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WORLD WAR I

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WORLD WAR I 1914--1918 WORLD WAR I Previous Conditions France and Germany were bitter enemies. Franco-Prussian War. Germany gained control of Alsace and Lorraine. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WORLD WAR I


1
WORLD WAR I
  • 1914--1918

2
WORLD WAR I
  • Previous Conditions
  • France and Germany
  • were bitter enemies.
  • Franco-Prussian War.
  • Germany gained
  • control of Alsace and
  • Lorraine.
  • Why was this
  • important?

3
WORLD WAR I
  • Previous Conditions
  • Great BritainWhy is
  • Britain important
  • geographically? Who do
  • you think they were
  • competing against and
  • Why?

4
WORLD WAR I
  • Previous Conditions
  • Russia has geopolitical
  • issues as well dating as
  • far back as 1856?

5
WORLD WAR I
  • LONG TERM CAUSES
  • Nationalism
  • Pan-Slavism, Pan-Germanism
  • Militarism
  • Alliances

6
WORLD WAR I
  • Nationalism
  • The Balkans were an area of concern for
  • three empires Turkey, Austria-Hungary
  • and Russia
  • Austria-Hungary annexed
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1908.
  • Serbia resents Austria-Hungary considering
  • there were Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

7
WORLD WAR I
  • Pan-SlavismPan-Germanism
  • Russias right to protect all Germanys
    protection of
  • Slavic people living in Europe all German
    speaking people in Europe
  • Russia Serbia Austria Germany
  • -Hungary
    Clash between these
  • two enemies

8
WORLD WAR I
  • Militarism
  • Great BritainHow did geography effect
    militarism?
  • Naval Race--Germany had one of the most
    powerful armies but
  • needed to build up its navy.
  • Great Britain viewed this as a challenge. They
    created the
  • Two-Power Standard
  • Consequence of Militarism
  • --Fear and Distrust in Europe
  • --Military leaders had influence over civilian
    leaders

9
WORLD WAR I
  • Alliances
  • Dual Alliance---Germany and Austria1879
  • Agreed to help each other if attacked
    by Russia
  • 1882
  • Triple AllianceItaly joins. If any three are
    attacked each one
  • responds in kind
  • Central Powers the addition of the
    Ottoman Empire

10
WORLD WAR I
  • Alliances
  • Triple Entente
  • France Great Britain
  • Russia
  • Russia viewed Germany as a threat
  • Triple Entente becomes the Allied Powers

11
World War I
  • Alliances

12
World War I
  • Immediate Cause
  • The Balkans
  • The Powder Keg of Europe

13
World War I
  • Immediate Cause
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne
    of Austria-Hungary
  • Sarajevo
  • (Capital of Bosnia)
  • Occupied by Slavs and Serbians
  • Assassinated on June 28, 1914
  • by Gavro Princip
  • a Serbian Nationalist

14
World War I
  • Crash Course World History 36
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v_XPZQ0LAlR4

15
World War I
16
World War I
17
World War I
18
World War I
19
World War I
  • Immediate Cause
  • What happens after the assassination of
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
  • Austria Serbia
  • 1) Serbia must end all anti-Austria
  • agitation.
  • 2) Punish any Serbian official involved in the
  • plot.
  • 3) Must let Austria join the investigation
  • However, Ultimatum
  • (final list of demands)

sends
20
World War I
  • July 28, 1914
  • --Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
  • --Germany declares war on Russia and
    France.
  • --Great Britain is threatened and declares war
    on Germany on
  • August 4, 1914.

21
World War I
  • How does the United States get involved?
  • Lusitania--a British cruise liner

22
World War I
  • German Perspective
  • They believed the ship was armed with
  • weapons.
  • ResultAmerican public opinion of the war
    changes for the worse

23
World War I
  • Lustania

24
World War I
  • Zimmermann Note
  • German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann
  • Ambassador to Mexico
  • Germany would help Mexico to reconquer the lost
    territory in New Mexico, Texas and Arizona
  • Intercepted by the British in 1917
  • Wilson declares war in April 1917

25
World War I
  • Results
  • Treatry of Versailles
  • War Guilt Clause, Germany was responsible for
    starting World War I
  • Allies divided up Germanys colonies
  • Germany had to pay reparations to the victors
  • Reduced Germanys military, no army or navy

26
World War I
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vgKzZ1OwPXgk
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