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Basic Principles of the Constitution

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Basic Principles of the Constitution Everything you need to know Constitutional Outline Articles (7) Sections Clauses Amendments Create outline page 760 For Monday ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Basic Principles of the Constitution


1
Basic Principles of the Constitution
  • Everything you need to know

2
Constitutional Outline
  • Articles (7)
  • Sections
  • Clauses
  • Amendments
  • Create outline page 760

3
For Monday
  • Turn in all ch. 2 worksheets (stapled)

4
Federalism
  • System of government where the power is divided
    between the central and state governments

5
States act as laboratories
  • They can test ideas in a state to see if they can
    work for the whole country

6
National Powers (expressed)
  • Admit new states
  • Lay and collect taxes / coin
  • Make War
  • Raise armed forces
  • Regulate commerce
  • Conduct foreign policy

7
Reserved Powers
  • Powers reserved for the states
  • Basis for the 10th Amendment
  • Regulate trade w/in state
  • Schools
  • License
  • Regulate alcohol
  • Conduct elections

8
Concurrent Powers
  • Powers shared by both state and national
    government
  • Power to tax
  • Maintain courts
  • Define Crimes and punishment
  • Eminent Domain

9
Creating a Venn Diagram
10
Implied Powers
  • - powers the national govt needs in order to
    carry out expressed powers-
  • basis for the implied powers is the NECESSARY AND
    PROPER CLAUSE-

11
Supremacy Clause
  • Article 6 sec 2
  • If state law and federal law conflict, national
    govt will be supreme

12
How do states differ on these issues? (See
Article) Compare w/ Federal Govt
  • Minimum Wage
  • Stem Cell Research
  • Ban Same-Sex Marriage
  • Limits on Greenhouse Gases
  • Abortion

13
Checks and Balances
  • When the power of one branch can be blocked by
    another branch

14
How can Congress check the power of the President?
  • They make laws
  • Power of the purse ()
  • Can override a veto w/ 2/3 vote
  • Senate Approval
  • Can impeach the President

15
Impeachment
  • To bring charges against exclusive power to the
    HOUSE
  • Only for High crimes
  • Senate acts as the Jury (CJ presides)
  • If found guilty by Senate, he is removed
  • 2 Presidents have been impeached

16
How can the President check the power of Congress?
  • Veto
  • Call a special session of Congress
  • Appeal to the public

17
How can the Supreme Court Check the Power of
Congress?
  • Judicial review
  • Appointed for life

18
Formal Amendment Process
  • Step 1- Must be proposed by 2/3 majority of
    Congress
  • Step 2- Must be ratified by 3/4 of the states
  • formal amendment means it changed the writing
    of the Constitution

19
Separation of Powers
  • The powers of government should be divided
    between and given to different branches

20
Article I The Legislative Branch
  • Congress makes the laws
  • Bicameral legislative branch (2 houses)
  • Check Chart comparing House and Senate

21
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22
Senate (Basics)
  • 2 per state (100 total)
  • Serve 6 years terms
  • Must be 30 years old
  • Citizen for 9 years

23
House of Representatives (Basics)
  • 435 total members
  • 2 year terms
  • Must be 25 years of age
  • Citizen for 7 years

24
Major Differences
  • Constituency (people they represent)
  • Representation (districts v. state)
  • Unique Powers

25
Article II
  • The Executive Branch
  • The President

26
President Want Ad
  • Imagine you are an employer seeking qualified
    applicants to apply for the job of President of
    the United States. What are the formal
    requirements you would request, what are the
    informal qualifications you would include? The
    informal qualifications are up to you. What do
    you think some of the qualities of a good leader
    are? What experience would you ask for? What
    benefits does the job have? What is the job
    description? What are the Powers of the
    President? Remember, you want the most qualified
    person to lead this country. What would your
    want ad look like? Compose yours on a blank
    sheet of paper. Be creative- You want to make
    this an attractive job.

27
Qualifications
  • Must be a natural born citizen
  • At least 35 yrs old
  • Resident of the US for 14 years

28
Electing the President
  • Each state chooses electors to select the
    President
  • Each states electoral vote equals the numbers of
    Senators plus the number of representatives
  • IL 19 2 21

29
Electoral College
  • 538 is the total number of electors
  • 3 Minimum (8 states)
  • 271 needed to win
  • CA 55
  • TX 34
  • NY 31

30
Presidents Term
  • 4yrs
  • Limited to 2 terms (22nd Amend)
  • Maximum of 10 yrs
  • Election Day is 1st Tuesday in Nov. every 4 yrs

31
Powers of the President
  • Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces
  • (Civilian control)
  • Veto (to reject a bill)
  • Grant pardons
  • Make treaties
  • Appoint federal officials (ambassadors. Judges..)

32
Order of Succession
  • If Pres dies, or resigns.
  • The VP takes over
  • After VP, Speaker of the House
  • Then the President Pro Tempore
  • Then the Sec. of State

33
Sec. of State
34
Article III Judicial Branch
  • Supreme Court has final say on the INTERPRETATION
    of the Constitution
  • 9 Members, appointed by Pres
  • Confirmed by the Senate
  • Appointed for life
  • Judicial Review

35
Article IV
  • Full Faith and Credit clause
  • Relations between states
  • Each state must recognize laws of other states

36
Bill of Rights
  • Mind Map Assignment
  • Amendment 1-8

37
Amendments
  • After the Bill of Rights

38
The 13th
  • Abolishes Slavery

39
Voting Amendments
  • 15th African American Males
  • 19th Women
  • 26th 18 yr olds

40
16th
  • 16th Added An Income Tax

41
17th
  • Called for the direct election of Senators

42
18th and the 21st
  • 18th Prohibition
  • 21st Repeals 18th

43
Constitution Review
  • Constitution Crossword and
  • Review game

44
(No Transcript)
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