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Prosperity, Depression and the New Deal (1919-1941)


Unit 3 Prosperity, Depression and the New Deal (1919-1941) The Post-World War I period was characterized by economic, social and political turmoil. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Prosperity, Depression and the New Deal (1919-1941)

Unit 3
  • Prosperity, Depression and the New Deal
  • The Post-World War I period was characterized by
    economic, social and political turmoil. Post-war
    prosperity brought about changes to American
    popular culture. However, economic disruptions
    growing out the years led to worldwide
    depression. The United States attempted to deal
    with the Great Depression through economic
    programs created by the federal government.

Chapter 3 Social Changes
  • Content Statement Movements such as the Harlem
    Renaissance, African-American migration, womens
    suffrage and Prohibition all contributed to
    social change.
  • Expectations for Learning Describe social
    changes that came from the Harlem Renaissance,
    African-American migration, womens suffrage and

Section 1 The Harlem Renaissance
  • Content Elaboration The Harlem Renaissance was
    a celebration of African-American culture and
    contributed to social change. The themes of
    African American art and literature gave pride to
    people of African heritage and increased
    awareness of the struggles related to intolerance
    and life in large urban centers. Jazz flourished
    during the Harlem Renaissance and became an
    established American music genre.

Popular Culture and the Harlem Renaissance
  • The 1920s are popularly remembered as a time
    when people rebelled against decorum and styles.
    Manners became more relaxed and less formal.
    Fashion became more comfortable and revealing.
    Pastimes were deliberately silly and flamboyant.
    Artists, writers, and musicians experimented with
    new ideas and styles.

Harlem Renaissance
  • a. An area in New York City called Harlem.
  • b. In Harlem, many African-Americans became
    great writers, poets, musicians, entertainers,
    and scholars.
  • d. Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen were
    famous poets in Harlem.

  • Langston Hughes Countee Cullen

Music and Dances
  • a. Jazz was creative and energetic and always
  • b. It started in the South
  • c. Some famous jazz artists include
  • 1. Louis Armstrong
  • 2. Duke Ellington
  • 3. George Gershwin
  • d. New Dances Develop
  • The Charleston and The Hug became popular.

Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, George Gershwin,
and The Charleston
Section 2 Womens Suffrage
  • Content Elaboration The movement to give women
    suffrage saw the fruition of its goal with the
    passage of the 19th Amendment. The change
    brought more women into the political process,
    eventually including women running for public

19th Amendment
  • Passed in 1920
  • Womens suffrage--the right to vote
  • at first, many women did not vote
  • politics/voting seen as the husbands job
  • votes influenced by their husbands
  • Many more women got involved in the political
    process, including running for office

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Women celebrate the passing of the 19th Amendment
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The Flapper
  • Q What is a flapper?
  • A A modern young woman who rejected the strict
    values of the past and advocated more open
    attitudes toward lifestyle and fashion.
  • flappers symbolized the new freedom of women
    (19th amendment passed in 1920)
  • short hair cuts, wore short skirts (past the
    knee), wore makeup and bright red lipstick
  • most women were NOT flappers, but they became the
    popular image of the 1920s

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Section 3 Prohibition
  • Content Elaboration Prohibition had mixed
    results. Establishments that openly sold liquor
    closed their doors. Prohibition lacked popular
    support. It further divided the nation along
    secularist/fundamentalist, rural/urban and
    modern/traditional lines. It led to speakeasies
    and increased organized crime. The law was
    difficult to enforce and was repealed with the
    21st amendment.

  • 18th amendment Prohibited the manufacture, sale
    or transportation of alcohol
  • everybody broke this law
  • bootleggers and speakeasies
  • organized crime. Ex Al Capone
  • 21st amendment repealed the 18th amendment

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OGT Multiple Choice
  • The Flappers
  • A. cut their hair short
  • B. wore a lot of makeup and red lipstick
  • C. wore short skirts
  • D. all of the above

OGT Multiple Choice
  • The emergence of many great African-American
    writers, poets, musicians, entertainers, and
    scholars in the New York City area was known as
  • A. New York City Renaissance
  • B. Harlem Renaissance
  • C. Black Renaissance
  • D. Manhattan Renaissance

OGT Multiple Choice
  • (Practice Test Booklet, 2005) In 1919 the United
    States ratified the 18th Amendment, which made
    the production, selling, and buying of alcoholic
    beverages illegal. One of the unintended results
    of Prohibition was that
  • A. people stopped drinking alcohol
  • B. there was less crime because there was less
  • C. there was a growth in organized crime
  • D. alcohol consumption dropped considerably

OGT Multiple Choice
  • (Practice Test Booklet, 2005) During the 19th
    century women did not hold elected office, while
    in the twentieth century there was an increase in
    the number of women holding offices at the local,
    state, and national levels of government. What
    was the major reason for this change in women
    participating in government?
  • A. Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision in
  • B. Ratification of the 19th Amendment to the
    Constitution in 1920
  • C. Election of John F. Kennedy to the presidency
    in 1960
  • D. Passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

OGT Multiple Choice
  • (Practice Test Booklet, 2005) The presidential
    election of 1920 was a landmark election in
    United States history because
  • A. Warren G. Harding was the first Republican to
    be elected President.
  • B. it was the 1st election in which
    African-Americans could vote for Pres.
  • C. Woodrow Wilson was the 1st president to be
    elected to a third term
  • D. it was the first election in which women
    could vote for president

OGT Multiple Choice
  • (Practice Test Booklet, 2005) Select the decade
    in which women in the United States got the right
    to vote
  • A. 1920s
  • B. 1940s
  • C. 1960s
  • D. 1980s

OGT Multiple Choice
  • 2005 (Practice Test) How did the U.S.
    Constitution change as a result of the
    ratification of the 19th Amendment?
  • A. The right of suffrage was extended to women.
  • B. Freedom of assembly was restricted
  • C. The power of government decreased
  • D. Freedom of the press was strengthened

OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which of the following was not true about the
  • A. Automobiles became very popular
  • B. Women became less independent
  • C. Radios brought news and entertainment
  • D. Young people became attracted to hot jazz
    and fast cars

OGT Multiple Choice
  • The Roaring Twenties were characterized by
  • A. jazz music
  • B. speakeasies
  • C. flappers
  • D. all of the above

OGT Extended Response
  • Women received the right to vote in 1920 (4
  • Which amendment gave this right?
  • Describe two reasons why women would want this
  • What was one effect of the passing of this