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The Phoenicians

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The Phoenicians Miss Buffalino Where is it today? Lebanon Syria Israel Geography Located near a coastal plain between the Mediterranean Sea and the Lebanon Mountains. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Phoenicians


1
The Phoenicians
  • Do Now Quiz

2
Canaanites 3000 BCE
3
Where is it today?
  • Lebanon
  • Syria
  • Israel

4
Geography
  • Coastal plain between the Mediterranean Sea and
    the Lebanon Mountains
  • Canaan
  • Land was not suitable for farming

5
Language
  • Semitic language

6
Government
  • Did not establish a unified monarch.
  • Independent city-states.

7
Major Cities
  • Tyre
  • Sidon
  • Beirut
  • Byblos

8
Economy
  • Industry and trade.
  • Trade
  • Israelites, Mesopotamians and Egyptians.
  • Established commercial cities Rhodes, Cyprus,
    Sicily, Sardinia, Spain and N. Africa.
  • Excellent sailors
  • Best ships of their time.
  • Had to be, lacked natural resources.

9
Religion
  • Polytheistic and tied to nature.
  • Each city-state had their own rituals.

10
Phoenician Alphabet
  • Relied on cuneiform for approx. a millennium.
  • Devised an alternative to cuneiform.
  • Alphabet that consisted of 22 symbols
    representing consonants.
  • Did not have vowels.
  • Easier to read, more people were literate than
    ever before.
  • Greatest contribution to modern civs!

11
(No Transcript)
12
The Fall
  • Cyrus the Great conquered Phoenicia in 539 B.C.
  • Cyrus the Great was a Persian leader. (Iran)

13
Create a propaganda poster
  • Why would someone want to move to Phoenicia?
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