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Harlem Renaissance

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Harlem Renaissance African American culture explodes Harlem 1920s A. The Harlem Renaissance 1. The Harlem Renaissance was an explosion of African-American culture ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 11 September 2019
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Title: Harlem Renaissance


1
Harlem Renaissance
  • African American culture explodes

2
Harlem 1920s
  • A. The Harlem Renaissance
  • 1. The Harlem Renaissance was an explosion of
    African-American culture, art and music.
  • a. We discussed some of it yesterday, Jazz
    music.
  • 2. The Great Migration
  • a. Beginning in 1910, African-Americans began
    leaving the segregated South for better
    opportunities and freedom in the North.

3
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4
Harlem 1920s
  • 1. Wanted to escape racial violence
  • 2. Wanted to escape poverty
  • Sharecropping- owed a percentage of crops to the
    land owner (very high percentage, often 70-90!!!
  • Jim Crow laws
  • Legal segregation in the south
  • Separate but equal

5
Harlem 1920s
  • b. WWI
  • 1. During the war, factory work exploded, and
    with many men leaving for the front in Europe,
    African Americans took jobs in Detroit, Chicago,
    Cincinnati, and Cleveland!
  • 2. Racial Tensions in the North
  • a. Due to the increase in African Americans, race
    riots broke out in the Northern cities, Chicago
    being the worst. (1919 Riots)

6
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7
Harlem 1920s
  • 3. KKK makes a come back in the North as well.
  • a. Lima, OH

8
Harlem 1920s
  • 3. Harlem
  • a. A northern NYC area, Harlem became the
    capital of African-American culture.
  • 1. Major African American leaders in Harlem
  • WEB Dubois- NAACP founder, The Crisis
    writer/editor
  • Marcus Garvey- Back-to-Africa leader,
    Black Star Shipping Line

9
Harlem 1920s
  • b. The Arts- A new breed of African American
    artists made art FOR African Americans!
  • 1. Langston Hughes- A poet and writer
  • 2. Aaron Douglas- Painter
  • 3. Louis Armstrong- Musician
  • 4. Bessie Smith- Musician
  • 5. Paul Robeson- Actor

10
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11
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12
Harlem 1920s
  • L. Hughes, Dream Deferred
  • What happens to a dream deferred?
  •  Does it dry up  like a raisin in the sun?
  •  Or fester like a sore--  and then run?
  •  Does it stink like rotten meat?  Or crust and
    sugar over--  like a syrupy sweet?
  • Maybe it just sags  like a heavy load.
  • Or does it explode?

13
Harlem 1920s
  • c. The Harlem Renaissance, for the first time,
    created a Black culture in America. 1. This
    culture widely appealed to many urban white
    Americans, and music, like Jazz become popular
    among all races and areas in the US.
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