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The Principles of the United States Constitution

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The Principles of the United States Constitution Structure of the Constitution Preamble: Statement of purpose Articles: I: Legislative Branch II: Executive Branch III ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Principles of the United States Constitution


1
The Principles of the United States
Constitution
2
Structure of the Constitution
  • Preamble
  • Statement of purpose
  • Articles
  • I Legislative Branch
  • II Executive Branch
  • III Judicial Branch
  • IV Relations Among the States
  • V Amendment Process
  • VI Federal Power
  • VII Ratification
  • Amendments
  • 27 Total
  • 1st ten are the Bill of Rights

3
I. Popular Sovereignty
  • The PEOPLE hold the ultimate authority
  • the consent of the governed
  • A representative democracy lets the people elect
    leaders to make decisions for them.
  • Richard Burr Kay Hagan are our US Senators from
    NC
  • Sue Myrick, Larry Kissell, Mel Watt are our US
    Representatives from the Charlotte area.

4
II. Limited Government
  • Framers wanted to guard against tyranny
  • Government is limited to the power given to them
    in the Constitution.
  • The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep
    their power can be removed

5
III. Checks and Balances
  • Prevents the abuse of power in government
  • Each branch can check each of the other branches

6
IV. Separation of Powers
  • No branch holds too much power
  • Legislative branch makes the laws
  • Executive branch carries out the laws
  • Judicial branch interprets the laws

7
V. Federalism
  • The division of power broken down between State
    and National Governments
  • Some powers are shared
  • The National Government has the supreme power
    as stated in the Supremacy Clause
  • Small countries have a
  • unitary government

8
VI. Judicial Review
  • The power of the Judicial Branch to review and
    interpret the Constitution.
  • Declares executive acts, congressional acts, and
    laws UNCONSTITUTIONAL!
  • The Supreme Court holds the final check

9
Amendments
  • Constitution can be changed to reflect the view
    of the people
  • This is called amending the Constitution
  • 2 ways
  • Proposed by Congress/Ratified by 3/4th of states
  • Proposed by 2/3rd state legislatures/Ratified by
    3/4th of state

10
Powers
  • Enumerated Powers Powers that are given to the
    Federal Government that are specifically stated
  • Delegated Powers Powers given to the Fed. Gov.
  • Expressed Powers Powers given to the Federal
    Gov.
  • Reserved Powers Powers given to the States

11
Powers
  • Concurrent Powers Powers held by both the States
    and the Federal Government
  • Elastic Clause (art. 1) Congress can make laws
    that are necessary and proper to run the
    government
  • Implied Powers
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