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World History Unit 3

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World History Unit 3 Renaissance Cultural and Intellectual Thought Before the Renaissance Dominated by Christianity Dominated by Feudalism-political, economic, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World History Unit 3


1
World History Unit 3
  • Renaissance

2
Cultural and Intellectual Thought Before the
Renaissance
  • Dominated by Christianity
  • Dominated by Feudalism-political, economic, and
    social structure
  • Greek and Roman culture essentially forgotten
  • Dominated by concerns for
  • Salvation
  • Territorial disputes
  • Black Death
  • Lack of Education outside monasteries
  • Small scale trade

3
Factors Influencing Shift Toward Renaissance
  • Crusades exposed Europe to the global world and
    advanced civilizationsscholasticism exposure to
    rest of world and Europes past
  • Byzantine and Islamic cultures preserved the past
    adding the knowledge of math and science
    Countries unified under centralization
  • Increased trade fueled further contact and
    learning
  • Universities became centers of learning
  • Other major movements emerged in addition to the
    Renaissancethe Reformation, Scientific
    Revolution, and Enlightenment

4
Shifts in Thought
  • Europe was no longer backward, isolated,
    self-involved, self-sufficient region on edge of
    world
  • Desire to become dominant civilization grew
  • Exploration and expansion grew from shift in
    thought
  • Not quick or in equal proportions
  • Took long time to penetrate all circles
  • Guarded jealously by people with power
  • Peasants didnt participateno education or
    position to learn about itlack of opportunity

5
RENAISSANCE
  • Means the rebirth of Greek and Roman culture
  • Lasted approximately 1300-1600 A.D.

6
Why the Renaissance?
  • Demand for labor high
  • Demand for products high
  • Population began to increase after Black Death
  • People moved to cities
  • Middle, or Merchant Class, emergedbankers,
    merchants, traders, etc.
  • Huge influx of coined money

7
Why the Renaissance?
  • Interactions with Muslim world continued while
    Byzantine Empire was severely weakening
  • Italian city-states became very rich supplying
    and transporting goods (Milan, Venice, and
    Florence)
  • Increased wealth and new opportunities for
    material achievement in growing urban societies
  • Scholars uncovered lost and forgotten Greek and
    Roman written works
  • Located on former ruins
  • Would encourage competition amongst growing
    European powers

8
HUMANISM
  • Focus on human endeavornon-religious thinking
    and action
  • Previously life was useless and goal was
    heavensuck it up now for heaven awaits
  • Shift in thinking from afterlife to here and now
  • Focus on individuals meant less focus on
    institutions such as the Church

9
HUMANISM
  • Historical texts were revisited with focus on
    personal accomplishments and personal
    happinessGreek and Roman literature has tons of
    examples
  • Renaissance Man emergedLeonardo da
    Vinciartist (painter sculptor), scientist,
    musician, architect, engineer, inventor,
    mathematician
  • Writings and art began to reflect humanism
  • Power of church declined during the Renaissance

10
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
  • Themes became more secular rather than religious
  • Subjects were popes, monarchs, merchants, Greek
    and Roman deities, contemporary events
  • Human figures were more realistic due to
    increased study of human anatomy
  • Used perspectivethree dimensional
  • Began using oil paints

11
Rebirth in Arts
  • Wealthy families in city-states patronized the
    artsMaslows Hierarchy of Needs?
  • Human figure is realistic3 dimensional, use of
    shadows to illuminate
  • Linear perspectivefocal point
  • Embraced by Roman Church
  • Art adorned palaces and cathedrals
  • Huge domes
  • Spread northward
  • Greater variety of colorsdue to trade and
    exposure

12
Renaissance Writing
  • Johannes Gutenbergs Printing Press with moveable
    typemade printing books much easier
  • Prior to printing press and Renaissance was
    little need for booksno one to read them
  • Previously invented by Song Dynasty in China who
    gained knowledge from Koreawas Gutenberg aware?
  • Ease of printing made it cheaper and able to be
    mass produced in other languages other than Latin
  • The Bible was the first book mass produced by the
    printing press and was spread in other languages
    other than Latin for the first time

13
Renaissance Writing
  • Middle class becoming more educated, demanding
    more books, increased demand for paper from Arabs
    and Chinese
  • Helped spread Protestant Reformation views
  • Other books printed were mainly for entertainment
    purposes focusing on daily lives of people (the
    Vernacular)
  • The Prince by Machiavelliself-interest more
    important than morals (how to keep political
    power)
  • Utopia by Sir Thomas Mooreideal society
  • Works of Shakespeare focused on humanismhuman
    faults, strengths, tragedy, comedy, and classical
    worldJulius Caesar, etc.

14
Visual Renaissance
15
Florence CathederalBy Brunelleschi
16
St. Marks basilica in Venice
17
Tempietto
18
Florence Baptistry
19
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20
Sistine ChapleBy Michelangelo
21
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22
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23
Tribute MoneyBy Masaccio
24
The Last SupperBy DaVinci
25
Mona Lisa
26
Ventruvian Man
27
School of AthensBy Raphael
28
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30
Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and Wife By Van
Eyck
31
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32
Writers
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