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Visegrad Summer School Magda V ryov 7.7.2014 My adventure with NGOs 1990 1993 ambassador in Austria clerk 1993 NGO SFPA founder 1999 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sn


1
Visegrad Summer School
Magda Vášáryová
7.7.2014
2
My adventure with NGOs
  • 1990 1993 ? ambassador in Austria clerk
  • 1993 ? NGO SFPA founder
  • 1999 ? presidential candidacy executive
  • 2000 2005 ? ambassador in Poland clerk
  • 2005 2006 ? Secretary of State of the MFA SR
    politician
  • 2006 - member of parliament politician
  • 2007 NGO Via Cultura, IKP founder

3
When actually an inhabitant became a citizen?
  • civil society emerged as a consequence of
  • the Enlightenment
  • The French revolution (1789)
  • civil society expropriates what was part of the
    religion before ? consequence of liberal
    Protestantism
  • the year 1789 is not universal for the whole
    world
  • abolition of serfdom - revolutionary year 1848
  • the voice of active citizens in Central Europe
    in 1989
  • state lost its monopoly for political life

4
Totalitarian regimes constrained freedom to
establish NGOs
  • ... but some NGOs existed

The House of Gardeners
Stamp collectors
Fishing associations
5
Inhabitants should have been happy, always smiling
We honestly fulfill tasks at the construction
sites of youth... Come among us!
In solid union of workers and peasants... A
happiness and wealth of our people grows
Our homeland will be beautifull and rich
6
The fundamental question today sounds
  • How is it possible that even intelligent people
    have fallen into the trap of these kind of
    propaganda?

Ilia Erenburg
Martin Heidegger
7
Big Brother watched...
... in prisons and gulags
Alexandr Solženicyn
8
Why Charter 77 was not an NGO?
  • Because then Ministry of the Interior of
    socialist Czechoslovakia would not have
    registered it. On the contrary, it would have
    imprisoned its participants.

Signature of Václav Havel under the Charter 77
9
WHY?
  • Civil society associated in NGOs is one of the
    most important sources of
  • critical thinking.

10
1989
  • The year of liberation of the citizens within V4
    countries

11
Slovak NGOs Case
  • Živena (1869 rebuilt in 1989) the oldest
    Slovak women association as the first NGO
  • SAIA (1990) - Slovak Academic Information Agency
    assists to internationalization of education and
    science in Slovakia
  • SFPA (1993) Slovak Foreign Policy Association
    serves as a discuss forum international issues
    and foreign policy in Slovakia
  • IVO (1997) Institute for Public Affairs is
    think-tank producing independent analysis of
    public policy issues

12
International NGOs pressure
  • Transparency International
  • Amnesty International
  • Greenpeace

13
The main problem with NGOs
  • FINANCES
  • an enormous technological, cultural and
    institutional debts of post-communist countries
  • lack of prosperous and stable companies
  • lack of valid information and contacts
  • lack of modern legislative and good judges

14
Key problem of financial resources (again!)
  • Resource western foundations (U.S., Germany,
    Great Britain, Japan, Switzerland)
  • Resource embassies (Norwegian Funds, the
    Netherlands, Belgium, Taiwan)
  • Resource supranational corporations (Siemens,
    Eset,...)
  • Resource domestic 2 from taxes (asignation of
    2)
  • The biggest resource voluntary contributions

15
Villa Decius Association (1995)
  • very good example how to revive tradition
  • how to restore and modernise Villa
  • how to fill Villa with many activities and
    especially young people
  • how to strengthen amicus certus in paradis
    terrestiare
  • how to continue what started in 1528
  • the result - centre of Cracow humanism

16
Crucial year for NGOs in Slovakia
  • parliamentary elections in 1998
  • emergence of the Third sector
  • Citizen eye
  • record 80 turnout of first-time voters

17
Golden age of NGOs (from political point of view)
  • struggle for saving democracy and western
    orientation of V4 countries
  • help for those who did not succeed
  • fight against anti-European propaganda in V4

18
Continuation...
  • Diverzification of NGOs
  • national
  • regional
  • international politics
  • education
  • CHARITY the result new Mr. President of
    Slovakia!

19
NGOs are not a magic formula for problems of all
kind
WHY?
  • NGOs established by straw men
  • pseudoNGOs with clear political aims
  • NGOs as a centre of radical thoughts
  • NGOs as a quiet port for retired experts
  • NGOs as cache for uncooperative individualists

20
Positives
  • work for NGO as religiousness that spilt from
    outside to inside towards open humanism
  • work for NGO as creative temporary employment
  • work for NGO as unique experience of personal
    development
  • work for NGO as source of critical thinking
  • work in flexible structure

21
Negatives
  • critical thinking without responsibility
  • danger of permanent moralizing
  • stagnation in pullover culture
  • result of frustration or excessive enthusiasm
  • result is adolescent requests

22
BUT...
  • Who was not in NGO does not know what it means to
    be a citizen of 21st century
  • As a volunteer
  • As an employer
  • As an expert
  • As a supporter

23
... however
  • Who thinks that work for an NGO is a lifelong
    employment takes a great risk
  • U.S. citizens constantly switch among functions
  • NGO ? executive ? parliament ? academics ? NGO?
    executive ? ...
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