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Planning and submitting a shadow report

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Planning and submitting a shadow report Charlotte Gage Women s Resource Centre – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Planning and submitting a shadow report


1
Planning and submitting a shadow report
  • Charlotte Gage
  • Womens Resource Centre

2
About Womens Resource Centre
  • National, capacity building, infrastructure body
    for womens organisations
  • Provide training, one-to-one support, policy
    consultations, acts as advocate and voice for
    womens organisations
  • Over 400 members working in a wide range of
    areas, delivering services to and campaigning on
    behalf of some of the most marginalised
    communities of women

3
Who is involved in the review process?
  • Government
  • United Nations (UN) Committee
  • United Nations (UN) agencies
  • Non Government Organisations (NGOs)

4
What are the steps in the process?
  • Government submits report (every 4 years)
  • Pre-session Working Group
  • NGO submissions (list of critical
    issues/executive summary)
  • - List of issues and questions
  • NGO submits shadow report
  • Examination
  • Committee meets with NGOs
  • Committee meets with UN agencies
  • Government examination
  • NGO submits shadow report
  • Concluding comments/recommendations
  • Implementation

5
About CEDAW
6
Purpose of government report
  • Record of the governments performance according
    to the standards of the Convention
  • Identify problems and obstacles to womens
    equality so they can be addressed
  • Find solutions to the problems
  • Identify best practices of the government
  • Measure governments progress in meeting its
    obligations under the Convention
  • Provide an opportunity for the government to
    make a commitment to equality according to
    universal standards and identify priorities for
    the next 4 years
  • Government can benefit from the Committees
    expertise and experience to get ideas for how to
    meet its obligations
  • An accountability mechanism for the government
    to show good faith in living up to its obligation
    by agreeing to an open process of review and
    examination at the international level

7
Purpose of NGO report
  • Helps Committee to
  • - Raise issues not presented in the government
    report
  • - Cross-check validity of information in
    government report
  • Helps NGOs to
  • - Agree on priority issues
  • - Agree what is to be done
  • - Develop research capacity
  • - Adopt a rights-based approach to programme
    design and implementation, policy formulation and
    law reform
  • Can be used by other human rights mechanisms
    and/or Committees set up under other treaties
  • Can be used for community education important
    to use accessible language and produce for
    widespread distribution

8
What the Committee would like to know
  • What is the status of group/s in all fields in
    comparison to other groups?
  • - Indicators
  • Actual rights enjoyed by group/s
  • What are the obstacles to improving group/s
    equality status?
  • - Lack of opportunity or lack of access
  • Why?
  • What action has the government taken to remedy
    this?
  • - Legal action law, policy, programmes
  • Remedies provided, monitoring, institutional
    arrangements, set time bound targets and bench
    marks etc.
  • What are the strengths and weakness of the
    government action?
  • Who and how many group/s benefit and how
    (quality of results) etc.?

9
Planning a shadow report
  • Risks
  • Resource and capacity intensive
  • Hard to prioritise issues
  • Need to coordinate
  • Difficult to fund
  • Opportunities
  • Brings information together
  • Evidence and report can be used widely
  • Opportunity to raise issues internationally
  • Can work with other groups/networks

10
Outcomes of engaging in review process
  • Network of NGOs aware of Convention and
    governments obligations
  • Shadow Report
  • Concluding observations/recommendations
  • UN press releases and summary records from
    examination
  • HOW CAN NGOS BUILD ON THESE?

11
Steps for effective NGO participation and advocacy
  • Step 1
  • Identifying issues and priorities affecting
    group/s in country that is reporting

12
  • Step 2
  • Gathering information
  • Follow NGO report guidelines
  • Timely
  • Reliable
  • Relevant
  • Linked to Convention provisions, General
    Recommendations etc.

13
Gathering and prioritising evidence
  • What type of evidence to include?
  • Recent/since last report
  • Robust
  • Case studies
  • What evidence best persuades Government?
  • Financial implications
  • Media
  • What data sources are available?
  • e.g. EHRC, national data, NGO and academic
    research, media stories

14
Template for gathering evidence for the CEDAW
shadow report 2012
Thematic area/ CEDAW Article Statistics Case studies Research Hyperlinks to information Notes Contacts


  • Please send any information to shadowreport_at_wrc.or
    g.uk

15
e.g. Questions for consultations
  • What do you think the government/public
    authorities should be doing that they are not
    doing already?
  • What are the issues under each Article that need
    to be raised?
  • How can we use the opportunities under the
    Convention?

16
  • Step 3
  • Preparing NGO report
  • Separate or joint report?
  • Specific issues or general?
  • Process before, during and after

17
How can NGOs and others work together to take
part in reporting?
  • Form a network/working group e.g. CEDAW Working
    Group
  • Share responsibility for producing shadow report
  • Coordinate responses under different treaties
  • Apply for joint funding to attend the
    examination
  • Lobbying Committee members on different issues
  • Joint lobbying using concluding observations

18
e.g. CEDAW Working Group
  • Request from CEDAW conference March 2009
  • Currently 42 members from across UK
  • Womens and human rights organisations with
    diverse areas of expertise
  • Training to capacity build around CEDAW
  • Working towards a strategy for the next
    examination in 2013

19
  • Step 4
  • Sharing and using NGO report
  • Pre-session Working Group
  • List of critical issues
  • Executive summary of NGO report
  • - Entire NGO report
  • Examination session
  • Submit shadow report
  • - Use executive summary for talking points

20
How to influence the first list of issues and
questions
  • Find out timings and contacts
  • Choose key issues
  • Include evidence
  • Include suggested wording for questions
  • Attend Pre-session Working Group meeting to give
    oral evidence

21
  • Step 5
  • Participation in reporting process
  • What to expect?
  • Oral (spoken) statements
  • Advocacy
  • Parallel events/meetings
  • Press statements
  • - Lobbying Committee member for country
  • - Concluding comments ideas
  • Best practices and examples

22
Lobbying the Committee
  • NGOs can lobby the Committee in a variety of
    ways
  • send key issues and questions for Pre-session
    before examination
  • ask to change the order and priority of articles
    during the examination
  • on priority observations and recommendations
  • during the examination e.g. correcting responses
    from government
  • for an independent expert on a specific issue
  • for a new General Recommendation

23
  • Step 6
  • Follow-up process
  • Why are the concluding observations useful?
  • How will they be disseminated?
  • How will you lobby the government to ensure they
    are addressed?

24
Other ways to use information
  • Optional Protocol cases
  • Responses to other treaty bodies - Submit
    relevant parts of shadow report to other bodies
    as annex
  • Use concluding observations from other bodies to
    support recommendations further
  • Use treaties in combination as a stronger
    advocacy tool
  • Campaigns

25
e.g. Using CEDAW to lobby in the UK
  • Contact your MP or local authority to ask what
    they are doing to address the CEDAW
    recommendations
  • Use CEDAW and this language in your campaigning
    and lobbying on specific issues e.g. specific
    Article and recommendation
  • Raise awareness about CEDAW with your service
    users and members
  • Raise the UK governments obligations under
    CEDAW in any press work
  • Recommendations can be used in National Courts
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