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The Five Themes of Geography

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The Basics of Geography History is ... Geographer s Tools A globe is a 3-dimensional representation of the earth Geographer s Tools A map is a 2 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Five Themes of Geography


1
The Basics of Geography
2
(No Transcript)
3
Geography - the study of distribution and
interaction of physical and human features on the
earth
4
Geographers use a variety of tools
  • Maps
  • Charts
  • Graphs
  • Tables
  • Scale Models
  • Photographs

5
The study of Geography requires you to interpret
different types of information, or data.
  • Complete the questions in your packet over
  • 1. Tables
  • 2. Bar graphs
  • 3. Line graphs,
  • 4. Circle graphs
  • 5. Photographs and
  • 6. Diagrams

6
Geographers Tools
A globe is a 3-dimensional representation of
the earth
7
Geographers Tools
A map is a 2-dimensional representation of the
earth
8
Geographers Tools
Cartographer a person who makes maps
9
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10
GOES provides information about weather and
atmospheric conditions
11
Landsat a series of satellites orbiting more
than 100 miles above the Earth
Used for mapping and other information gathering
12
Landsat can be used to search for ancient ruins
by mapping
differences in the amount of heat absorbed by
different surfaces on the earth
13
GPS (Global Positioning System)
24 satellites
14
GIS is a digital database that stores information
This information can be combined to visualize the
use of space in different ways
15
T.O.D.A.L.S.
Title - describes the information
present   Orientation (compass rose) shows
where the basic directions (N,S,W,W) are on a
map   Date when the information on the map was
taken
16
T.O.D.A.L.S.
Author - the cartographer or person who made the
map   Legend - lists the symbols used on the
map, including any special colors or shading, and
identifies what each symbol represents   Scale -
Shows how much the map has been reduced
17
There are three types of maps
  • General Reference
  • Thematic
  • Population Density

18
General Reference - natural and man-made
features - physical (topographical) - political
19
Different Types of Maps
Physical maps help you see landforms and bodies
of water
20
Different Types of Maps
Political maps show features created by humans
such as countries and states
21
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22
Three types of thematic maps
Qualitative uses colors, symbols, dots or lines
to help you see patterns related to a specific
idea
23
Cartograms presents information about a country
based on a set of data other than land area. The
size of each country is drawn in proportion to
the data rather than its land size.
24
Flowline Illustrates movement of people, goods,
ideas animals, or even glaciers. The
information is usually shown in a series of
arrows.
Annual caribou migration
25
Population Density
Shows where people live in a specific area
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