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Missouri in the Civil War

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Missouri in the Civil War The Civil War On April 12, 1861, the first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. A civil war is a war between ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 9 July 2020
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Learn more at: http://www.perryville.k12.mo.us
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Title: Missouri in the Civil War


1
Missouri in the Civil War
2
The Civil War
  • On April 12, 1861, the first shots of the
    Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in South
    Carolina. A civil war is a war between groups
    within the same country. Tensions had been
    rising between people in Northern states and
    Southern states for many years. The main cause
    for this tension was the issue of slavery.

3
Slavery in Missouri
  • Slavery had existed in Missouri for many
    years. In 1820, Missouris enslaved population
    was just over 10,000. Most Missourians at that
    time had come from Southern states. Some had
    brought their slaves with them to work on their
    new farms.

4
Slavery in Missouri
  • Over the next 40 years, many people from
    Northern states and from other countries moved to
    Missouri. These people did not have slaves.
    Many of them did not approve of slavery.
    However, most did not speak out on the issue.
    This prevented conflict with Missouri
    slaveholders.

5
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska
    Act. This law created the territories of Kansas
    and Nebraska on Missouris western border.
    According to the Missouri Compromise, these lands
    were supposed to be free. The new act canceled
    the Missouri Compromise. People in the
    territories would vote on whether to allow
    slavery.

6
Border Wars
  • Many Missourians in the western part of the
    state owned slaves and did not want Kansas to
    become a free state. Some, called Border
    Ruffians, crossed into Kansas to vote illegally
    or to attack other groups. Fights broke out
    along the border.

7
The Nation Tears Apart
  • In 1861, 11 states left the United States to
    form a new country called the Confederate States
    of America. Missouri faced an important
    decision. Should it stay in the United States,
    or join the Confederacy? Although Missouri chose
    to stay, not all Missourians supported the
    decision. Some felt closer ties to the people of
    the South.

8
(No Transcript)
9
Conflict Leads to War
  • President Lincoln did not accept the states
    leaving the Union. War broke out between the
    United States and the Confederacy. There was
    much fighting on Missouri land. Only Virginia
    and Tennessee saw more fighting. The Battle of
    Wilsons Creek was the first major battle west of
    the Mississippi River.

10
Civil War Battles in Missouri
11
The End of the War
  • In January 1865, Missouri became the first
    former slave state to end slavery. Missouri took
    this important step before the federal
    government. A month later, Congress sent states
    the 13th Amendment for their approval. It was an
    addition to the United States Constitution. It
    ended slavery everywhere in the nation.

12
civil war
  • A war fought between groups within the same
    country.
  • Back to text
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