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Introduction to Horses

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Title: Horse Breeds Author: Clear Creek ISD Last modified by: Meghan Created Date: 4/6/2006 4:58:33 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Horses


1
Introduction to Horses
  • Spring 2006
  • M. Marler
  • Revised Spring 2011

2
Today, we will learn
  • Define what a horse is.
  • Identify the differences between horses and
    ponies.
  • Define key horse terminology.

3
WAIT!!! What is a horse?
  • A horse is a member of the equine family of
    mammals that are specialized monogastrics.
  • The equine family includes horses, donkeys, and
    zebras.

4
(No Transcript)
5
What is a specialized monogastric?
  • Mono means _________?
  • Gastric refers to the _________?

6
What is the difference between a horse and a pony?
  • Horses are larger than ponies.
  • The height of member of the equine family are
    measured in units called hands.
  • A hand equals 4 inches.

7
Worlds Tallest Living Horse? 20.2 Hands Tall
8
Worlds Smallest Living Horse? 17.5 inches at the
withers
9
The difference between horses and ponies
  • Height is measured at the withers or shoulder
    area.
  • Horses are 14.2 hands and taller.
  • Ponies are 14.1 hands and shorter.

10
Basic Horse Terminology
  • Mare
  • Stallion
  • Gelding
  • Foal
  • Filly
  • Colt
  • Weanling
  • Gaits

11
Mare
  • A mature female horse 4 years of age or over.

12
Stallion
  • A mature male horse 4 years of age or older

13
Gelding
  • A castrated male horse

14
Filly
  • A young female horse up to 3 years of age

15
Colt
  • Can be used to describe either a young male horse
    under 3 years of age
  • OR
  • A young horse of either gender 3 years or age or
    under.

16
Foal
  • A baby horse up to weaning.

17
Weanling
  • A young horse that has been weaned from its dam.
  • Generally, a young horse between the ages of 6
    month to 1 year.

18
Yearling
  • A young horse between 1-2 years old

19
Gaits-Walk
  • 4 beat gait

20
Gaits-Trot/Jog
  • 2 beat gait with the legs moving in diagonal
    pairs
  • Faster than a walk

21
Gaits-Canter/Lope
  • 3 beat gait
  • Faster than a trot
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vWVZfC-uGMOo

22
Gaits-Gallop
  • A 4 beat gait
  • The fastest of all gaits
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vl48Kwa6izsE
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vwAhsZ3f2XNk
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vhv49V2RzgHw

23
Review!!!
  • What is a mature female horse called?

24
Review!!!
  • What is a baby horse called?

25
Review!!!
  • What is a castrated male horse called?

26
Review!!!
  • What is an intact, mature male horse called?

27
Review!!!
  • What is a young female horse up to 3 years of age
    called?

28
Review!!!
  • What is a young male horse up to 3 years of age
    called?

29
Review!!!
  • What is a weaned horse under a year old called?

30
Review!!!
  • How many beats are in a walk? Trot? Canter?
    Gallop?
  • What is another name for a trot or canter?

31
Review!!!
  • How many inches are in a hand?

32
Review!!!
  • What is the least amount of hands necessary for a
    horse to be a horse?

33
On Wednesday, we will
  • List the top 10 most popular horse breeds.
  • Describe each breeds origin, purpose, color
    temperament.
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