouchable is no
fun!!!! Unless youre a believer in Buddha and
seek love, truth, and knowledge. Whats it to
ya? Unselfish behavior all the time. (Bomb Ba
Bomba Chorus) Now I know these chapter 6 facts,
Ill be fine. By Mr. Ingraham
Sung to Meet the Flintstones
9
Indias Chapter 6 (Song verse
2)
The Rajahs rule the Indian city-states Until a
young Chandragupta Maurya, Like the Qin Shi
Huangdi the young Chandraguptas known for
cruelty. Father and son rule with a firm
hand, but grandson Asoka discovers wars dont
make the man. Non-violence and no caste
system Becomes his new plan. The Gupta unites
India once again. Indias golden age soon
begins. Arabic numerals make math now base 10. Do
you believe in Buddha? Seeking love, truth, and
knowledge. Whats it to ya? Unselfish behavior
all the time. (Bomb Ba Bomba Chorus) Now I
know these chapter 6 facts, Ill be fine. By
Mr. Ingraham
10
China Song (Chapter 5)
Sung to The Adams Family
The Zhou claimed the mandate the peasant-farmers
cant wait to use their iron weapons to seal the
Shang dynastys fate. Roads, Dams,
Canals! Confucius says a guide for society is
just like anyones family. No matter what you
happen to be everyone has responsibility Courtesy
, Kindness, Charity! The Legalism of the Qin
Shi Huangdi says everyone should fear me. My
great wall shows my authority built upon the
peasants misery. Tears, Cruelty,
Punishment!
CSI07
11
China Song (Continued)


Sung to The Adams Family
The Han Gao Zu said he knew to be respected
keep the people true. No harsh law or treatment
cruel and all the people will follow
you. Trade, Exports, Profits! The Daoism is
taught by Emperor Wu Di to accept whatever life
gives to thee. Now cause and effect is
history and trade brings new technology. Wheelbar
row, seismograph, Paper! Ancient China always
tried to strive to keep the peasants working and
alive and every way each dynasty tried is all
contained in chapter five!!!!
CSI07
12
Mother of man - 3.2 million years ago
Lucy was discovered in 1974 by anthropologist
Professor Donald Johanson and his student Tom
Gray in a maze of ravines at Hadar in northern
Ethiopia. Johanson and Gray were out searching
the scorched terrain for animal bones in the
sand, ash and silt when they spotted a tiny
fragment of arm bone.
Discovery of a lifetime Johanson immediately
recognised it as belonging to a hominid. As they
looked up the slope, they saw more bone
fragments ribs, vertebrae, thighbones and a
partial jawbone.They eventually unearthed 47
bones of a skeleton - nearly 40 of a hominid, or
humanlike creature, that lived around 3.2
million years ago. Based on its small size, and
pelvic shape, they concluded it was female and
named it 'Lucy' after 'Lucy in the Sky with
Diamonds', the Beatles song playing on the radio
when Johanson and his team were celebrating the
discovery back at camp.
13
C. Spreading Through the World
Africa
Earliest Humans in the Rift Valley
200,000 years ago
14
Human Migration Begins
100,000 years ago
15
Middle East
Mesopotamia
Egypt
60,000 years ago
16
Asia
Europe
China
Mesopotamia
India
Egypt
50,000 years ago
17
Oceania
40,000 years ago
18
25,000 years ago
North America
1. The last Ice Age or long cold-weather period,
lowers the Sea Level and humans cross the land
bridge called Beringia to North America.
19
North America
2. Glaciers, or large moving ice sheets wore
down the land into huge areas of tundra, or large
treeless plains in the Artic regions.
25,000 years ago
20
South America
12,000 years ago
21
Tigris-Euphrates Valley
Huang He Valley
Middle America
Nile Valley
Indus Valley
Andean
Humans have now populated the entire Planet
Earth.
22
Natufians A Pre-Civilization Transitional
Advanced Society
Three weeks of gathering provides a familys
yearly supply of foods.
23
  • Hunters Gatherers The Beginning of Humankind
  • A. Earliest Humans hunted gathered in Africa.
  • B. Getting Food (migrating to survive)
  • 1. Experience taught the consequences, of eating
    certain animals or plants.
  • 2. Cooperated for basic needs of 20 people a.
    food b. clothing c. shelter
  • D. Early Cultures And Societies
  • 1. People in different areas develop their own
    culture, or unique way of life.
  • different clothing, shelters, art,
    beliefs, customs, language.
  • 2. As clans grow (50-100 members) a Division of
    Labor begins
  • members doing different tasks based on
    abilities and needs of the clan.
  • HOW DO WE KNOW? From Artifacts or objects early
    people made and left behind.
  • A. Controlling Nature (About 10,000 years ago)
  • 1. Larger (clans) societies began to shift
    from collecting to producing food.
  • 2. Women (gatherers) noticed seeds thrown
    away grew into plants.
  • 3. Agriculture the raising of
    domesticated plants and animals.
  • Benefits a. Reliable food source.
  • b. increased production of food..
  • c. more complex societies / division
    of labor.

S
24
USE WHAT YOU KNOW
The Beginning of Humankind Directions Look at
the list below and check those items that are
characteristics of culture. 1. ___ different
color of eyes 2. ___ different beliefs 3.
___ different clothing 4. ___ different
art 5. ___ different shelters 6.___
different skin color 7. ___ different color of
hair 8.___ different language 9. ___ different
customs 10. ___ different body features 11. ___
different interests DirectionsThere was a
revolutionary change in the way stone age peoples
got their food. List the two new ways stone age
people got their food. 12. _______________________
______________________________ 13.
__________________________________________________
___
SQ
25
Cradle of Civilization Vocabulary
  • MESOPOTAMIA
  • Barter- the exchange of one good or service for
    another.
  • Civilization a culture with well developed
    forms of government, religion, writing, and
    learning.
  • City-state- a city or village and the farm lands
    around it with its own leaders and government.
  • Conquer to take over the land of others.
  • Empire- a land of many conquered people and
    places governed by one ruler.
  • Emperor- the ruler of an empire.
  • Equal Justice- fair treatment under the law
    within each social class.
  • Government- an organized system that groups use
    to make laws and decisions.
  • Innovation- new ways of doing things.
  • Irrigation- To supply (dry land) with water by
    means of ditches, pipes, or streams.
  • Polytheistic- adj. Meaning believing in many
    gods.
  • Merchant- a person who buys and sells goods for a
    living
  • Monarchy- a government which has one person with
    complete right to rule in peacetime and in war.
  • Money economy- an economic system based on the
    use of money rather than on barter.
  • Monotheistic- adj. Meaning believing in only one
    god.
  • Scribe- a person who knows how to read and write.
  • Social class- groups within a civilization with
    different levels of importance.
  • Surplus- extra supply.

1
26
Cradle of Civilization Vocabulary
  • Artifact- A humanmade object representing a
    specific culture or group especially from long
    ago.
  • Archeology- The study of material remains, such
    as graves, tools, and pottery from past human
    life and culture.
  • Civilization a culture with well developed
    forms of government, religion, writing, and
    learning.
  • City-state- a city or village and the farm lands
    around it with its own leaders and government.
  • Conquer to take over the land of others.
  • Culture- A unique way of life that sets a group
    of people apart from others.
  • Dynasty- a set of rulers from the same family.
  • Empire- a land of many conquered people and
    places governed by one ruler.
  • Government- an organized system that groups use
    to make laws and decisions.
  • Irrigation- To supply (dry land) with water by
    means of ditches, pipes, or streams.
  • Migration- Movement of groups of people from one
    place to another.
  • Philosopher- A person who studies the meaning of
    life.
  • Polytheistic- adj. Meaning believing in many gods
  • Reincarnation- The belief that the soul lives on
    after death and returns to life in a new body.
  • Social class- groups within a civilization with
    different levels of importance.

1
27
5 minute Assessment Vocabulary
1b
  • 1. __ The study of material remains, such as
    graves, tools, and pottery from
  • past human life and culture is? a)
    artifact b) archeology
  • c) civilization d) culture
  • 2. ___ A culture with well developed forms of
    government, religion, writing
  • and learning is called a/an? a)
    artifact b) archeology c) civilization
  • d) culture
  • 3. ___ A city or village and the farm lands
    around it with its own leaders and
  • government is called a/an? a)
    city-state b) archeology c) conquer
  • d) culture
  • 4. ___ When one takes over the land of others
    this is called? a) artifact
  • b) archeology c) conquer d) culture
  • 5. ___ A set of rulers from the same family is
    known as? a) artifact b) empire
  • c) civilization d) dynasty

28
8 minute Assessment Vocabulary
  • 1. ___ What is land of many conquered people and
    places governed by one ruler called?
  • a) artifact b) empire c)
    civilization d) dynasty
  • 2. ___ An organized system that groups use to
    make laws and decisions is known
  • as? a) artifact b) irrigation c)
    government d) dynasty
  • 3. ___ To supply (dry land) with water by canals
    and streams is called a) dynasty b) irrigation
  • c) civilization d) migration
  • 4. ___ A person who studies the meaning of life
    is known as a/an? a) dynasty
  • b) irrigation c) philosopher d)
    reincarnation
  • 5. ___ What are a people called if they believe
    in many gods?
  • a) polytheistic b) social class c)
    philosopher d) reincarnation
  • 6. ___ What is the belief that after death and
    returns to life in a new body is called?
  • a) polytheistic b) social class
    c) philosopher d) reincarnation

1c
29
2
30
Asia
Black Sea
Caspian Sea
Taurus Mountains
Nineveh
Zagros Mountains
Tigris River
Mediterranean Sea
Assur
Mesopotamia
Babylon
Euphrates River
Ur
Persian Gulf
Jerusalem
Syrian Desert
Africa
CSI07
31
The Fertile Crescent Song
  • Let me tell you of a civilization Sung
    to the tune of The Brady Bunch
  • Sumer, Sumer was its name
  • It was between the Tigris and Euphrates,
  • but it was not alone.
  • There came along a mighty king,
  • Sargon, the Akkadian was the name.
  • He united all who feared him.
  • You join or youre insane.
  • Still later came King Hammurabi
  • With his mighty long code of laws.
  • Even later came the Assyrian Army
  • Led by Sennacherib the destroyer,
  • Who crushed and killed
  • And stole until the Persians came along and
    conquered him.

3
CSI07
32
Map Reading Skills
  • 1) Map Title -The subject of the projection or
    drawing of the Earth
  • 2) Map Key -An explanation of symbols or colors
    the map maker used.
  • 3) Compass Rose -A direction maker used to orient
    the representation.
  • 4) Map Scale -The distance represented of the
    real world.
  • 5) Inset Map -A smaller map either showing
    greater detail or another place not on the
    original map
  • 6) Grid - North-South lines (Longitude) combined
    with East-West lines (Latitude) sometimes forming
    squares on the representation.
  • 7) Physical Features - (natural features) Things
    that occur by nature or natural forces. (some
    examples rivers, lakes, mountains, deserts)
  • 8) Human Features - (man made features) Things
    that have been made by human activities. (some
    examples reservoirs, bridges, cities, boundaries)

CSI14
33
Map Reading Skills 5 minute assessment
4a
  • 1.___ The explanation of symbols or colors the
    map maker used is known as? a) word box b)
    representation explanation c) map title d) map
    key
  • 2. ___ The distance is represented of the real
    world using?

    a) map scale b) a
    compass rose c) physical features d) a line
    grid
  • 3. ___ A smaller map either showing greater
    detail or another place not on the original map
    is called? a) an outside map b) an extra map
    c) a inset map d) a physical map.
  • 4. ___ The North-South lines (Longitude) combined
    with East-West lines (Latitude) sometimes forming
    squares on the representation is called
    a) a web b) a grid c) demarcation lines d)
    boundary lines.
  • 5. ___ Things that occur by nature or natural
    forces are called?. a) human features b) map
    features c) key features d) physical features.

CSI14
34
Environment Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia River(s)Tigris
Euphrates Rivers ContinentAsia Landform(s)River
Valley Physical Features Mediterranean Sea, Red
Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf, Syrian
Desert, Taurus Zagros Mountains Climate Semi-
Arid Arid
35
Economy Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia Economic System(s)
Barter Surplus items wheat, barley, copper
tools Trading needs wood, salt, precious
stones, and raw copper Trading Partners Egypt
36
Religion Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia Type(s) Polytheism
Monotheism Name of Religion Polytheistic
-Unknown Monotheistic -Judaism,Christianity,
Islam Name of gods and attributed powers Enlil
-god of winds, storms rain Ea -god of water
wisdom Shamash -sun god Yahweh -Jewish God
Jesus-Christian god Allah - Muslim god Special
Religious leaders Abraham, Jesus Muhammad
Special beliefs gods of nature
37
Mesopotomia 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What continent is Ancient Mesopotamia in?
    a) Africa b) Asia c) Europe d) Oceania
  • 2. ___ What did the Mesopotamian merchants have
    in surplus?
  • a) corn, beans squash b) olives, grapes,
    wool
  • c) silk, apricots, iron bronze d) wheat,
    barley, copper tools.
  • 3.___ What did the Mesopotamians need?
  • a) wood, salt, precious stones, raw copper
    b) olives, grapes, wool
  • c) silk, apricots, iron bronze d) wheat,
    barley, copper tools
  • 4. ___ Who was Mesopotamias Trading Partner?
    a) Sumer b) India c) China
  • d) Egypt
  • 5. ___ What type of religion did most of the
    ancient Mesopotamians have?
  • a) monotheism b) polytheism c) Christianity
    d) monarchy.

7a
CSI14
38
Government Benchmark
Civilization Mesopotamia Type(s) Monarchy Title
of leader King Names of specific leader
contributions Who first united this
civilization?King Sargon Other Leaders King
Hammurabi - Taxation Laws (Code of
Hammurabi) Political Philosopher(s) and/or
Philosophy Other interesting Feature(s) or How
one assumes the authority of a leader? Leaders
we believed to be god-like (Strong War-like)
39
Mesopotomia 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What is the economic system of Ancient
    Mesopotamia? a) Trade b) Barter
  • c) Money Economy d) the ziggurat complex
  • 2. ___ What is the government system of Ancient
    Mesopotamia?
  • a) democracy b) republic c) monarchy d)
    dictatorship.
  • 3.___ Who first united the twelve independent
    city-states in Sumer?
  • a) King Narmer b) King Hammurabi c) King Zoser
    d) King Sargon
  • 4. ___ Who was responsible for taxation and a
    code of laws in ancient Mesopotamia?
  • a) King Narmer b) King Hammurabi c) King
    Sennacherib d) King Sargon
  • 5. ___ What did the ancient Mesopotamians believe
    about their rulers?
  • a) they were gods b) they had a mandate from
    heaven to rule
  • c) they were a dynasty of Christians d) they
    were god-like.

8a
CSI14
40
Technology Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia Name of Writing
SystemCuneiform Description of Writing System
Trianglar shapes over 1,000 symbols Description
of Writing tool(s)reed stylus Inventions and
their significance wheel-movement, dikes
canal-irrigation, cargo boats with sails
-trade Other Advances Iqu (acre) quart
-measurement
41
Mesopotomia 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What is the writing system of Ancient
    Mesopotamia called? a) hieroglyphics
  • b) pictographs c) cuneiform d) sanskrit.
  • 2. ___ How many triangular symbols were used in
    the writing system of Ancient Mesopotamia?
  • a) about 100 b) 500 c) 1,000 d) 3,000.
  • 3.___ What was one of the greatest inventions of
    ancient Sumer?
  • a) the wheel b) gun powder c) hieroglyphics d)
    retention basins.
  • 4. ___To control the Tigris Euphrates rivers
    the farmers of Mesopotamia used?
  • a) the wheel and the wheeled cart b) monarchy
    taxation c) dikes canals
  • d) peasants slaves.
  • 5. ___ What were two invention that helped trade
    in ancient Mesopotamia?
  • a) the plow canals b) the quart boats
    with sails c) taxation monarchy
  • d) agriculture specialization.

9a
CSI14
42
Cradle of Civilization Vocabulary 2
  • Arabic numerals - The base ten number system
    using 1-9 zero.
  • Aryans - The warriors herders who migrated to
    India about 1500 BCE.
  • Caste - An unchanging group within the society of
    India.
  • Missionary - religious teachers who carry
    religious ideas to other places.
  • Obelisk - An ancient pillar-like monument made of
    a single stone.
  • papyrus- A paper-like material made of the stalks
    of the papyrus plant.
  • pharaoh- A Egyptian ruler thought to be the son
    of Ra (the sun god).
  • Pyramid - A tomb for an Egyptian ruler or noble.
  • Rajah - A prince who ruled over the wealthy
    city-states of India
  • hieroglyphics The system of Egyptian picture
    writing.
  • Inoculation - Giving a person a mild form of a
    disease to prevent a more serious form.
  • Sanskrit - The holy language of the Aryans.
  • silt- Fine bits of rocks and soil deposited after
    a river overflows its banks.
  • Turning point - A time of important change in
    ones life.
  • peasant A poor farmer who works the land.
  • annex- To take over the lands of others.
  • Dynasty- a set of rulers from the same family.
  • Empire - A land of many conquered peoples
    places ruled by one ruler.
  • Emperor - The ruler of an Empire

11
43
5 minute Assessment Vocabulary
1z
  • 1. __ An ancient pillar-like monument made of a
    single stone.
  • a) papyrus b) inoculation c) obelisk d)
    hieroglyphics
  • 2. __ A paper-like material made of the stalks of
    the papyrus plant.
  • a) papyrus b) silt c) obelisk d) hieroglyphics
  • 3. __A Egyptian ruler thought to be the son of Ra
    (the sun god).
  • papyrus b) pharaoh c) obelisk d) hieroglyphic
  • 4. ___A tomb for an Egyptian ruler or noble.
  • a) papyrus b) obelisk c) pyramid d)
    hieroglyphics
  • 5.___The system of Egyptian picture writing.
  • a) papyrus b) inoculation c) obelisk d)
    hieroglyphics
  • 6. ___Fine bits of rocks and soil deposited after
    a river overflows its banks.
  • a) papyrus b) silt c) obelisk d) hieroglyphics
  • 1. __

44
5 minute Assessment Vocabulary
1y
1. ___A poor farmer who works the land is called
a/an? a) annex b) scribe c) merchant d)
peasant. 2. ___To take over the lands of others
is? a) annex b) mandate c) edict d)
dynasty 3. ___a set of rulers from the same
family is known as a/an? a) merchants guild b)
mandate of family c) edict of authority d)
dynasty. 4. ___ The ruler of an Empire is known
as a/an? a) king b) pharaoh c) dynasty d)
emperor 5. ___ A group merchants who work
together to buy and sell crops or goods a)
merchants barter system b) trading network c)
caravan route d) silk road.
45
5 minute Assessment Vocabulary
1x
1. ___The base ten number system using 1-9
zero is called the? a) Arabic numerals b)
Barter number system c) Common numbers d)
Dynasty system. 2. ___The warriors herders
who migrated to India about 1500 BCE are the? a)
Egyptians b) Harappans c) Aryans d) The
Kushites. 3. ___ An unchanging group within the
society of India is known as a/an? a) Aryan b)
Rajah c) Caste d) Obelisk. 4. ___ Religious
teachers who carry religious ideas to other
places. a) Rajahs b) Missionaries c) Monks
d) Priests 5. ___A prince who ruled over the
wealthy city-states of India is called? a) Aryan
b) Rajah c) Caste d) Obelisk. 6. ___Giving a
person a mild form of a disease to prevent a more
serious form is called? a) migration b)
innovation c) caste system d) inoculation.
  • 1. __

46
5 minute Assessment Vocabulary
1w
1. ___ The holy language of the Aryans is
called? a) Hieroglyphics b) Sanskrit c)
Cuneiform d) Pictographs. 2. ___ A time of
important change in ones life is called the? a)
climax b) turning point c) rising action d)
problem solving. 3. ____ The holy book of the
religion of Hinduism is? a) the Torah b) The
Gospels c) the Vedas d) the Bible. 4. ___ A
written message is also called a/an? a)
scribe b) inscription c) edict d) mandate. 5.
___The belief that the soul lives on after death
and returns to life in a new body. a)
afterlife b) annexment c) reincarnation d)
near death experience.
  • 1. __

47
Mesopotamia
  • The Fertile Crescent- the land between the Tigris
    and Euphrates Rivers.
  • 1) Villages became cities and societies
    became more complex
  • 2) Cultures form Civilizations- society with
    developed under one
  • Government, Religious belief, writing system,
    and Learning
  • A/F. New Inventions Innovations
  • canals, dikes, wheel, cart, domestication of
    animals, igu (acre), cargo ships with sails,
    quart, cuneiform
  • E. Changing Economy
  • 1) About 3000 B.C. Sumerian city-state of Ur
    had 30,000 people.
  • 2) Successful agriculture surplus, or extra
    supply (of food). Therefore
  • a) not everyone had to grow or find food.
  • b) This allowed a division of labor. Besides
    farmers, there were managers, craftworkers,
    and merchants.
  • 3) Merchants or people who bought and sold goods
    for a living.
  • They traded surplus wheat, barley, and
    copper tools for wood, salt,
  • precious stones, raw copper.

48
  • F. Divisions in Society
  • 1) Social Classes groups with different levels
    of importance
  • King
  • Nobles Priests Leaders
  • Middle Class
  • Merchants, craft workers, carpenters, potters,
    bricklayers, scribes
  • 2) Scribe, or a person who could write, kept
    records, wrote letters for
  • others, copied songs, stories.
  • Lowest Class
  • Laborers, Unskilled workers, and
    Slaves
  • 3) Men owned most of the property held
    positions of leadership.
  • A. Causes and Effects of Conflict.
  • 1) Because the city-states grew in size and
    population, agricultural
  • societies wage war to protect farmland
    water rights.
  • 2) Because the Tigris Euphrates river valley
    is flat with no natural
  • boundaries, city-states put up pillars.
  • 3) Because powerful city-states destroy or move
    the pillars, more wars are
  • fought.
  • 4) Because more wars are being fought, new
    technology or better weapons

E2
49

War Peace in the Fertile Crescent
  • B. Sargon the Conqueror
  • 1) The Warrior Sargon from the city-state of
    Kish.
  • 2) He established a vast empire, or a
    conquered land of many peoples and
  • places governed by one ruler, or
    emperor.
  • a) built a capital city called Akkad
    and ruled for 55 years.
  • b) maintained a standing army.
  • c) appointed loyal nobles to maintain
    control of all 12 city-states
  • C. Hammurabi the Lawgiver
  • 1) Hammurabi becomes king of the city-state of
    Babylon.
  • 2) He promoted trade by building dikes and
    canals and established taxation
  • payments in crops or other goods.
  • 3) Hammurabis most important contribution was
    the laws, given to
  • him by the sun god, Shamash, called the
    Code of Hammurabi (282 laws)
  • a) The code said that whoever caused an
    injury should be punished
  • by being given that same injury.
  • b) Equal Justice, or fair treatment was limited
    to equality within each social class.

E3
50
Religious Philosophical Thinking of Mesopotamia
  • Code of Hammurabi 282 laws providing equal
    justice.
  • Teaches An eye for an eye and a tooth for a
    tooth.
  • Ten Commandments a set of laws given to Moses
    for
  • responsible behavior for Judaism.
  • Teaches To obey one god and how to live justly
    and keep families strong.
  • Polytheism of the Ancient Mesopotamians Many
    gods of nature
  • Teaches If bad things happen the gods are angry
    if good thing happen they arent.
  • Judaism The religion of the Jewish people based
    on the belief of the one god, Yahweh.
  • Teaches Gods good qualities must be imitated by
    his people.
  • Islam The religion of the Muslims based on the
    belief of the one god, Allah.
  • Teaches Muslim must submit to gods will and
    follow the Quran and Muhammads example.
  • Christianity a religion based to the life and
    teaching of
  • Jesus Christ, a Jewish Rabi.
  • Teaches To love your neighbor as yourself.

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51
Early Egypt Song Sung to Mary has a
little Lamb The Nile River gives Egypt
life Water for the crops And fertile silt King
Narmer unites us all Upper and lower Egypt Our
pharaoh is the son of Ra Pharaoh Zoser asked
Imhotep To build a pyramid For his tomb and
decorate it with Hieroglyphics and
gold. Amenemhet becomes the pharaoh He conquers
Nubia and Kush is tamed. Merchants and
craftworkers Form the middle class. Pharaoh
Thutmose crushed the Hyksos. Egypt extends to
the Fertile Crescent But Amenhotep and
Nefertiti Want all to worship the one god,
Aton, But the boy King Tut changes that (and
thats a chapter three fact.) By
Mr. Ingraham
52
(No Transcript)
53
Environment Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia River(s)Tigris
Euphrates Rivers ContinentAsia Landform(s)River
Valley Physical Features Mediterranean Sea, Red
Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf, Syrian
Desert, Taurus Zagros Mountains Climate Semi-
Arid Arid
CivilizationEgypt River(s)Nile ContinentAfrica
Landform(s)River Valley Physical Features Nile
Delta, Mediterranean Sea Red Sea, Sahara Desert,
Nubian Desert, Eastern Desert, Libyan
Desert. Climate Arid
54
Economy Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia Economic System(s)
Barter Surplus items wheat, barley, copper
tools Trading needswood, salt, precious stones,
and raw copper Trading Partners Egypt
CivilizationEgypt Economic System(s)
Barter Surplus items wheat, barley, sheep,
goats, cotton, jewelry Trading needs gold,
copper, cedar pine timber, animal tusks,
hardwoods (Ebony) Trading Partners Mesopotamia
Nubia
55
III. Social Classes of Mesopotamia
Egypt Groups within a society with
different levels of importance.
E6
  • Interesting Facts
  • Slaves were debtors,
  • criminals, prisoners of war.
  • 2) The Egyptians invented a 365 day calendar
    divided the year into three parts
  • a) Inundation spring flooding of the
    Nile River
  • deposits silt or fine bits of rock soil
  • b) Emergence plow plant (the plants
    appear)
  • c) Drought water harvest the crops

Pharaoh
or King
Priests Nobles
MIDDLE CLASS Merchants, Scribes,
Craftworkers
Unskilled Laborers Peasant Farmers Slaves
CSI10
56
Religion Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia Type(s) Polytheism
Monotheism Name of Religion Polytheistic
-Unknown Monotheistic -Judaism,Christianity,
Islam Name of gods and attributed powers Enlil
-god of winds, storms rain Ea -god of water
wisdom Shamash -sun god Yahweh -Jewish God
Jesus-Christian god Allah - Muslim god Special
Religious leaders Abraham, Jesus Muhammad
Special beliefs gods of nature
CivilizationEgypt Type(s) Polytheism
Montheism Name of Religion Unknown Name of gods
and attributed powers Amon-Ra the sun god,
Osiris taught farming. Horus, falcon god , Isis
-wife of Horus. Aton -the one all powerful
god Special Religious leaders There was an
Afterlife (Ra was born died each day) Special
beliefs Pharaoh was son of the sun god
57
Egypt 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What continent is Ancient Egypt in? a)
    Africa b) Asia c) Europe d) Oceania
  • 2. ___ What did the Egyptian merchants have in
    surplus?
  • a) corn, beans squash b) olives, grapes,
    wool
  • c) silk, apricots, iron bronze d) wheat,
    barley, fine jewelry.
  • 3.___ What did the Egyptians need?
  • a) wood, salt, precious stones, raw copper
    b) olives, grapes, wool
  • c) cedar, pine, animal tusks d) silk,
    apricots, iron bronze
  • 4. ___ Who was Egypts Trading Partner? a)
    Sumer b) India c) China
  • d) Mesopotamia
  • 5. ___ What type of religion did the ancient
    Egyptians have?
  • a) monotheism b) polytheism c) Christianity
    d) monotheism polytheism.

7a
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Government Benchmark
Civilization Mesopotamia Type(s) Monarchy Title
of leader King Names of specific leader
contributions Who first united this
civilization?King Sargon Other Leaders King
Hammurabi - Taxation Laws (Code of
Hammurabi) Political Philosopher(s) and/or
Philosophy Other interesting Feature(s) or How
one assumes the authority of a leader? Leaders
we believed to be god-like (Strong War-like)
  • CivilizationEgypt
  • Type(s)Monarchy
  • Title of leader Pharaoh
  • Names of specific leader contributions
  • Who first united this civilization? King Narmer
  • Other Leaders
  • Pharaoh Zoser had 1st pyramid built
  • Queen Hatshepsut becomes pharaoh
  • Pharaoh Amenhotep IV ( Akhenaton) worships the
    one god Aton.
  • Pharaoh Tutankhamen (King Tut) returns
    polytheism.
  • Political Philosopher(s) and/or Philosophy
  • Other interesting Feature(s) or How one assumes
    the authority of a leader?
  • Being born in the ruling dynasty

59
Egypt 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What is the economic system of Ancient
    Egypt? a) Trade b) Barter
  • c) Money Economy d) the ziggurat complex
  • 2. ___ What is the government system of Ancient
    Egypt?
  • a) democracy b) republic c) monarchy d)
    dictatorship.
  • 3.___ Who first united the upper lower Kingdoms
    of Egypt?
  • a) King Narmer b) King Hammurabi c) King Zoser
    d) King Sargon
  • 4. ___ Who was responsible for the belief in the
    one god Aton?
  • a) King Narmer b) Amenhotep c) Hatshepsut d)
    King Tut
  • 5. ___ What did the ancient Egyptians believe
    about their rulers?
  • a) they were sons of Ra b) they had a mandate
    from heaven to rule
  • c) they belonged to one royal dynasty d) they
    were god-like.

8a
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Technology Benchmark
CivilizationMesopotamia Name of Writing
SystemCuneiform Description of Writing System
Trianglar shapes over 1,000 symbols Description
of Writing tool(s)reed stylus Inventions and
their significance wheel-movement, dikes
canal-irrigation, cargo boats with sails
-trade Other Advances Iqu (acre) quart
-measurement
Papyrus
CivilizationEgypt Name of Writing System
Hieroglyphics Description of Writing System 700
picture symbols Description of Writing tool(s)
reed dipped in soot Inventions and their
significance Retention basins -irrigation, 365
day calendar, mummification -preservation Stone
pyramids -tombs Other Advances
61
Egypt 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What is the writing system of Ancient Egypt
    called? a) hieroglyphics
  • b) pictographs c) cuneiform d) sanskrit.
  • 2. ___ How many picture symbols were used in the
    writing system of Ancient Egypt?
  • a) about 100 b) 500 c) 700 d) 1,000.
  • 3.___ What was one of the greatest inventions of
    ancient Egypt?
  • a) the wheel b) gun powder c) a 365 day
    calendar d) dikes canals.
  • 4. ___What else did the Egyptians use to control
    the Nile besides dikes, canals?
  • a) great stone dams b) monarchy taxation c)
    retention basins
  • d) peasants slaves.
  • 5. ___ What were two inventions proved the
    Egyptian belief in an afterlife?
  • a) the plow canals b) pyramids
    mummification c) trading networks monarchy
  • d) agriculture boats with sails.

15a
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(No Transcript)
63
Indias Chapter 6 Song
The Aryans migrate South Through the mountain
pass of Hindu Kush. Into the Indus Valley Using
their horses to fight for land. Believing in
Hinduisms reincarnation means rebirth. The next
lifes social position show your worth, But now
your caste is unchanging. So dont associate with
the low one. Being an Untouchable is no
fun!!!! Unless youre a believer in Buddha and
seek love, truth, and knowledge. Whats it to
ya? Unselfish behavior all the time. (Bomb Ba
Bomba Chorus) Now I know these chapter 6 facts,
Ill be fine. By Mr. Ingraham
Sung to Meet the Flintstones
64
Indias Chapter 6 (Song verse
2)
The Rajahs rule the Indian city-states Until a
young Chandragupta Maurya, Like the Qin Shi
Huangdi the young Chandraguptas known for
cruelty. Father and son rule with a firm
hand, but grandson Asoka discovers wars dont
make the man. Non-violence and no caste
system Becomes his new plan. The Gupta unites
India once again. Indias golden age soon
begins. Arabic numerals make math now base 10. Do
you believe in Buddha? Seeking love, truth, and
knowledge. Whats it to ya? Unselfish behavior
all the time. (Bomb Ba Bomba Chorus) Now I
know these chapter 6 facts, Ill be fine. By
Mr. Ingraham
16a
65
Environment Benchmark
Civilization India River(s) Indus Ganges
Rivers Continent Asia Landform(s)River
Valley Physical Features Himalayas, Hindu Kush,
Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, And
Island of Sri Lanka Climate Tropical Wet,
Semi-Arid, Tropical Wet Dry, Humid
Subtropical, and Arid
66
Economy Benchmark
Civilization India Economic System(s) Barter
Money Economy Surplus items barley, goats,
sheep, cattle, spices, cloth, carpets,
jewelry. Trading needsArabian horses, dried
fruits, precious stones, silk, corals, perfumes,
and velvets Trading Partners Mesopotamia,
Egypt, China
67
India 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What continent is Ancient India in? a)
    Africa b) Asia c) Europe d) Oceania
  • 2. ___ What did the merchants of India have in
    surplus?
  • a) spices, cloth, carpets jewelry b) olives,
    grapes, wool
  • c) silk, apricots, iron bronze d) wheat,
    barley, fine jewelry.
  • 3.___ What did the people of India need?
  • a) wood, salt, precious stones, raw copper
    b) olives, grapes, wool
  • c) cedar, pine, animal tusks d) silk,
    perfumes, dried fruit, horses
  • 4. ___ Who was Indias Trading Partner? a)
    Sumer Nubia b) Asia c) Europe Asia
  • d) Mesopotamia, Egypt, China
  • 5. ___ Who were the people who migrated to India
    in 1500 BCE.?
  • a) Harappans b) Aryans c) Asians d)
    Mesopotamians.

16a
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Religion Benchmark
CivilizationIndia Type(s)Hinduism Polytheistic
Buddhism No God Name of ReligionHinduism
Buddhism Name of gods and attributed
powers Brahma -the Creator Vishnu -the
Preserver Shiva- the Destroyer Special Religious
leaders Siddhartha Gautama - Buddha Special
beliefs Hinduism reincarnation (Caste
System) Buddhism Seek love, truth, knowledge
with a calm mind unselfish behavior
69
The Caste System Indias Society
20a
70
Government Benchmark
CivilizationIndia Type(s) Monarchy Title of
leader (Rajahs) Emperor Names of specific
leader contributions Who first united this
civilization?Chandragupta Maurya
(Legalism) Other Leaders Asoka Maurya turning
point-became Buddhist Chandragupta I (Guptas)
Golden Age Political Philosopher(s) and/or
Philosophy Arthashastra (legalism)
Buddhism Other interesting Feature(s) or How one
assumes the authority of a leader? Being a Good
Military Leader Born in the right Caste
(Society is like the body)
71
Technology Benchmark
Civilization India Name of Writing
SystemSanskrit Description of Writing System
(54) 108 flowing characters Description of
Writing tool(s)stylus Inventions and their
significance Arabic numerals (base 10
mathematics), Inoculation, set broken bones,
skin grafting sterilization (medicine), Other
Advances Panchatantra (folktales)
72
India 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What is the writing system of Ancient India
    called? a) hieroglyphics
  • b) pictographs c) cuneiform d) sanskrit.
  • 2. ___ How many picture symbols were used in the
    writing system of Ancient India?
  • a) about 26 b) 108 c) 500 d) 1,000.
  • 3.___ What was one of the greatest inventions of
    ancient India?
  • a) Arabric numerals b) gun powder c) a 365 day
    calendar d) silk.
  • 4. ___What did the doctors of India use to
    control sickness?
  • a) irrigation specialization b) inoculation
    sterilization c) isolation bone setting
  • d) peasants slaves.
  • 5. ___ What is the greatest belief of Hinduism?
  • a) irrigation b) mummification c)
    reincarnation d) the caste system.

19a
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(No Transcript)
74
Cradle of Civilization Vocabulary 3
  • Ambassador - A representative of a government
    sent to another country.
  • Ancestors - Ones dead relatives farther back
    than grandparents.
  • Bureaucracy - A network of appointed government
    officials, who govern day to day.
  • Caravan - A group of traveling merchants or
    traders.
  • Civil Service - The system where officials earned
    their job by scoring well on tests.
  • Civil War - When people of the same country fight
    against each other.
  • Confucianism - The teachings of Confucius wrote
    down in a book called the Analects.
  • Daoism - The idea that the key to long life and
    happiness is to accept life as it is.
  • Export - To send out a countrys goods to be sold
    in other places.
  • Import - To bring in goods or items from other
    places.
  • Heritage - A set of ideas that has been passed
    down from one generation to another.
  • Legalism - The idea that people will obey out of
    fear of punishment and not out of respect.
  • Mandate - the authority or permission to rule.
  • Militia - An group of volunteer soldiers
  • Money Economy - A economic system based on the
    use of an accepted valuable (money).
  • Oracle - A person who gives wise advice.
  • paper- A pliable substance made of tree pulp or
    vegetable matter.
  • philosopher- A person who studies the meaning of
    life
  • Profit - the money made after the cost of an item
    is subtracted.

22
75
5 minute assessment
22a
  • 1. ___ A person who studies the meaning of life
    a) monarch
  • b) buddhist c) oracle d) philosopher.
  • 2. ___ The teachings of Confucius wrote down in a
    book called the
  • Analects a) Legalism b) Buddhism
    c) Confucianism d) Daoism
  • 3. ___The idea that the key to long life and
    happiness is to accept life as
  • it is. a) Legalism b) Buddhism c)
    Confucianism d) Daoism .
  • 4. ___ Ones dead relatives farther back than
    grandparents are known as
  • a/an? a) ancestor b) monarch c)
    oracle d) philosopher.
  • 5. ___ A person who gives wise advice. a)
    monarch b) buddhist
  • c) oracle d) philosopher.
  • 6. ___ The idea that people will obey out of fear
    of punishment and not
  • out of respect. a) Legalism b) Buddhism
    c) Confucianism
  • d) Daoism .
  • 7. ___ A set of ideas that has been passed down
    from one generation to
  • another is? a) mandate b)
    heritage c) civil service d) daoism.
  • 8. ___ The roles or duties of each member of a
    society are called?
  • a) virtues b) public works c)
    specialization d) responsibilities.

76
8 minute Assessment
22b
  • 1. ___ The authority or permission to rule. a)
    mandate b) heritage
  • c) civil service d) dynasty.
  • 2. ___ A synonym meaning good qualities is known
    as?
  • a) responsibilities b) virtues c)
    civil service d) doaism.
  • 3. ___ The system where officials earned their
    job by scoring well on
  • tests. a) ambassador b) bureaucracy c)
    civil service
  • d) public work
  • 4. ___ A representative of a government sent to
    another country.
  • a) ambassador b) bureaucracy c) civil
    service d) public works
  • 5. ___ A network of appointed government
    officials, who govern day to
  • day? a) ambassador b) bureaucracy
    c) civil service
  • d) public work.
  • 6. ___ The structures built by the governments
    for everyones use.
  • a) ambassador b) bureaucracy c) civil
    service d) public work
  • 7. ___ A group of volunteer soldiers are known
    as a) a legion
  • b) military c) army d) militia
  • 8. ___ When people of the same country fight
    against each other is
  • called a) Civil Service b) Civil
    War c) Standardization d) Militia.

77
8 minute Assessment
22c
  • 1. ___ Chinese drawings which are combined to
    make thousands of
  • words are called? a) paper b)
    papyrus c) pictographs
  • d) hieroglyphics.
  • 2. ___ A economic system based on the use of an
    accepted valuable
  • (money)? a) import b) barter c)
    export d) money economy.
  • 3. ___ The money made after the cost of an item
    is subtracted is called?
  • a) trading network b) barter c)
    caravan d) profit.
  • 4. ___ A group of traveling merchants or traders
    is known as?
  • a) trading network b) barter c) caravan
    d) profit.
  • 5. ___ To send out a countrys goods to be sold
    in other places.
  • a) import b) barter c) export d) money
    economy
  • 6. ___ To bring in goods or items from other
    places.
  • a) import b) barter c) export d) money
    economy
  • 7. ___ A pliable substance made of tree pulp or
    vegetable matter is?
  • a) paper b) papyrus c) pictographs d)
    hieroglyphics.
  • 8. ___ The making of similar items alike and
    interchangeable.
  • a) Sterilization b) Specialization c)
    Standardization d) Inoculation.

78
China 5 minute assessment
  • ___ A representative of a government sent to
    another country is
  • called a/an?
  • a) ancestor b) bureaucracy c) caravan d)
    ambassador.
  • 2. ___ Ones dead relatives farther back than
    grandparents are known
  • as? a) ancestor b) bureaucracy c) caravan d)
    ambassador.
  • 3. ___ A network of appointed government
    officials, who govern day to
  • day operations of a government
  • a) ancestor b) bureaucracy c) caravan d)
    ambassador.
  • 4. ___ A group of traveling merchants or traders
    is called?
  • a) a trading networks b) nomads c) caravan
    d) merchant guild.
  • 5. ___The system where officials earned their
    job by scoring well on tests is called?
  • a) civil war b) bureaucracy c) civil
    service d) public work.
  • 6. ___ When people of the same country fight
    against each other.
  • a) civil war b) bureaucracy c) civil
    service d) public work.

15s
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China 5 minute assessment
1. ___ A person who studies the meaning of life
is called? a) philosopher b) oracle c)
emperor d) pharaoh. 2. ___The idea that people
will obey out of fear of punishment and not out
of respect. a) legalism b) monotheism
c) confucianism d) daoism. 3. ___ The
teachings of Confucius wrote down in a book
called the Analects a) legalism b) monotheism
c) confucianism d) daoism. 4. ___ The idea
that the key to long life and happiness is to
accept life as it is. a) legalism b)
monotheism c) confucianism d) daoism. 5. ___
To send out a countrys goods to be sold in other
places is called? a) barter b) trade c) import
d) export. 6. ___ To bring in goods or items
from other places is known as? a) barter b)
trade c) import d) export. 7. ___ A set of
ideas that has been passed down from one
generation to another is called? a) heritage
b) epics c) culture d) government. 8. ___ The
authority or permission to rule is called
a/an? a) monarchy b) mandate c) oligarchy d)
democracy.
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China 5 minute assessment
  • ___ A economic system based on the use of an
    accepted
  • valuable item is? a) trading economy
    b) barter economy
  • c) money economy d) standardization.
  • 2. ___ The money made after the cost of an item
    is subtracted is
  • called? a) surplus b) profit c) income
  • d) gross national profit.
  • 3. ___ A pliable substance made of tree pulp or
    vegetable matter is?
  • a) paper b) papyrus c) card board d)
    plastic.
  • 4. ___ An group of volunteer soldiers is called
    a?
  • a) legion b) militia c) troop d) phalanx.
  • 5. ___ The making of similar items alike and
    interchangeable is
  • known as? a) specialization b)
    standardization
  • c) innovation d) inoculation.

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China 5 minute assessment
  • ___ Structures built by the governments for
    everyones use are
  • called? a) public works b) public
    property c) civil property
  • d) civil service.
  • 2. ___ Chinese drawing which are combined to make
    thousands of
  • words are called? a) hieroglyphics b)
    sanskrit
  • c) cuneiform d) pictographs.
  • 3. ___ A person who gives wise advice is a/an?
  • a) philosopher b) oracle c) priest d)
    ambassador.
  • 4. ___ The roles or duties of each member of a
    society are called?
  • a) culture b) division of labor c)
    responsibilities
  • d) specialization.
  • 5. ___ A synonym meaning good qualities is?
  • a) grace b) virtues c) kindness d) daoism.

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China Song (Chapter 5)
Sung to The Adams Family
The Zhou claimed the mandate the peasant-farmers
cant wait to use their iron weapons to seal the
Shang dynastys fate. Roads, Dams,
Canals! Confucius says a guide for society is
just like anyones family. No matter what you
happen to be everyone has responsibility Courtesy
, Kindness, Charity! The Legalism of the Qin
Shi Huangdi says everyone should fear me. My
great wall shows my authority built upon the
peasants misery. Tears, Cruelty,
Punishment!
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China Song (Continued)


Sung to The Adams Family
The Han Gao Zu said he knew to be respected
keep the people true. No harsh law or treatment
cruel and all the people will follow
you. Trade, Exports, Profits! The Daoism is
taught by Emperor Wu Di to accept whatever life
gives to thee. Now cause and effect is
history and trade brings new technology. Wheelbar
row, seismograph, Paper! Ancient China always
tried to strive to keep the peasants working and
alive and every way each dynasty tried is all
contained in chapter five!!!!
CSI07
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Environment Benchmark
Civilization India River(s) Indus Ganges
Rivers Continent Asia Landform(s)River
Valley Physical Features Himalayas, Hindu Kush,
Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, And
Island of Sri Lanka Climate Tropical Wet,
Semi-Arid, Tropical Wet Dry, Humid
Subtropical, and Arid
Civilization China River(s) Huang He Chang
Jiang Rivers Continent Asia Landform(s)River
Valley Physical Features Himalayas, Gobi Desert,
Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China
Sea, Climate Highland, Arid,Semi-Arid, Humid
Subtropical, Humid Continental, and Tropical wet
dry
85
Economy Benchmark
Civilization India Economic System(s) Barter
Money Economy Surplus items spices,
cloth,carpets, jewelry. Trading needsArabian
horses, dried fruits, precious stones, silk,
corals, perfumes, and velvets Trading Partners
Mesopotamia, Egypt, China
CivilizationChina Economic System(s) Barter and
Money Economy Surplus items Silk, apricots,
iron, bronze goods Trading needs Gold, Ivory,
Wool, linen, grapevines, horses Trading
Partners India, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece,
Rome
86
China 5 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What continent is Ancient China in? a)
    Africa b) Asia c) Europe d) Oceania
  • 2. ___ What did the merchants of China have in
    surplus?
  • a) spices, cloth, carpets jewelry b) olives,
    grapes, wool
  • c) silk, apricots, iron bronze goods d)
    wheat, barley, fine jewelry.
  • 3.___ What did the people of China need?
  • a) wood, salt, precious stones, raw copper
    b) gold, ivory, wool, linen, grapevines
    horses
  • c) cedar, pine, animal tusks d) silk,
    perfumes, dried fruit, horses
  • 4. ___ Who was Chinas Trading Partner? a)
    Sumer Nubia b) Kush Persia c) Africa Asia
  • d) Mesopotamia, Egypt, India
  • 5. ___ What are the mountains that separate and
    isolate China from India?
  • a) The Harappans Mountains b) The Aryan
    Mountains c) The Hindu Kush Mountains
  • d) The Himalayas Mountains.

24a
CSI14
87
Religion Benchmark
CivilizationIndia Type(s)Polytheistic Name of
ReligionHinduism Buddhism Name of gods and
attributed powers Brahma -the Creator Vishnu
-the Preserver Shiva- the Destroyer Special
Religious leaders Siddhartha Gautama -
Buddha Special beliefs reincarnation (Caste
System)
CivilizationChina Type(s)Polytheistic Name of
ReligionAncestor worship Name of gods and
attributed powers Ao Ch'in Dragon God
responsible for the Southern Ocean Ao Kuang
Dragon God responsible for the Eastern Ocean Ao
Jun Dragon God responsible for the Western Ocean
Ao Shun Dragon God responsible for the Northern
Ocean Ch'ang-o (aka Heng-o) Goddess of the Moon
and wife of Shen I. Shen I The Archer God of
the Sun Chango-o Husban Chih-Nii (aka Chih
Nu) Goddess of crafts clouds. Rules Over
Handcrafts, rain. Special Religious leaders
Oracle Special beliefs relatives were guides
Oracle bones
88
Government Benchmark
CivilizationIndia Type(s) Monarchy Title of
leader (Rajahs) Emperor Names of specific
leader contributions Who first united this
civilization?Chandragupta Maurya
(Legalism) Other Leaders Asoka Maurya turning
point-became Buddhist Chandragupta I (Guptas)
Golden Age Political Philosopher(s) and/or
Philosophy Arthashastra (legalism)
Buddhism Other interesting Feature(s) or How one
assumes the authority of a leader? Being a Good
Military Leader Born in the right Caste
(Society is like the body)
CivilizationChina Type(s)Monarchy Title of
leaderEmperor Names of specific leader
contributions Who first united this
civilization?Qin Shi Huangdi Other Leaders Liu
Bang (peasant) Han Gau Zu Legalism
Confucianism Wu Di Civil Service Political
Philosopher(s) and/or PhilosophyLegalism (cruel
treatment), Confucianism (Good example) Daoism
(accept life as it is) Other interesting
Feature(s) or How one assumes the authority of a
leader? Mandate of heaven
89
Technology Benchmark
Civilization India Name of Writing
SystemSanskrit Description of Writing System
(54) 108 flowing characters Description of
Writing tool(s)stylus Inventions and their
significance Arabic numerals (base 10
mathematics), Inoculation, set broken bones,
skin grafting sterilization (medicine), Other
Advances Panchatantra (folktales)
CivilizationChina Name of Writing System
Pictographs Description of Writing System5,000
symbols Description of Writing tool(s) small
brush Inventions and their significance wheel
barrow (heavy loads), Seismograph (earthquakes),
Paper Printing (communication), Crossbow Gun
powder (warfare), fireworks (communication). Oth
er Advances compass, ships rudder
90
China 6 minute assessment
  • 1.___ What is the writing system of
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