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Art of Ancient Greece

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Title: Art of Ancient Greece


1
Art of Ancient Greece
2
Unit Concepts
  • 1. Greek art, like the Greek people, was a
    product of the intermingling of several cultures
    initially.
  • 2. Greek art continually evolves and develops to
    reflect the philosophies of the time.
  • 3. The two constants in Greek art are a love of
    nature and an emphasis on humanism.

Egyptian art was famous for not changing for
thousands of years, but Greek art is known for
changing to match evolving philosophies.
3
Historical Background
  • Relationship to Minoan and Mycenaean

Greece 1000 B.C. - 100 A.D.
Mycenaean 1600-1200 B.C.
Minoan 3000-1400 B.C.
4
Five Periods and Dates
  • 1. Proto-Geometric (1000-700 B.C.)
  • 2. Archaic (700-480 B.C.)
  • 3. Transitional or Severe (480 - 450 B.C.)
  • 4. Classical- Golden Age of Greece (450-300
    B.C.)
  • 5. Hellenistic (300 B.C. - 100 A.D.)

5
Dates and Events
6
First Olympics
  • 776 B.C.
  • The Olympics were very high profile, more for
    professionals than amateurs. Athletes would
    train for 11 months and then stand nude before
    the judges. The body doesnt lie.

7
Solons Law Code
  • 594 B.C.
  • Solon was the archon of Athens. He codified the
    laws. They were very harsh and strict.
    Draconian.

8
Persian Wars
  • 499 B.C. Ionian Greeks stage an uprising.
    Persia goes in to put down the rebels. Athenians
    help the Ionians, so Persia decides to attack the
    mainland. Although Persia had some victories,
    they were soundly defeated at the battle of
    Marathon in 490 B.C.
  • In 480 B.C., after 10 years of preparation Xerxes
    again attacks Greece. At the Battle of
    Thermopylae, King Leonidas of Sparta and his
    7,000 soldiers hold off the 200,000 (/-) Persian
    army. After most had surrendered, Leonidas and
    his 300 Spartans almost held off the Persians at
    the pass, inflicting massive casualties.
  • Persia broke through and started wreaking havoc,
    but was defeated by the navy at the Battle of
    Salamis.

9
Persian War
  • When the Persians broke through and defeated the
    Greeks, they felt that they had been abandoned by
    their gods. They felt they had to depend on
    themselves only. This led to a rise of humanism,
    the belief that humans are highly intelligent and
    beautiful beings that deserve homage and respect.

10
Golden Age of Pericles
  • 479-431 B.C.
  • Famous Athenian city-state ruler who defeats
    Persians and rebuilds Athens. Updates and
    rebuilds everything in the classical style.

11
Peloponnesian War
  • 431-404 B.C.

12
Philip of Macedonia
  • 357-336 B.C.
  • Father of Alexander the Great. he united
    Macedonia and conquered Greece. Hired Aristotle
    to tutor Alexander.

13
Alexander the Great
  • Conquers the world and spreads Greeces influence

14
Fall of Greece to Rome
  • The Greeks had polises, or city-states. They
    never ever fully united. In fact, the whole
    Peloponnesian war was because Sparta thought
    Athens was getting too strong. If they had
    united, they probably could have defeated anyone.
    But, they never were, and Rome defeated them.
  • 146 B.C. Battle of Corinth. Rome defeats the
    wealthiest and one of most powerful polises, thus
    crushing the will of Greece and asserting
    authority.

15
Philosophies and People
16
Humanism
  • Man is most important above all the other
    animals. Man can and will take care of himself.
    Man has superior intellect, beauty, and physical
    prowess.

17
The Big Three
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Aristotle

18
Socrates
19
Socrates
  • Socrates was a philosopher who believed that his
    role was to help people think and question the
    world around them. He would teach by asking them
    questions- the Socratic method.
  • He felt he was the gadfly of the state.
    Obnoxious and annoying, but successful in
    spurring the lazy horse of state into activity.
    He felt it his calling and duty to educate young
    men who had a good hold on their shoulders,
    particulary Plato.
  • He was so successful at being annoying, that the
    Athenian government felt he was corrupting the
    youth. Ordered him to death by drinking hemlock.
    The Apology.

20
Plato- the Idealist
  • Plato believed that there was a perfect,
    beautiful truth out there. Believed in a
    pre-existence where everything was perfect. He
    believes that there is still the shadow of this
    perfection in everything, but we have to look for
    it. He influenced art by having sculptors and
    painters not paint for what was really there, but
    the perfection that is behind everything.

21
Aristotle- the Realist
  • Aristotle disagreed with Plato. Rather than look
    for the perfect, he found joy in the realistic.
    He was the king of applying rational, scientific
    thinking to solving problems. He liked things to
    be more practical and utilitarian.
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