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Global Climate Change Alliance: Intra-ACP Programme


Global Climate Change Alliance: Intra-ACP Programme Training Module Mainstreaming Climate Change Module 4 Climate related evidence and assessment – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Global Climate Change Alliance: Intra-ACP Programme

  • Global Climate Change Alliance Intra-ACP
  • Training Module Mainstreaming Climate Change
  • Module 4 Climate related evidence and assessment
  • Ms Isabelle Mamaty Senior Expert Climate Support

Climate related evidence and assessment
  • Learning objective
  • To understand how to raise awareness and to
    proceed to screening and risk assessment
  • Expected outcomes
  • Increased knowledge on raising awareness tools
  • Increased knowledge on screening tools
  • Increased knowledge on risk assessment tools

Main entry points in the national and sector
policy cycles
Allocate funding for climate-specific actions
Recognise climate risks
Include climate considera-tions in project
selection criteria
Policy cycle stage National level Sector level
Policy formulation National long-term vision National policies and strategies Sector policies and strategies
Planning Multi-year development plan Sectoral plans
Resource allocation National budget Climate-related fund(s) Sector budget envelopes Resources from fund(s)
Programming implementation Sector-level development plans and budgets Sector programming
Incorporate climate-related activities
Include climate-related programmes/ projects
(sectoral and cross-sectoral)
Relocate funding to vulnerable or priority
sectors/ regions
Adapted from Olhoff Schaer (2010) Fig. 1, p.
Raising awareness and building partnerships (1)
  • Assessing available evidence
  • using the findings of relevant studies and
    demonstration/pilot projects
  • Engaging key actors
  • identifying and mobilising key organisations
    involved in development at the national and
    sector levels
  • identifying and mobilising champions

Who might be good champions? Are there already
Raising awareness and building partnerships (2)
  • Developing and implementing a communication and
    advocacy strategy in support of mainstreaming
  • Define the target audience to be informed or
  • Develop policy-relevant messages and materials
    based on evidence collected (e.g. policy briefs,
    radio programmes)
  • Select and use appropriate communication channels
    for the various target groups (e.g. media, sector
    working groups)

Tools supporting awareness raising and
partnership building
... are also useful for influencing policies and
informing planning processes
Assessing evidence
Engaging key actors
Vulnerability and adaptation assessments
Awareness raising partnership building
Communication advocacy strategy
Macro and meso economic analysis
National consensus on and commitment to
climate-resilient and low-emission development
Demonstration or pilot projects
Adapted from UNDP-UNEP (2011)
EuropeAids climate change sector scripts
  • Agriculture and rural development
  • Ecosystems and biodiversity management
  • Education
  • Energy supply
  • Health
  • Infrastructure
  • Solid waste management
  • Trade and investment
  • Water supply and sanitation

Vulnerability and adaptation assessment
  • The objective of the vulnerability and adaptation
    assessment is to identify, describe and assess
  • The main vulnerabilities associated with current
    and future climate and climate variability.
  •  Existing coping strategies and adaptation
    responses to these risks.
  • Current and future adaptation needs.
  • Options and measures to enhance current and
    future resilience and adaptive capacity.

Source Downing Patwardhan (2004)
Vulnerability and adaptation assessment
  • A vulnerability and adaptation assessment would
    typically focus on 3 units of analysis
  • Places land, water, ecosystems, natural
    capital and built infrastructure
  • People individuals, communities, human
    capital, livelihoods
  • Institutions sectors, organisations, how they
    relate to each other, social capital
  • It should assess both current future
    vulnerability to determine possible adaptation

Source Downing Patwardhan (2004)
Steps in community vulnerability adaptation
Source IPCC (2007c) 4th Assessment Report, WG
II - Fig. 16.3
Mapping vulnerability
Source Economics of Climate Adaptation (2009)
Test case on Samoa Focus on risks caused by sea
level rise, Fig. 03, p. 122
Macro- and meso-economic analysis
  • Economic analysis may be a powerful tool for
    motivating policy makers to take action
  • Macro level analysis of the impact climate
    change may have on the national economy
  • Meso level analysis at the level of key sectors
    or sub-sectors of the national economy
  • The costs of inaction (climate-related losses)
    are compared with the net benefits of taking
    action (avoided losses minus costs)
  • The analysis should also consider the
    distribution of losses and benefits (among social
    groups, regions...)

Demonstration projects
Support lesson drawing for adaptive management
Test what works and does not work (relevance,
Mobilise communities, local/regional authorities
other stakeholders
Demonstration/pilot projects
Help foster interest and commitment of national
authorities other stakeholders
Create motivation and knowledge for replication/
Source UNDP-UNEP (2011)
Climate risk screening Hazard and risk
Probability of occurrence
Severity of consequences
Climate risk screening objectives
  • Identifies potential risks for a programme or
    project by assessing, in its specific context
  • A standard screening questionnaire can be
    developed to support this exercise

Exposure to the effects of CC
Maladaptation risk
Sensitivity to such effects
Optional Impacts on climate (GHG emissions/
emission removals)
Response adaptation capacity
Climate risk screening key factors to consider
  • Location
  • Sector
  • Relationship of the planned intervention to
  • Socio-economic conditions (current projected)
  • Adaptive capacity of various stakeholder groups
  • Including current coping mechanisms / autonomous
    adaptation measures
  • Lifetime of the considered investments/activities

Outcomes of climate risk screening
No specific action, or limited measures
None or low
Vulnerability to the effects of CC
Further investigation, adaptation measures
Further investigation, redesign for reduced
vulnerability/enhanced adaptive capacity, or even
No specific action
Risk of maladaptation
Further investigation, redesign for reduced
maladaptation risk, or even abandonment
No specific action, or limited measures
GHG emissions or emission removals
Significant ()
Further investigation and enhancement of
mitigation potential
() In proportion to the size/scope of the
Climate risk assessment objectives
  • Climate risk assessment (CRA) is a dedicated
    study aimed at
  • assessing in further detail the risks identified
    during climate risk screening
  • identifying possible risk prevention, risk
    mitigation and other adaptation measures
  • assessing these options
  • formulating concrete recommendations with regard
    to the design of the programme or project

The assessment of future climate risks should be
anchored to an assessment of current risks
Strategic environmental assessment (SEA)
  • A study
  • aimed at analysing the environmental consequences
    of proposed policies/plans/programmes, as well as
    the main environmental opportunities, risks and
    constraints to be taken into account
  • for the purpose of promoting more sustainable

Ensures that environmental considerations are
taken into account EARLY in the policy planning
Role of SEA in supporting climate change
  • With adequate ToR, SEA can
  • identify elements of the considered policy or
    programme that are sensitive to or at risk from
    climate change
  • identify elements that may result in increased
    vulnerability to the effects of climate change
  • assess direct and indirect GHG emissions
  • identify options for risk management, adaptation
    and mitigation
  • and make recommendations on alternatives, on
    institutional aspects, capacity building, etc.

For a model of ToR, see handout or EC Guidelines
on the Integration of Environment Climate
Change (2009), Annex 5
Is the assessment linked to
A specific policy, strategy, programme or project?
Vulnerability and adaptation assessment
Yes ()
A specific policy or strategy?
Strategic environmental assessment ()
Yes ()
A specific programme?
Climate risk assessment
Yes ()
A specific project?
Environmental impact assessment ()
() With ToRs adapted to include climate-related
() Climate risk screening can be applied before
undertaking a more detailed assessment
Turning words into action
  • Question and answers
  • Climate related evidence and assessment

What are the opportunities to develop a climate
change related evidence and assessment in your
sector or at your level and what are the
institutional and capacity needs in your
organisation to do so?
Presentation of case studies
  • Presentation of vulnerability and risk
    assessments case studies

Learning process exercise Working group
  • Exercise Assess impacts, vulnerability and
    define need for action for a given national or
    sector programme and/or identify climate risks
    and adaptation opportunities of a given

Recap Key messages
  • Mainstreaming climate change at strategic
    planning levels supports more integrated,
    effective, efficient and sustainable responses
  • But top-down and bottom-up approaches to
    adaptation are complementary and mainstreaming is
    also justified at local level
  • Multiple tools are available to support climate
    change mainstreaming in policies, strategies,
    programmes and projects
  • Both ad hoc studies and assessments, and
    integration of climate-related considerations in
    feasibility / formulation studies, support this
    mainstreaming process

Key references
  • EC (2009a) EC Cooperation Responding to Climate
    Change Sector scripts series. European
    Commission, Brussels
  • EC (2009b) Guidelines on the Integration of
    Environment and Climate Change in Development
    Cooperation. European Commission, Brussels
  • UNDP-UNEP (2011) Mainstreaming Adaptation to
    Climate Change into Development Planning A Guide
    for Practitioners. UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment
  • UNEP (2005) Communicating Sustainability How to
    produce effective public campaigns. United
    Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi
  • Adaptation Learning Mechanism knowledge-sharing
    platform http//
  • World Bank Economics of Adaptation to Climate
    Change web pages http//climatechange.worldbank.o

  • Thank you
  • Contact Dr. Pendo MARO, ACP Secretariat or 32 495 281