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TOTAL WAR

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Title: World War I Author: Redwood High School Last modified by: Tamalpais High School Created Date: 11/21/2002 7:38:33 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TOTAL WAR


1
TOTAL WAR
2
M.A.I.N.
4 Primary Causes of World War I
  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Imperialism
  • Nationalism

3
The Start of War
Assassination of Archduke June 1914
4
Kaiser Wilhelms 2 Critical Mistakes
  • He let Germanys alliance with Russia collapse
    1890
  • Built a large Navy to compete with Great Britain
    1897

5
Alliances
6
Allied vs. Central Powers
7
Crisis in the Balkans
Home to various ethnic groups
Formerly controlled by Ottoman Empire
Known as Europes Powder Keg
8
The Schlieffen Plan
  • What German military plan for 2-front war
  • Strategy A quick attack on France through
    Belgium followed by an attack on Russia
  • Speed was critical for plans success

General Alfred Schlieffen
9
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10
Great Britain
  • Outraged over attack on Belgium, England declares
    war on Germany (August 1914)

11
  • The Schlieffen Plan worked well at first
  • swept through Belgium into France
  • Battle of the Marne

France Germany each lose 250,000 men Germany
retreats
12
Western Eastern Front
  • STALEMATE occurred on Western Front
  • Develops into Trench Warfare
  • Russia attacks on Eastern Front
  • Russias army is very poorly equipped
  • Soldiers are not motivated and eventually rebel

13
Trench Warfare
14
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15
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16
TRENCH FOOT
This was an infection of the feet caused by cold,
wet and insanitary conditions. In the trenches
men stood for hours on end in waterlogged
trenches without being able to remove wet socks
or boots. The feet would gradually go numb and
the skin would turn red or blue. If untreated,
trench foot could turn gangrenous and result in
amputation.
17
Trench Foot
18
Life in the trenches?
19
New Modern War
  • Poison Gas
  • Machine Gun
  • Airplanes
  • Tanks
  • Submarines

20
Total War Effort
  • Govt took over most industry
  • Entire countrys economic and industrial output
    to support war effort
  • Home-front sacrifices had to be made
  • Meatless Monday
  • Wheat less Tuesdays
  • victory gardens
  • This expanded the role of government permanently

21
WWI Summary
  • World War I was supposed to be short Glorious
  • It turned into slow, deadly Trench Warfare
  • Stalemate lasted for years on Western Front
  • Eastern Front more mobile but demonstrated a
    deteriorating Russia
  • People felt disillusioned after the war-no clear
    war aims or reason for the destruction
  • Modern Warfare was deadly
  • Industrialization had forever changed the nature
    of war

22
All Quiet on the Western Front by E. M Remarque,
was a critical look at WWI and disconnect between
the leaders of each country and the soldiers who
were actually fighting. One of the first anti-war
novels and movies created in US.
Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori
23
POISON GAS
24
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25
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