7.4.spi.1. define the different types of governments (i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy, monarchy, dictatorship). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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7.4.spi.1. define the different types of governments (i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy, monarchy, dictatorship).

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Title: 7.4.spi.1. define the different types of governments (i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy, monarchy, dictatorship).


1
7.4.spi.1. define the different types of
governments (i.e., democracy, autocracy,
oligarchy, monarchy, dictatorship).
2
  • There are five major types of government
  • Democracy
  • Oligarchy
  • Monarchy
  • Dictatorship
  • Theocracy

3
  • Democracy is a system of government in which the
    people either govern themselves directly, or
    elect their public officials through free
    elections.

4
  • Canada has a democratic form of government in
    which the people elect members to Parliament to
    govern the country therefore, it is known as a
    parliamentary democracy.

5
  • In a parliamentary democracy, the political party
    which is in the majority elects the countrys
    prime minister (leader).

6
THE United States is a representative democracy
and is composed of THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
7
United states government
  • The Constitution created a government of three
    equal branches, or parts.
  • The Constitution is the plan and set of rules for
    our government.
  • The three branches are
  • LEGISLATIVE
  • EXECUTIVE
  • JUDICIAL

8
The legislative branch
  • The Constitution created Congress.
  • It is a group of people elected to make laws for
    the country.
  • Congress has two parts The Senate and The House
    of Representatives.

9
The senate
  • There are 100 senators.
  • Each state has two senators.
  • A Senator is in office for 6 years. This is
    called a term.
  • Senators meet in the U.S. Capitol building

10
The house of representatives
  • There are 435 representatives.
  • The more people that live in a state, the more
    representatives it has.
  • Representatives serve for a term of two years.
  • They can be elected for more than one term.

11
The Executive Branch
  • The president, or Chief Executive, is the head of
    the government.
  • Americans vote every four years for their leader
    of their democratic society.
  • After elected to serve his/her country, the
    president lives and works in the White House.
  • The president is in charge of the armed forces.
  • The president works with leaders of other
    countries.

12
The Judicial branch
  • The Supreme Court is the highest court is the U.
    S., and is the system of courts to settle
    questions about the laws.
  • The nine justices can serve for as long as they
    live, or wish to retire.
  • Each justice is chosen by the president.

13
Government
  • The president carries out the laws of the United
    States.
  • The Congress (Senate and House of
    Representatives) makes the laws.
  • The Supreme Court explains the laws.

14
  • The U.S. is also known as a federal republic
    because of the division of power between the
    federal, state, and local government.

15
  • An oligarchy is a form of government that is run
    by an elite group of people.

16
  • A monarchy is a political system in which a royal
    family (king/queen) is in charge.

17
  • A constitutional monarchy is a blend of a
    monarchy and a democracy. The king/queen is a
    figurehead--without political power.

18
  • A dictatorship, or autocrat, rules over the
    political, social, and economic lives of the
    countrys people. The dictator is not restricted
    by laws or a constitution.

19
  • Past Totalitarian Dictatorships

ADOLPH HITLER BENITO MUSSOLINI JOSEPH
STALIN Germany Italy USSR
20
  • Recent Totalitarian Dictatorships

Fidel Castro Hugo Chavez Kim Jong
Ill Cuba Venezuela North Korea
21
  • A theocracy is a political system governed by
    representatives of a certain religion.

22
End of Slide Show
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