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Planning and submitting a shadow report


Planning and submitting a shadow report Charlotte Gage Women s Resource Centre – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Planning and submitting a shadow report

Planning and submitting a shadow report
  • Charlotte Gage
  • Womens Resource Centre

About Womens Resource Centre
  • National, capacity building, infrastructure body
    for womens organisations
  • Provide training, one-to-one support, policy
    consultations, acts as advocate and voice for
    womens organisations
  • Over 400 members working in a wide range of
    areas, delivering services to and campaigning on
    behalf of some of the most marginalised
    communities of women

Who is involved in the review process?
  • Government
  • United Nations (UN) Committee
  • United Nations (UN) agencies
  • Non Government Organisations (NGOs)

What are the steps in the process?
  • Government submits report (every 4 years)
  • Pre-session Working Group
  • NGO submissions (list of critical
    issues/executive summary)
  • - List of issues and questions
  • NGO submits shadow report
  • Examination
  • Committee meets with NGOs
  • Committee meets with UN agencies
  • Government examination
  • NGO submits shadow report
  • Concluding comments/recommendations
  • Implementation

Purpose of government report
  • Record of the governments performance according
    to the standards of the Convention
  • Identify problems and obstacles to womens
    equality so they can be addressed
  • Find solutions to the problems
  • Identify best practices of the government
  • Measure governments progress in meeting its
    obligations under the Convention
  • Provide an opportunity for the government to
    make a commitment to equality according to
    universal standards and identify priorities for
    the next 4 years
  • Government can benefit from the Committees
    expertise and experience to get ideas for how to
    meet its obligations
  • An accountability mechanism for the government
    to show good faith in living up to its obligation
    by agreeing to an open process of review and
    examination at the international level

Purpose of NGO report
  • Helps Committee to
  • - Raise issues not presented in the government
  • - Cross-check validity of information in
    government report
  • Helps NGOs to
  • - Agree on priority issues
  • - Agree what is to be done
  • - Develop research capacity
  • - Adopt a rights-based approach to programme
    design and implementation, policy formulation and
    law reform
  • Can be used by other human rights mechanisms
    and/or Committees set up under other treaties
  • Can be used for community education important
    to use accessible language and produce for
    widespread distribution

What the Committee would like to know
  • What is the status of group/s in all fields in
    comparison to other groups?
  • - Indicators
  • Actual rights enjoyed by group/s
  • What are the obstacles to improving group/s
    equality status?
  • - Lack of opportunity or lack of access
  • Why?
  • What action has the government taken to remedy
  • - Legal action law, policy, programmes
  • Remedies provided, monitoring, institutional
    arrangements, set time bound targets and bench
    marks etc.
  • What are the strengths and weakness of the
    government action?
  • Who and how many group/s benefit and how
    (quality of results) etc.?

Planning a shadow report
  • Risks
  • Resource and capacity intensive
  • Hard to prioritise issues
  • Need to coordinate
  • Difficult to fund
  • Opportunities
  • Brings information together
  • Evidence and report can be used widely
  • Opportunity to raise issues internationally
  • Can work with other groups/networks

Outcomes of engaging in review process
  • Network of NGOs aware of Convention and
    governments obligations
  • Shadow Report
  • Concluding observations/recommendations
  • UN press releases and summary records from

Steps for effective NGO participation and advocacy
  • Step 1
  • Identifying issues and priorities affecting
    group/s in country that is reporting

  • Step 2
  • Gathering information
  • Follow NGO report guidelines
  • Timely
  • Reliable
  • Relevant
  • Linked to Convention provisions, General
    Recommendations etc.

Gathering and prioritising evidence
  • What type of evidence to include?
  • Recent/since last report
  • Robust
  • Case studies
  • What evidence best persuades Government?
  • Financial implications
  • Media
  • What data sources are available?
  • e.g. EHRC, national data, NGO and academic
    research, media stories

Template for gathering evidence for the CEDAW
shadow report 2012
Thematic area/ CEDAW Article Statistics Case studies Research Hyperlinks to information Notes Contacts

  • Please send any information to shadowreport_at_wrc.or

e.g. Questions for consultations
  • What do you think the government/public
    authorities should be doing that they are not
    doing already?
  • What are the issues under each Article that need
    to be raised?
  • How can we use the opportunities under the

  • Step 3
  • Preparing NGO report
  • Separate or joint report?
  • Specific issues or general?
  • Process before, during and after

How can NGOs and others work together to take
part in reporting?
  • Form a network/working group e.g. CEDAW Working
  • Share responsibility for producing shadow report
  • Coordinate responses under different treaties
  • Apply for joint funding to attend the
  • Lobbying Committee members on different issues
  • Joint lobbying using concluding observations

e.g. CEDAW Working Group
  • Request from CEDAW conference March 2009
  • Currently 42 members from across UK
  • Womens and human rights organisations with
    diverse areas of expertise
  • Training to capacity build around CEDAW
  • Working towards a strategy for the next
    examination in 2013

  • Step 4
  • Sharing and using NGO report
  • Pre-session Working Group
  • List of critical issues
  • Executive summary of NGO report
  • - Entire NGO report
  • Examination session
  • Submit shadow report
  • - Use executive summary for talking points

How to influence the first list of issues and
  • Find out timings and contacts
  • Choose key issues
  • Include evidence
  • Include suggested wording for questions
  • Attend Pre-session Working Group meeting to give
    oral evidence

  • Step 5
  • Participation in reporting process
  • What to expect?
  • Oral (spoken) statements
  • Advocacy
  • Parallel events/meetings
  • Press statements
  • - Lobbying Committee member for country
  • - Concluding comments ideas
  • Best practices and examples

Lobbying the Committee
  • NGOs can lobby the Committee in a variety of
  • send key issues and questions for Pre-session
    before examination
  • ask to change the order and priority of articles
    during the examination
  • on priority observations and recommendations
  • during the examination e.g. correcting responses
    from government
  • for an independent expert on a specific issue
  • for a new General Recommendation

  • Step 6
  • Follow-up process
  • Why are the concluding observations useful?
  • How will they be disseminated?
  • How will you lobby the government to ensure they
    are addressed?

Other ways to use information
  • Optional Protocol cases
  • Responses to other treaty bodies - Submit
    relevant parts of shadow report to other bodies
    as annex
  • Use concluding observations from other bodies to
    support recommendations further
  • Use treaties in combination as a stronger
    advocacy tool
  • Campaigns

e.g. Using CEDAW to lobby in the UK
  • Contact your MP or local authority to ask what
    they are doing to address the CEDAW
  • Use CEDAW and this language in your campaigning
    and lobbying on specific issues e.g. specific
    Article and recommendation
  • Raise awareness about CEDAW with your service
    users and members
  • Raise the UK governments obligations under
    CEDAW in any press work
  • Recommendations can be used in National Courts