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Between the Wars The ROARING 20s

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Between the Wars The ROARING 20s Impact of World War I Politics There were three Republican presidents during the 1920s Warren Harding -return to normalcy -scandal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Between the Wars The ROARING 20s


1
Between the Wars The ROARING 20s
2
  • By 1920, the Great War has officially ended.
    However, the world has seen more fighting, death,
    and destruction than ever before. In total, over
    16 million people have been killed (21 million
    wounded), with a loss of 116,708 Americans. How
    do you think most Americans are feeling at the
    end of the war? What impact do you think this
    First World War will have on Americans views of
    society and their daily lives?
  • 1920 also begins the decade known as the Roaring
    Twenties. What ideas, events, or people do you
    associate with the Roaring Twenties?

3
Impact of World War I
Massive Casualties Flu Disillusionment
4
Politics
  • There were three Republican presidents during the
    1920s
  • Warren Harding
  • -return to normalcy
  • -scandal- Teapot
  • Dome
  • -died in office
  • Calvin Coolidge
  • -silent Cal
  • -the business of America is
  • business
  • -tariffs/no help for farmers
  • Herbert Hoover
  • -self-made millionaire
  • -won, in part, because he ran against a
    Catholic- Alfred Smith
  • -promised prosperity/promised to
  • eliminate poverty

5
Economy
  • Brief post-war depression/ agriculture suffered
    the most
  • Gov. was pro-business/limited gov.
    interference/did not enforce antitrust laws/cut
    spending
  • Economic boom/people gained more wealth/ people
    invested in the stock market (often buying on
    margin)
  • Consumer economy/advertising
  • Automobiles- one car per family by the end of the
    decade/automobile industry becomes bigger than
    the railroads/spurs other industries (rubber,
    glass, steel, gasoline)

6
The Arts
  • Harlem Renaissance- (Great Migration) African
    American artistic movement where works expressed
    emotions from bitterness and resentment to hope
    and joy (Langston Hughes)
  • Jazz (Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, etc.)
  • The Lost Generation- (Ernest Hemingway, F.
    Scott Fitzgerald, Erich Maria Remarque) Literary
    movement that expressed disillusionment with the
    ideals of earlier times (materialism,
    business-oriented culture, religion, sacrifices
    of wartime)

7
Entertainment
  • Radio (NBC, CBS)
  • Movies/talkies- Hollywood established
  • Baseball
  • Boxing
  • Celebrities
  • -Charles Lindbergh
  • -Babe Ruth

8
New Era Traditionalists
  • People who had deep respect for long-held
    cultural and religious values and believed those
    values provided stability to society Wanted to
    return to pre-war era

9
New Era Modernists
  • People who embraced the new ideas, styles and
    trends Wanted to move forward and redefine
    society in wake of war

10
Traditionalism v. Modernism
11
Traditionalism v. Modernism
12
Traditionalism v. Modernism
13
Tensions Play Out
  • Role of women (19th Amendment, Flappers)
  • Prohibition (18th Amendment-Volstead Act,
    Bootlegging, Speakeasies, Organized Crime)
  • Religion Scopes Monkey Trial (Fundamentalism-
    Billy Sunday/Aimee Semple McPherson, Creation vs.
    Evolution)
  • Immigration/Race relations (Restrictive Quotas,
    Red Scare, Palmer Raids, Sacco and Vanzetti
    Trial, Chicago Race Riots, KKK, Back to Africa
    Movement-Marcus Garvey)
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