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Vietnam War-PowerPoint 3

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Vietnam War-PowerPoint 3 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution August 2nd, 1964 The USS Maddox, on an intelligence mission along North Vietnam s coast, supposedly fired ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vietnam War-PowerPoint 3


1
Vietnam War-PowerPoint 3
2
  • Gulf
  • of
  • Tonkin
  • Resolution

3
August 2nd, 1964
  • The USS Maddox, on an intelligence mission along
    North Vietnams coast, supposedly fired upon
    several torpedo boat that became severely
    damaged.
  • A second attack was reported two days later on
    the USS Turner Joy and Maddox in the same areas.

4
The Second Attack
  • The second attack led to retaliatory airstrikes.
  • Encouraged the Congress to approve the Gulf of
    Tonkin Resolution.

5
The fall and winter-1964
  • The Johnson administration debated the correct
    strategy for Vietnam.
  • The Joint Chiefs of Staff wanted to expand the
    air war.
  • The civilians in the Pentagon wanted to apply
    steady pressure to the Communist Party with
    restricted and careful bombings.

6
1965
  • In 1965, the NLF attacked two United States army
    installations in South Vietnam.
  • As a result, Johnson ordered the sustained
    bombing missions over the DRV that the Joint
    Chiefs of Staff had long advocated.
  • Bombing missions known as
  • OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER

7
  • THE
  • WAR
  • IN
  • America

8
  • The Johnson Administration wanted to fight the
    Vietnam War in cold blood.
  • This meant That America would go to war in
    Vietnam with the accuracy of a surgeon with
    little noticeable impact on domestic culture.

9
Draft
  • Eventually, there were not enough volunteers to
    go to war, so the government had to organize a
    draft.

10
  • Americans continued to leave for Southeast Asia,
    the Johnson administration was met with the full
    weight of American anti-war sentiments.
  • Protests erupted on college campuses, but by
    1968, every corner of the country felt the war's
    impact.
  • Most famous event police riot in Chicago during
    the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

11
  • THE
  • TET
  • OFFENSIVE

12
1968
  • In 1968, things had gone from bad to worse for
    the Johnson administration.
  • January 1968, the DVR and NLF launched coordinate
    attacks against major southern cities.
  • Attacks known as TET OFFENSIVE

13
Tet Offensive
  • The Tet Offensive was designed to make the
    Johnson administration go to the bargaining
    table.
  • The Communist Party believed that the American
    people were growing war-weary and that its
    continued successes in the countryside had
    tipped the balance of forces in its favor.

14
March 1968
  • March 1968, Lyndon Johnson announced that he
    would not seek the Democratic Party's
    re-nomination for president and implied that he
    would go to the bargaining table with the
    Communists to end the war.

15
  • The
  • Nixon
  • Years

16
in
  • Secret Negotiations began in the Spring of 1968
    in Paris.
  • Nixon claimed he had a secret plan to end the war.

17
Nixons Secret Plan
  • Nixons secret plan involved borrowing a
    deliberate move from Lyndon Johnson's last year
    in office.

18
Vietnamization
  • Nixon continued a development called
    Vietnamization.
  • It was a brutal term that implied that Vietnamese
    were not fighting and dying in the jungles of
    Southeast Asia.
  • This strategy brought American troops home while
    it increased the air war over the DRV and relying
    more on the ARVN for ground attacks.

19
  • Nixon years also saw expanding the war into Laos
    and Cambodia.
  • This would be violating the international rights
    of these countries in secret campaigns. (Laos was
    granted neutral earlier in the war.)

20
  • The expanded air war did not put off the
    Communist Party, and it continued to make hard
    demands in Paris.
  • Nixon's Vietnamization plan briefly quieted
    domestic critics.

21
December 1972
  • The Nixon administration unleashed a series of
    deadly bombing raids against targets in the DRV's
    largest cities, Hanoi and Haiphong.
  • Bombings known as the Christmas Bombings.

22
The Paris Peace Agreement/ The Exit of the
Americans- 1973-1975
  • In January 1973, the Nixon White House persuaded
    the Thieu-Ky regime in Saigon that they would not
    desert the GVN if they signed onto the peace
    accord.

23
January 23rd, 1973
  • On January 23rd, 1973 the final draft was
    initialed, which ended hostilities between the
    U.S. and the DVR.

24
March-April 1973
  • From March 1973 until the fall of Saigon on April
    30, 1975, ARVN forces tried greatly to save the
    South from political and military collapse.

25
The End of the War
  • The end of the war finally came, as DRV tanks
    rolled south along National Highway One.
  • On the morning of April 30, Communist forces
    captured the presidential palace in Saigon, which
    ended the Vietnam War.
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