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WMO

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Adebayo Y Last modified by: helpdesk Created Date: 9/24/2004 2:24:24 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WMO


1
WMOS CONTRIBUTION TO NATURAL DISASTER RISK
REDUCTION by Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Chief of
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation World
Meteorological Organization (14 December 2004)
2
Agenda
  • Background on World Meteorological Organization
    (WMO)
  • Structure and Dynamics
  • WMOs activities in Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Examples of projects

3
Global Distribution of Natural Hazards (1993-2002)
Near 90 of natural disasters were caused by
Weather-, Climate- and Water-related hazards.
4
Evolution of Natural Disasters and Their impacts
(source CRED)
5
WMO Provides Scientific and Technical Knowledge
Base Critical to all Stages of Disaster Reduction
  • Observing
  • Detecting and Monitoring
  • Forecast and early warnings (next hour to
    longer timescales)
  • Vulnerability analysis and risk assessment
  • Applications (agriculture, water resources,
    health, etc.)

Response
Recovery
Preparedness
6
Natural Hazards and Their Changing Patterns
7
WMO Global and National Network
8
WMO Network of Global and Specialized Regional
Centres
9
WMO Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
Programme (DPM)
  • Fourteenth WMO Congress (May 2003) initiated WMO
    major programme on Natural Disaster Prevention
    and Mitigation (building on all relevant WMO
    Programmes and activities) as a crosscutting
    programme to enhance international cooperation
    and collaboration in the field of natural
    disaster activities

10
WMO - Strategic Goals in Natural Disaster
Reduction
  • Goal 1 Promote Greater emphasis on prevention
    and preparedness
  • Goal 2 Optimal integration of WMO core
    capabilities, particularly relevant to risk
    assessment and early warnings, for enhanced
    disaster risk reduction, via user-driven approach
  • Goal 3 Strengthen the role of NMHSs as a
    critical component of national disaster reduction
    platforms, particularly in the developing
    countries
  • Goal 4 Demonstrate benefits of early warning
    systems (1/7)
  • Goal 5 Strengthen Partnerships with disaster
    risk reduction community at all levels

11
Examples of WMO Activities
12
WMO Space Programme
Unparalleled international cooperation has been
achieved in satellite activities
13
EMERGENCY RESPONSE ACTIVITIES (ERA)
  • Assist NMHSs to provide Meteorological Support
    for Emergency Response (detecting, monitoring,
    on-site forecasting, outlooks) for
  • Natural and man-made emergencies
  • Nuclear accidents and radiological emergencies
  • Volcanic ash and gases as public and aviation
    hazards
  • Wild-land, forest fires
  • Accidental release of chemicals
  • Air-borne diseases
  • General meteorological support to emergency
    operations
  • Specialized products and services
  • Atmospheric dispersion modeling, sub-regional
    coverage, expert advise
  • Continued enhancement, through scientific and
    technological improvements

14
Enhancing Response to Forest Fires
  • In context of Global Atmospheric Watch
    (GAW) programme, a variety of projects are
    underway,
  • National Meteorological and Hydrological Services
    (NMHSs) provide
  • Forecasting and monitoring
  • Hot spot identification using satellite
    imageries,
  • Smoke trajectory and dispersion modelling,
  • Compiling monthly and seasonal climate prediction
    information
  • Activities related to air quality monitoring
  • Dissemination of information to environmental and
    other agencies
  • Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres
    (RSMCs)
  • Provide regional analyses and forecasts, such as
    smoke trajectory forecasts, to assist in
    environmental emergency situations
  • Examples ASMC Singapore, RSMC Melbourne
  • WMO/ ESCAP Project
  • Support to the Implementation of the Regional
    Haze Action Plan
  • of ASEAN Member Countries, funding from
    Australia,

15
Extending Predictions
  • Development of predictions and alerts with
    improved accuracy at longer lead-times (week two
    to seasonal)
  • THORPEX and COPES (demonstration projects)
  • Examples
  • El Niño Update
  • Regional Climate Outlook Forums e.g., Drought
    Monitoring and Alerts
  • National Climate Watches
  • National Heat/Health Warning Systems

16
Community Approach to Flood Management
  • Enhance community preparedness in several
    countries with the active participation of local
    communities concerned
  • Pilot project in Bangladesh, India and Nepal
  • Detailed information on the activities and
    outputs of this Pilot Project on www.apfm.info.

17
Satellite-based DisseminationEmergency Managers
Info. Network over Americas and Pacific
EMWIN provides rapid dissemination of Warnings,
Forecasts, Graphics and Imagery (storms,
cyclones)
18
Global Communication of Forecasts and Warnings
  • World Weather Information Service (WWIS) Website,
    http//www.worldweather.org
  • The Severe Weather Information Centre (SWIC)
    Website, a centralized source of official
    tropical cyclone warnings http//severe.worldweat
    her.org
  • More to come

19
Summary and Conclusions
  • WMO develops extensive knowledge base relevant to
    all stages of disaster risk reduction
  • WMOs goal is to strengthen partnerships with
    disaster risk reduction community to enhance
    disaster risk reduction capabilities at
    international, regional and national levels.
  • GDAS is an excellent opportunity to work together
    to address this goal

For more information please contact Maryam
Golnaraghi, Ph.D. WMO Chief of Natural Disaster
Prevention and Mitigation Tel. 41.22.730.8006
Email. mgolnaraghi_at_WMO.int
20
WMOs Programmes in Weather, Climate and Water
  • World Weather Watch Programme (WWW)
  • Atmospheric Research and Environment Programme
    (AREP),
  • Applications of Meteorology Programme (AMP)
  • World Climate Programme (WCP),
  • Hydrology and Water Resources Programme (HWR)
  • Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
    Programme (DPM),
  • Space Programme,
  • Education and Training Programme (ETP),
  • Regional Programme,
  • Technical Cooperation Programme.
  • Co-Sponsored Programmes (WCRP, GCOS, IPCC)
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