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Basic Concepts of Democracy

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Basic Concepts of Democracy No government demands so much from the citizen as Democracy, and none gives so much back What does our democratic government demand ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Basic Concepts of Democracy


1
Basic Concepts of Democracy
No government demands so much from the citizen
as Democracy, and none gives so much back What
does our democratic government demand from you?
What do you get in return?
2
September 16, 2013
  • Objectives Students should be able to identify
    the concepts of democracy and the early forms of
    governmental influence.
  • Question What does equality mean? Give an
    example.
  • Agenda Notes/finish and turn in packet

3
Worth of the Individual
  • WHAT?
  • Puts the individual first, every individual is
    important. Respect other individuals at all times
  • For example
  • Laws aimed at limiting abortion, laws geared to
    special need students
  • Exception Sometimes a few individuals make
    sacrifices for the majority

4
Worth of the Individual
  • Balance between individual freedom and needs of
    all the people in society
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights

5
Equality of All Persons
  • WHAT
  • Democracy provides the equality of opportunity
    and equality before the law. No person can be
    held back for any reason based on race, gender,
    religion etc.
  • For example
  • Every person should have an equal chance for
    success and should be treated the same under the
    law

6
Equality of All Persons
  • Equality of opportunity and equality under the
    law
  • What is equality of opportunity?
  • Why does the text dismiss the idea of material
    equality so quickly?
  • Do worldly goods sometimes help opportunity?

7
(No Transcript)
8
Majority Rule, Minority Rights
  • WHAT
  • The will of the people and not the few determines
    public policy
  • The majority must recognize the voice/rights of
    the minority
  • - must listen to the a minoritys argument,
    criticism, objections and suggestions

9
Majority Rule, Minority Rights
  • Majority rule restrained by minority rights
  • EX public breastfeeding/civil unions are
    minority rights.
  • Why do democracies protect the rights of the
    minority?

10
How are minority rights protected in a majority
rules system?
  • CIVIL RIGHTS AND THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965 AS
    A CASE STUDY

11
How are minority rights protected in majority
rule system?
12
1) Public Pressure/Civil Disobedience
13
Branches of government Legislative Branch
(Congress)
Voting Rights Act of 1965
14
The Executive (President)
Lyndon Johnson with MLK, after Johnson signed the
Voting Rights Act of 1965
15
Why was the Voting Rights Act of 1965 necessary?
  • Southern post- Reconstruction (gt 1877)
  • governments devised loopholes to keep
    African-Americans from voting
  • Literacy tests /constitutional tests
  • Poll taxes

16
It all began with Freedom Summer 1964
  • Northern white liberals joined southern blacks to
    register black voters.

17
It was difficult and dangerous and people lost
their lives to register black voters
  • Schwerner
  • Chaney
  • Goodman

18
Edgar Ray Killen convicted years later
19
(No Transcript)
20
An example of the failure to protect minority
rights
1943 Internment camp Heart Mountain, WY
21
Necessity of Compromise
  • WHAT
  • In a democracy we make decisions through
    compromise to satisfy the largest number of
    people
  • Compromise is blending different views
  • Each sides gives and takes to find a position
    that most can accept
  • Compromise is important since there are many
    sides/angels to an issue

22
Necessity of Compromise
  • Our representatives must compromise to get
    legislation passed
  • EX Civil Rights Act of 1964 /Voting Rights Act
    of 1965
  • Describe a recent failure at compromise in
    Congress

President Johnson working the phones
23
Individual Freedom
  • WHAT
  • Democracy can thrive only in an atmosphere of
    individual freedom, but cannot provide complete
    freedom
  • Each person must be as free to do as he/she
    pleases as far as freedom of all will allow

24
Individual Freedom
  • Not absolute but balanced with rights of the
    majority
  • EX Tinker v Des Moines (1969)

25
Economic Freedom The Free Enterprise System
  • Private ownership of land and business
  • Success or failure determined by competition in
    the marketplace
  • In reality, heavily regulated by the government
    and much of the market is controlled by big
    business

26
Final 5
  • What is an example of an individual freedom/right?
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