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KENYA

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KENYA International Training Course on Tropical Cyclone: 5th 16th Dec. 2011, WMO Regional Training Center, Nanjing University of Information Science and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: KENYA


1
KENYA
International Training Course on Tropical
Cyclone 5th 16th Dec. 2011, WMO Regional
Training Center, Nanjing University of
Information Science and Technology, Nanjing,
Jiangsu, China
Ismael M. Lutta mulama_at_meteo.go.ke
Meteorologist Kenya Meteorological
Department Kenya
2
OUTLINE
  • Introduction
  • Climate of Kenya
  • Infrastructure
  • Cities
  • Tourism
  • Agriculture
  • Kenya Meteorological Dept.
  • Tropical Cyclones

3
KENYA
  • Area Approx. 582650 km2 ,
  • 47 Counties 42 tribes
  • Capital City Nairobi
  • Pop Approx. 40M
  • Religion Majority are Christians
  • Features Lakes, Mountains, Rivers
  • Political Democratic
  • Economic Mainly (1) agriculture. (2) Tourism (3)
    established financial educational institutions
    (4) Manufacturing

4
KENYA CLIMATE
  • Bi-modal Rainfall Pattern
  • Kenya receives an annual average rainfall of
    790mm

curtsey of commopress.blogspot.com
5
INFRASTRUCTURE
6
KENYAN CITIES
7
KENYAN TOURISM
8
Cont
9
AGRICULTURE
10
(No Transcript)
11
KENYA OBSERVATORIES
12
CLIMATE SYSTEM
  • Tropical climate-Hot and humid at the coast,
    temperate inland. Average temperatures 20-300C.
  • Northern parts semi arid while the rest of the
    country receives approximately 1000mm of rainfall
    per year. Two rainy seasons (MAM and OND)
  • Controlling systems subtropical highs, Congo
    forest, local
  • relief (lakes) and the oceans

13
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
  • Service Department headed by
  • Director
  • 4 Deputy Directors.
  • 9 Senior Assistant directors
  • 39 Assistant Directors
  • The rest of officers include Meteorologists, Met
    technologist, engineers and other support staff
    totalling to about 600
  • Organization and structures
  • Observational networks
  • Derived from Strategic plan

14
STRATEGIC VISION, MISSION
Vision To be the leading world-class Operational
Forecasting Centre and Scientific Institution
contributing to high quality of life. Mission To
provide and facilitate accessible Meteorological
Information and Services and infusion of
Scientific Knowledge to spur social-economic
growth and development.
15
OBJECTIVES
  • To improve monitoring of meteorological elements
    and atmospheric pollution and detection of
    climate change
  • To provide more accurate and timely
    meteorological information and services
  • Transform KMD into a Semi-Autonomous Government
    Agency (SAGA)
  • Enhance Human Capital
  • Improve awareness among users of meteorological
    information and services for enhanced
    applications
  • Enhance Research for Development

16
contd
  • Relocate KMD Hqs and TX station to the new site
    at Ngong to create space for expansion of
    WMO-RTC.
  • Upgrade the WMO Regional Training Centre
    (RTC)-Nairobi
  • Establish a Regional Meteorological Research
    Centre (RMRC)

17
CHALLENGES
  • Inadequate observational network
  • Poor communication , dissemination and processing
    systems
  • Underfunding by the government
  • Rapid changes in technology
  • Lack of incentives for research and development
  • Succession management problems

18
SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS
  • Weaknesses
  • The Weaknesses that the Department experiences
    that impact negatively on efficiency and
    effective service delivery include
  • Underfunding to the Department
  • Poor succession management due to embargo on
    recruitment
  • Inadequate meteorological facilities and
    equipment
  • Inadequate physical facilities
  • Lack of sufficient space for expansion of
    Meteorological Infrastructure at the Hqs
  • Poor perception of meteorological services at all
    levels
  • Lack of Quality Assurance.
  • Lack of legal and institutional Framework
  • Lack of incentives for Research and Development

19
SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS cont
  • Threats
  • Rapid changes in technologies
  • a) Meteorological instruments and equipment
    development
  • b) ICT
  • c) Uncontrolled dissemination of meteorological
    information by institutions
  • Slow pace of transformation to a SAGA
  • Emerging competitors in the provision of
    meteorological services

20
SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS cont
  • Impacts of HIV/AIDS, Malaria pandemic and other
    diseases on customers and staff
  • Government policy that imposes a levy on staff
    that are on training for more than 28 days
  • Poor remuneration
  • Interference of transmission signals through
    construction of buildings around the transmitting
    station at Industrial Area site
  • Loss of meteorological station land to private
    developers
  • Vandalism on meteorological installations and
  • Gender imbalance.

21
Tropical Cyclones
  • The socio-economic impact of tropical cyclones is
    considerable.
  • The assessment of climate change effects on
    tropical cyclones is necessary, both in terms of
    occurrences and tracks.
  • Cyclone activity may be affected by the changes
    in SST.
  • For instance, ENSO is known to influence TCs
    frequency in different ocean basins.
  • The impacts of long-term SST trends on the
    cyclone frequency in each ocean basin need to be
    documented.

22
TROPICAL CYCLONE MONITERING TOOLS
23
MONITORING, DETECTION FORECASTING OF TCs
24
HRM MODEL USED IN FORECASTING
25
WAY FORWARD
  • Expansion and modernization of the existing
    observational network.
  • Improvement and modernization of
    telecommunication, processing and archival of
    data and forecasting and dissemination of weather
    products
  • Fast-track the privatisation process
  • Recruitment of new staff

26
END THANK YOU, AHSANTENI, XIEXIE
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