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History of Marine Science

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History of Marine Science 10,000 B.C. 800 A.D. Fastest Responders (in seconds) 0 Participant 1 0 Participant 2 0 Participant 3 0 Participant 4 0 Participant 5 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Marine Science


1
History of Marine Science
  • 10,000 B.C. 800 A.D.

2
Homework
  • Read Chapter 2
  • Pages 2- 10
  • Answer study questions 1-5 p 2-4
  • Be prepared to answer the two questions on page
    2-2 in class
  • What are the 3 reasons to learn the history of
    Oceanography?
  • What are the four main stages in the history of
    oceanography?

3
In The Begining
_________ people used bone to make
harpoons. __________ people made fishing hooks
and nets more than 10,000 years ago.
4
________- refuse (garbage dump) of shells and
bones found in piles near beachfronts. Give clues
to what was eaten by these prehistoric peoples.
5
From Shore to Water
Simple rafts such as these trees lashed together
were mans first attempts at navigation. Mans
first relationship with the sea was based on the
finding of _____.
6
Paleolithic people made bone ___________ to fish
from shore.
  1. Nets
  2. Fishing Hooks
  3. Harpoons
  4. Knives

7
Over 10,000 years ago _________ people made
fishing nets and hooks to fish.
  1. Neolithic
  2. Paleolithic
  3. Modern
  4. No

8
A Midden is a garbage dump.
  1. True
  2. False

9
Fastest Responders (in seconds)
1.84 Dominick Guastella
3.53 Charles Badman
3.93 Kristy Benevento
4.52 Katherine Petryczka
4.71 Douglas Miller





10
The first sea voyage?
  • The earliest recorded sea voyage took place
    around ___________under the leadership of the
    Egyptian Pharaoh Snefru
  • Historians and Scientists believe that seafaring
    was commonplace for some time before that in
    ancient Egypt

11
Other firsts..
  • First voyage of exploration documented around
    _________ B.C.
  • Egyptians entombed an entire ship (reed boat) in
    the _____________________
  • This gives us the earliest glimpse of a ancient
    ship building

12
Boat of ________
13
The Phoenicians
  • The Phoenician Empire centered in what is now
    modern day Libya is today
  • The established the first _______ ______
    _________ as far as the British Isles.

Early Phoenician Coin depicting Phoenician war
ship Notice the Sea Monster!
14
The Oldest Shipwreck
  • Marine Archeologist _________found this ship
    which dates back to around _______ (King Tut was
    the Pharaoh of Egypt at the time of its sailing)

The ship itself has disappeared but the cargo
remained largely intact
15
Phoenician Ships
Early Design
War Ship
16
Polynesian explorers
______years ago Polynesian and Micronesian navigat
ors were making some of mankinds greatest
voyages of discovery. Within 2500 years they had
settled almost every island in the Pacific an
area of about _______ _____________
17
Simple yet extremely effective!!
  • Imagine Traveling thousands of miles on the open
    ocean in one of these

18
The Earliest Navigation Aids
A __________________ ______is a
sophisticated navigation aid based on knowledge
the directions of approaching swells as well as
wave refraction.
Polynesians also used the stars to explore
Micronesia in their double-hulled canoes.
19
Still used by some to this day!
Marshallese sailors navigating with a stick
chart.
20
Kon Tiki
  • In 1947 _______ _____________
  • built a replica of a _________________
  • to see if such a craft was capable of sailing
    thousands of miles in the open ocean. Sailing
    from Peru to
  • Movie and Book were produced from this adventure
  • The trip lasted _____ days and the 5 men
    traveled over ______ ________

21
The Kon Tiki Raft at the Kon Tiki Museum in Oslo
Norway
22
Earliest recorded sea voyage was by the
  1. Polynesians
  2. Egyptians
  3. Phoenicians
  4. Europeans

23
The earliest surviving ship was entombed in the
  1. Pyramid of Snefru
  2. Pyramid of Khufu
  3. Pyramid of Tut
  4. None of the above

24
The Marine Archeologist who found the oldest
shipwreck
  1. Robert Ballard
  2. George Bass
  3. James Cook
  4. John Harrison

25
The Polynesians sailed the ________ Ocean in
double hulled canoes
  1. Atlantic
  2. Indian
  3. Pacific
  4. Polynesian

26
The Kon Tiki voyage lasted
  1. 2 weeks
  2. 1 year
  3. 196 days
  4. 101 days

27
Fastest Responders (in seconds)










28
Greek Exploration and Discovery
  • Greek contributions are mainly in the areas of
    Navigation and Cartography (map making)
  • _________ determined that tides can be predicted
    based on the phases of the Moon.

Born 380 AD Died 310 AD.
29
  • Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the
    earth. He also invented the first Latitude
    Longitude system (irregular)
  • __________ improved on his system and we still
    use this regular grid system today!
  • Over 2000 years later!!!!

Hipparchus
Eratosthenes
30
Maps
  • ____________ the Father of History
  • Publishes _____________ in 450 BC
  • No copies survive
  • This is what they
  • Believe it looked
  • like

31
______ determined that tides can be predicted
based on the phases of the Moon
  1. Eratosthenes
  2. Hipparchus
  3. Pytheas
  4. Plato

32
__________ published the first map of 450 BC
  1. Herodotus
  2. Aristophanes
  3. Hipparchus
  4. Eratosthenes

33
The grid system invented and perfected by the
Greeks is know today as
  1. Graphing
  2. Latitude and Longitude
  3. GPS
  4. Mapping

34
Fastest Responders (in seconds)
0 Participant 1
0 Participant 2
0 Participant 3
0 Participant 4
0 Participant 5




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