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Civil War Key Events

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Civil War Key Events Do Now Make a T chart for strengths and weaknesses of the North and South going into the Civil War North Strengths and Weakness Strengths ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Civil War Key Events


1
Civil War Key Events
2
Do Now
  • Make a T chart for strengths and weaknesses of
    the North and South going into the Civil War

3
North Strengths and Weakness
  • Strengths
  • Industrialized
  • Weapons
  • Infrastructure
  • Established Government
  • Diversified Economy
  • Weaknesses
  • Political Divergence
  • Different Views on slavery
  • Let the South leave
  • Fighting a war of Invasion

4
South Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Strengths
  • Military Officers
  • Defensive War
  • Well trained soldiers
  • Unified cause
  • Weaknesses
  • Lack of infrastructure
  • Had to establish a government
  • No foreign diplomatic relationships
  • Lack of industrialization
  • Weak economy

5
Southern Secession Dec. 1860-Feb.1861
  • S.C. first to secede
  • Then Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia,
    Louisiana, and Texas
  • Start of Confederate States of America
  • Jefferson Davis elected president of Confederacy

6
Armed Conflict Begins April-July 1861
  • Confederates seize Fort Sumter in Charleston S.C.
    from Union
  • Lincoln declares a state of insurrection
  • Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina
    secede
  • 1st Major Battle- 1st Battle of Bull Run or
    Manassas, VA

7
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8
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9
War of Attrition 1862
  • Feb-April- Grant wins victories in TN
  • March- Battle of Ironclads- Monitor (North) VS.
    Merrimack (South)
  • April-Aug.- Lee and Jackson (South) win battles
    in VA

10
Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg, MD Sept. 1862
  • Northern Victory
  • Heavy casualties- about 23,000 total
  • Lee retreats to VA, fails to gain MD
  • France and England stay out of War
  • Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
  • McClellan (North) relieved of position

11
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12
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13
Lincoln Preserves the Union?
  • Attempts to balance order and rights
  • Suspends Writ of Habeas Corpus 1861 until end of
    war
  • Issues Emancipation Proclamation 1862
  • Deals with poor military leadership until Grant
  • Numerous conflicts with Supreme Court Chief
    Justice Taney

14
The War Continues Jan-June 1863
  • Draws and victories for North and South
  • No Definitive Victories
  • South starting to lose some key officers
  • Lincoln still has not appointed Grant the
    commander

15
Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3 1863
  • Lee attempts to invade the North
  • Union forces Confederates to retreat
  • Turning Point- Beginning of the end for the
    Confederates
  • Meade forces Lee to retreat but fails to deliver
    knock out

16
War Continues July-Dec. 1863
  • Grant wins at Vicksburg
  • Draft Day Riots in NYC
  • Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address

17
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18
African American Soldiers
  • Paid less than white soldiers
  • Around 200,000 Africans served in Navy and Army
  • Participated in combat in 1863-1865
  • 54th Regiment of Massachusetts

19
Closing out the War 1864
  • Grant appointed head of the Union Forces
  • Series of Union Victories
  • Sherman captures Atlanta, GA and then marches to
    Savannah
  • Shermans March to the Sea scorched earth
    policy

20
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21
Final Events of the War 1865
  • Jan.- 13th Amendment outlaws slavery
  • April- Petersburg VA surrenders to Union
  • Confederates evacuate their capital in Richmond
  • Union takes Richmond, VA
  • Lee surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse
  • Lincoln is assassinated
  • Reconstruction begins

22
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