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THE CIVIL WAR

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THE CIVIL WAR The Road to War When Abraham Lincoln was on his way to be inaugurated as the nation s 16th President, he received the news that Jefferson Davis ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE CIVIL WAR


1
THE CIVIL WAR The Road to War
2
  • When Abraham Lincoln was on his way to be
    inaugurated as the nations 16th President, he
    received the news that Jefferson Davis had been
    chosen as the President of the Confederate States
    of America and that seven Southern States had
    left the Union in protest of his election.

3
Inaugural Address
  • Lincoln still thought that he could prevent the
    war...

?He pleaded to keep the Union. ?He promised that
Union forces would not be used to maintain the
Union. ?He promised the South that he would not
interfere with slavery in those states where it
already existed.
4
Lincoln ended his address with these words...
5
  • Within weeks of Lincolns speech, the South gave
    him their answer...
  • The South captured all but four federal garrisons
    (forts where troops are housed) in the South...

6
The only southern garrisons left under Union
control were
  • Fort Jefferson
  • Fort Pickens
  • Fort Taylor
  • Fort Sumter

7
Fort Sumter the Start of the War
  • At 430 a.m. on
  • April 12, 1861 Confederate forces opened fire on
    Fort Sumter in South Carolina. 36 hours later, a
    white flag waved over the fort.

8
The Civil War Had Begun...
  • 10,000 Battle Sites
  • 7 Future Presidents Would Fight
  • Slavery Was Abolished
  • 620,000 Americans Would Die

9
Lincoln Calls the Remaining Garrisons
  • When Lincoln heard of the fall of Fort Sumter
  • he called for volunteers (75,000) to put down the
    rebellion and protect Washington.

10
RESOURCES North (23 States) South (11 States)
Overall Population 22 Million 9 Million
Men of Combat Age 4 Million .8 Million
Military Forces Trained Army Navy None
Factories 100,000 with 1.1 Million Workers 20,000 with 100,000 Workers
Miles of Railroad Track 22,000 9,000
Railroad Equipment 96 of Nations Supply 4 of Nations Supply
11
RESOURCES Continued... North (23 States) South (11 States)
Banks/Funds 81 of Nations Deposits 19 of Nations Deposits
Gold 56 Million None
Farms 67 of Nations Total 33 of Nations Total
Agriculture/Grain 64 of Nations Supply 36 of Nations Supply
Number of Draft Animals (horses, mules, oxen) 4.6 Million 2.6 Million
12
War Strategies
  • Union/North
  • ?Blockade all Confederate ports with Ironclad
    (Armored Ships)
  • ?Anaconda Plan to capture the Mississippi River
    and split the Confederacy in half leaving Texas,
    Arkansas, and Louisiana stranded.
  • ?Capture the Confederate Capital of Richmond,
    Virginia.
  • ?Destroy Confederate armies on the battlefields.
  • ?Destroy the Souths land so that the Southern
    civilians would stop supporting the war.

Confederate/South ?Blockade Runners (Private
Ships that would slip around the blockade at
great speed). ?On land, they hoped to wear down
the Union. ?At sea, swift raiders (fast, lightly
armed ships) captured Union merchant ships. ?King
Cotton Diplomacy felt that Great Britain and
France needed the Souths cotton supply and hoped
they would aide the Confederacy side.
13
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14
Union Generals
  • Ulysses S. Grant

William T. Sherman
15
Confederate Generals
  • Stonewall Jackson

Robert E. Lee
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