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MINOANS

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PHOENICIANS The alphabet (where we get the word Phonetic) (the Phoenicians were Hooked on Phonics ) Who conquered most of Phoenicia? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MINOANS


1
MINOANS
  • 2000-1400 BC
  • Lived on Crete. Why do we call them Minoans?
  • Major influence on Greece
  • Knossos was capital city. Had no fortifications.
    What might this mean?
  • Linear A
  • Culture ends about 1200 BC. Why?

2
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3
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4
PHOENICIANS
  • 1100 BC, Phoenicians now most powerful traders
    along Mediteranean
  • Mainly area now known as Lebanon
  • Made up of city states (Byblos, Tyre, Sidon)
  • Colonized northern Africa. What was their
    greatest colony?
  • Remarkable shipbuilders (possible voyages?)

5
PHOENICIANS
  • The alphabet (where we get the word Phonetic)
    (the Phoenicians were Hooked on Phonics ?)
  • Who conquered most of Phoenicia?

6
INDO-EUROPEANS
7
HITTITES
  • Controlled Asia Minor
  • Fought Egyptians and Babylon
  • Were advanced militarily due to the use of
    chariots and iron
  • Conquered around 1190 BC

8
ARYANS
  • Took over Indus River Valley
  • Left no archaeological record
  • However, left us the Vedas, their sacred
    literature.
  • Developed Caste system

9
HINDUISM
  • Aryan religion influenced and led to Hinduism
  • Multiple Gods (Brahma/Vishnu/Shiva)
  • Extremely complex (many variations)
  • Reincarnation and Moksha/Nirvana
  • Concept of Karma

10
BUDDHISM
  • Founded by Siddhartha Gautama
  • Other ways to reach Nirvana
  • 4 Noble Truths
  • 8 Fold Path
  • Complex with different variations (Tibetan/Zen)
  • Has actually found more acceptance in the Far
    East than in India (theories?)

11
BUDDHISM
  • Eightfold Path
  • Right view
  • Right intention
  • Right speech
  • Right action
  • Right livelihood
  • Right effort
  • Right mindfulness
  • Right concentration

12
BUDDHISM
  • 4 Noble Truths
  • Life as we know it ultimately is or leads to
    suffering/uneasiness
  • Suffering is caused by craving.
  • Suffering ends when craving ends
  • Reaching this liberated state is achieved by
    following the teachings of the Buddha.

13
INDUS RIVER VALLEY
  • Modern Day NE India
  • Source of Indus riverHimalayas
  • Surrounded on three sides by mountains (Himalayas
    and Hindu Kush), Southern boundary is Arabian Sea
  • Invasions came through the Khyber Pass
  • Harrapans (2500-1500 BCE)

14
INDUS RIVER VALLEY
  • Major cities Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
  • City grid system (4 quarters? Political,
    residential, economic, religious)
  • Underground sewage system
  • We dont understand their language
  • What happened?
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