Facts to Know: The Civil War and Reconstruction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Facts to Know: The Civil War and Reconstruction

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Facts to Know: The Civil War and Reconstruction Reconstruction Process of allowing the former Confederate states to rejoin the Union. Lasted from 1865 to 1877. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Facts to Know: The Civil War and Reconstruction


1
Facts to KnowThe Civil War and Reconstruction
2
Reconstruction
  • Process of allowing the former Confederate
    states to rejoin the Union.
  • Lasted from 1865 to 1877.

3

1. Mason-Dixon Line
  • Dividing
  • Line between the North and South

4
3, 4,5Civil Rights Amendments(No Citizens
Suffr!)
  • 13th Amendment (No Slavery) slavery illegal
  • 14th Amendment all people Citizens except
    Native Americans
  • 15th Amendment Suffrage (right to vote) for
    African American men

5
6. Freedmens Bureau
  • Helped the newly freed slaves and poor whites by
    providing food, clothing, education and jobs.

6
7. Black Codes
  • Laws passed by
  • southern states to limit the freedom of former
    slaves
  • after the Civil War

7
8.Lincoln AssassinatedBy John Wilkes Booth
  • Five days after
  • the Civil War was over

8
9. President Andrew Johnson
  • Impeached because some members of Congress did
    not like his Reconstruction ideas
  • Not convicted
  • 1868 Ulysses S. Grant (R) becomes President

Grant 1868-1877 Served 2 terms
9
10. Carpetbaggers
  • Northern republicans who had moved South after
    the war
  • Some came to help but others got a bad reputation
    and were thought of as crooks

10
11. Scalawags
  • White
  • Southern Republicans who opposed the Democratic
    majority in the South

11
12. Ku Klux Klan
  • Secret society formed by white southern
    Protestants
  • Opposed civil rights for African
  • Americans

12
13. Segregation
  • Forced separation of one group from another group

13
14. Jim Crow Laws
  • Used in South to enforce segregation between
    whites and African Americans

14
15. End of Reconstruction
  • 1877, 12 years after the end of the Civil War
  • President Hayes, a Republican, removes federal
    troops from the
  • southern states

15
16. Sharecropping
  • African Americans and poor whites lived on an
    owners land and grew crops, which belonged to
    the owner

16
17. Poll Tax
  • Money that had to be paid in the South in order
    to be able
  • to vote

17
18. Buffalo Soldiers
  • Free African Americans, former slaves, and former
    Civil War African American soldiers who served in
    the U.S. military

18
19. Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Supreme Court case in 1896
  • Segregation legal as long as facilities, such as
    schools, for Blacks and Whites were equal
  • Facilities were not equal !!!

Later in Brown vs Board of education it was
overturned
19
Reconstruction / The Ten Percent Plan
  • Process of allowing the former Confederate
    states to rejoin the Union.
  • 1) Southerners had to swear an oath of loyalty
    to the U.S.
  • 2) Had to agree that slavery was illegal.
  • Lasted from 1865 to 1877.
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