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Joseph Stalin

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... Power Created the Central Purge Commission in 1933 Over a million are kicked out of the party Millions were sent to gulags, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Joseph Stalin


1
1879-1953
  • Joseph Stalin

2
Rise to Power
  • Lenin had wanted Leon Trotsky to succeed him
  • However, Stalin stresses his eternal devotion to
    Lenin (plans his funeral, gives speeches)
  • Became General Secretary of Communist Party 1923

3
  • Trotsky

4
  • By 1927 Trotsky and other rivals are expelled
    from the party
  • In 1928, Stalin began the first of his 5-year
    plans
  • The goal was to improve industry and agriculture
    (Govt takes over)
  • Many resisted this and it was believed that as
    many as 3 million were killed (Kulaks)

5
Total Power
  • Created the Central Purge Commission in 1933
  • Over a million are kicked out of the party
  • Millions were sent to gulags, prison labor camps
  • Also had Show Trials between 1937-1938

6
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7
  • At the show trials, people were forced to confess
    and were executed (torture rewards anti-Stalin
    spying)
  • It was estimated that 35,000 military officers
    were imprisoned or executed
  • This will come back to haunt Stalin
  • Trotsky flees to Mexico

8
Cult of Personality
  • Stalin adopted this
  • This means that countries use mass media to
    portray a heroic image of a leader
  • Statues were made large to hide the fact that he
    was only 5 foot 4

9
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10
Stalin and Hitler
  • Hitler and Stalin signed a Non-Aggression Pact in
    August of 1939
  • Each side vows not to attack the other
  • World War II will start less than two weeks later

11
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12
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