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Naval Science 402 Leadership and Ethics

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Leadership and Ethics Lesson 11 Conduct of War Law of Armed Conflict ROE/Code of Conduct – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Naval Science 402 Leadership and Ethics


1
Naval Science 402 Leadership and Ethics
  • Lesson 11
  • Conduct of War
  • Law of Armed Conflict
  • ROE/Code of Conduct

2
Objectives
  • Complete Conduct of War Joint Targeting
    Simulation
  • Know and be able to apply the Laws of Armed
    Conflict.
  • Understand Rules of Engagement and their Impact
  • Understand the necessity for a strong Ethical
    foundation during Armed Conflict
  • Comprehend the IMPACT for compliance with
    International Agreements Relating to Armed
    Conflict.

3
Objectives
  • Know the Policy of the U.S. Government Regarding
    the Law of Armed Conflict Including
  • The Responsibilities of Superior Officers With
    Regard to Violations of the Law of Armed Conflict
  • The Measures Taken to Redress Acts in Violation
    of the Law of Armed Conflict

4
Law of Armed Conflict
  • The body of law which governs the conduct of
    states and individuals when they are engaged in
    an armed conflict. This includes the use of
    force, the protection of civilians, sick and
    wounded personnel, and PWs. The
    two terms "Law of Armed Conflict" and "Law of
    War" can be used interchangeably.

5
Why Have Laws to Govern Such a Messy Business
  • Minimizing the Damage We Cause During a War
  • Avoiding Unnecessary Suffering
  • Protecting Human Rights
  • Easing the Transition From War Back to Peace.

6
Law of Armed Conflict (Current Sources)
  • UN Charter
  • Article 2 - Peaceful Settlement of International
    Disputes
  • Signers Agree to Avoid Resort to War Except
  • As a UN-Directed Action
  • Right of Individual or Collective Self-defense

7
Law of Armed Conflict (General Principles)
  • Military Necessity/ Proportionality
  • Take Actions Necessary to Achieve a Legitimate
    Military Objective
  • Use No Greater Force Than Is Needed to Obtain the
    Desired Military Objective.
  • Humanity
  • Avoid Inflicting Unnecessary Suffering
  • Don't Hurt People or Destroy Their Property Just
    for the Sake of Wreaking Havoc
  • Dishonorable Conduct Prohibited

8
Law of Armed Conflict (Current Sources)
  • Customary International Law
  • Treaties With The Hague (1907)
  • Geneva Conventions (4) of 12 Aug 1949
  • Wounded and Sick in the Field
  • Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked at Sea
  • POWs
  • Civilians
  • Additional Protocols of 8 Jun 1977
  • Chemical Weapons Convention

9
Players and Observers
  • Combatants
  • Armed Forces
  • Non Combatants
  • Civilians, Journalists
  • Medical Personnel
  • Chaplains
  • Prisoners of War
  • Torture, Threats, Coercive Acts Prohibited
  • Cannot Be Killed Even to Preserve Guards
  • If Cannot Hold, Must Release Unharmed

10
Questions ???
11
Joint Targeting Board Direction
-Divide class into 5 separate cells Cell 1 CINC
and Component Commanders Cell 2 Joint Special
Operations Targeteers Cell 3 Joint Forces Air
Component Command Targeteers Cell 4 Joint Naval
Forces Targeteers Cell 5 Joint Forces Land
Component Command Targeteers -Set-up classroom
into different groups so all target groups
surround the CINC
12
Additional Guidance
  • CINC and Component Commanders
  • ID Priority Areas for Ops
  • Identify Rules of Engagement
  • Identify Limitations for Collateral Damage
  • Identify Forces Available to do Targeting
  • Targeting Cells
  • ID Forces available to assist in CINC priorities
  • ID Top Five targeting concerns so you can do your
    mission
  • Prioritize those targets
  • Develop arguments to convince CINC your targets
    are most important
  • Brief CINC

13
Some Sample Priorities
JFLCC Priorities 2nd Army HQ Kandahar Enemy Units near Heart Central Army HQ, Kabul Enemy Bases Jalalbad Enemy Bases Mazar-E-Sharif Naval Priorities Eliminate Submarine Threat Eliminate Coastal Patrol Re-supply Clear Mine Threat in Naval AO Eliminate Immediate Mining Cap Neutralize Air Threat to Naval Force
JFACC Priorities JSOC Priorities
14
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15
Joint Special Operations Command
  • Joint Targeting Priorities

16
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17
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18
Joint Forces Land Component Command
  • Targeting Priorites

19
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23
Joint Forces Air Component Command
  • Joint Air Targeting Priorities

24
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25
Naval Forces
  • DESTROY THREAT OF TOWEL HEAD CLASS SUBMARINES
    USED BY THE ENEMY, THROUGH THE FOLLOWING MEANS
  • U.S SUMARINE PATROL
  • SONO-BOUYS FROM THE SH-60
  • SONAR SEARCH FROM CRUISER

26
THE GULF OF IRAN
  • STOP AFGANSTAN COASTAL PATROL CRAFTS, WHO ARE
    TRANSPORTING GOODS DOWN THE COAST TO RE-SUPPLY AL
    QUEDA AND TALIBAN FORCES.
  • U.S. FRIGATE BOARDING PARTIES
  • U.S. NAVY SEAL TEAMS

27
THE GULF OF IRAN
  • CLEAR THE BATTLE GROUP OPERATING BOX OF MINE
    THREATS.
  • U.S. EXPLOSIVE ORDINACE DISPOSAL (EOD) TEAMS TO
    DEFUSE SHALLOW WATER MINES OFF THE COAST.
  • U.S. MINESWEEPERS TO CLEAR BATTLE GROUP AREA OF
    OPERATION, DEEP WATER.

28
HARBORS AND INLETS
  • DEFUSE MINE THREAT IN COASTAL HARBORS.
  • U.S. EOD TO DEFUSE THE SHALLOW WATER MINES.
  • U.S. MINESWEEPERS TO SET OFF MINES THAT EOD
    CANNOT DEFUSE.

29
HARBORS AND INLETS
  • ACUIRE HARBOR/INLET CITIES IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH
    DIFFERENT EVACUATION POINTS FOR GROUND FORCES.
  • U.S. MARINE (MEU) TO DEVOLOP U.S STRONG HOLD IN
    THE CITIES.
  • LCATS
  • WEAPONS AND AMMUNITION
  • COASTAL BOMBARDMENT FROM DESTROYERS (5 GUNS)
  • E-2C FOR RADAR AND SAM DETECTION
  • VMFA AND VMAQ FOR DESTROYING RADAR AND SAM SITES
  • CLOSE ROTAR WING SUPPORT FROM MARINE AMPHIBS

30
AIR BASES, RADAR SITES, SAM SITES
  • NEUTRALIZATION OF AIR, SURFACE, AND SUB-SURFACE
    TARGETS WHICH THREATEN CONTROL OF THE SEA.
  • U.S CARRIER AIR WING TO DETERMINE LOCATIONS OF
    COASTAL AIR BASES, RADER SITES, AND SAM SITES
  • E-2C FOR SITE LOCATION
  • F-14 FOR AIR TO AIR SUPPORT, ENEMY FIGHTER
    DETECTION AND DESTRUCTION
  • EA-6B FOR RADAR DISABLING
  • F/A-18 FOR GROUND TARGET DESTRUCTION
  • U.S. AIRWING WILL CONTINUE PROTECTION OF THE
    BATTLE GROUP.

31
AIR BASES, RADAR SITES, SAM SITES
  • READY 15 FOR ALL SQUADRONS
  • 4 EVENTS EACH DAY
  • CRUISERS FOR SITE DESTRUCTION
  • AIR BASE DESTUCTION WITH TOMAHAWK CRUISE MISSLES
  • RADAR DESTRUCTION WITH TOMAHAWK CRUSE MISSLES
  • SAM SITE DESTRUCTION WITH TOMAHAWK CRUISE MISSLES
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