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The Classics: Ancient Rome

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Title: The Classics: Ancient Rome


1
The Classics Ancient Rome
2
Italy (750 BCE) Early People
  • Rule by Etruscans (Asia Minor)
  • Greek influence
  • Monarchy
  • Tiber River
  • Romans drove out King (509 BCE)
  • Beginning of Roman state

3
The Roman Republic (509 B.C.E 27 B.C.E)
(officials chosen by the public)
  • Senate law-making body
  • Patricians landowners upper class
  • made laws, served for life
  • Plebeians majority farmers, merchants,
    artisans
  • Slaves lowest class of society, prisoners of
    war, plebeians enslaved for debt, no legal rights

During times of war, Senate may choose a
dictator to rule
4
The Roman Forum
5
Twelve Tables of Law (451 B.C.E)
  • Romes 1st written legal code
  • Laws were displayed in the forum

Why is this a major breakthrough?
6
Do Now What happened between 264 BCE 146 BCE?
264 BCE
146 BCE
7
Post-Punic Wars Roman Empire (146 BCE)
8
Punic Wars (264 BCE-146 BCE) Wars fought b/w Rome
empire of Carthage (Hannibal)
  • Effects of Roman Victory
  • Roman Empire expands Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica,
    Carthage
  • Why were they so victorious?
  • Highly trained and organized army Naval power
  • Assimilation of conquered
  • ex citizenship, taxes, army, retain customs
  • 2. Spread of Hellenistic culture (cultural
    diffusion)

9
  • Trade/Commerce increases
  • New wealth (land)
  • Creation of Latifundia (estates of land)
  • Worked by slaves (pows)
  • Small farmers cant produce goods as cheaply as
    latifundia
  • face debt, sell land
  • move to Rome, look for jobs
  • mob violence
  • Republic fails to stop violence!

10
  • 4. Civil War
  • Who should hold power?
  • Senate or leaders seeking reform?
  • Commanders had ideas for Rome!
  • Julius Caesar
  • victorious commander/conqueror
  • famous
  • forces Senate to make him dictator (48 BCE)

11
Roman Empire (44 BCE)
12
The Roman Empire (27 BCE-476)
  • Romes 1st Emperor (end of Republic)
  • Octavian Augustus
  • foundation for stable government
  • His rule began a period known as Pax Romana
    Roman Peace
  • Golden Age

13
Romes Early Road System
14
Roman Aqueducts
15
The Roman Coliseum
16
The Coliseum Interior
17
Task Based on your understanding of the Roman
Empire/Pax Romana complete the following task
  • Create a SKIT illustrating this time period in
    Roman history (27 B.C.E. 476)
  • Directions
  • Pretend that you are living in the Roman Empire.
  • Create a skit that focuses on 3 (min.)
    characteristics of the Roman Empire.
  • Skits must be realistic and historically accurate.

Be creative and have fun with the assignment!
18
Examining The Roman Empire For each group,
identify the characteristics of the Roman Empire
presented!
Group
Characteristics of the Roman Empire
1
2
3
4
19
Quick-Write What was life like under the Roman
Empire?
  • Based on your reading/notes and class
    performances!

20
Homework
  • Would you rather be ruled by a foreign power and
    live well or by your own people and live with
    less?
  • Explain and defend your position with your own
    examples examples from the reading.
  • Due Thursday

21
The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire
22
Do Now What was the religion of the early
Roman Empire?
23
What effects did Roman Rule have on the Jews
  • When the Romans capture Palestine (69 BCE) Jews
    excused from worshipping city gods
  • Jewish revolts (66)
  • Independent state!
  • Romans force Jews off their land Diaspora
    (scattering of the Jews)
  • Messiah would arrive one day to lead us Jews
    to freedom
  • Jesus preaches new beliefs (26), founder of
    Christianity proclaims to be the Messiah that
    the Jews were waiting for

24
The Rise of Christianity
25
The Spread of Christianity
26
Do Now Why did Christianity spread?
27
The Beatitudes
Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the
kingdom of heaven. Blessed are the meek for they
shall possess the land. Blessed are they who
mourn for they shall be comforted. Blessed are
they that hunger and thirst after justice for
they shall have their fill. Blessed are the
merciful for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed
are the clean of heart for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall be
called the children of God. Blessed are they that
suffer persecution for justice sake, for theirs
is the kingdom of heaven.
28
Love Your Enemies
  • A new command I give you Love one another. As I
    have loved you, so you must love one another
    (John 1334).
  • 2. But I tell you who hear me Love your enemies,
    do good to those who hate you, bless those who
    curse you, pray for those who mistreat you (Luke
    627-28).
  • 3. Bless those who persecute you bless and do
    not curse (Romans 1214).

29
The Neronian Persecution Fire in Rome (64)
  • There had been no attempt to dismiss the
    suspicion that the fire had been started at the
    Emperors command. Therefore, to quiet the
    rumor, Emperor Nero cast the blame and punished a
    people called Christians that were hated for
    their crimes. Christianity, this noxious
    superstition broke out in Rome, and those who
    confessed were convicted not because of arson but
    for hatred of the human race.

30
  • To their sufferings was added mockery, for they
    were sewn into the beasts and torn to pieces by
    dogs. Many died on the cross, or as the stake.
    Others, as day passed, were burned to illuminate
    the night. Nero gave his gardens for the
    spectacle and put on a circus, himself mingling
    with the crowd in the costume of a charioteer.

31
The blood of the martyr is the seed of the
Christian Church
  • 313 AD Edict of Milan (Emperor Constantine)
  • Freedom of worship toleration
  • Constantine moves capital of empire to
    Constantinople eastern portion of empire becomes
    the center of power!
  • 392 AD Christianity becomes the official
    religion of the Roman Empire

32
Diocletian Splits the Empire (294 CE)
33
Christians as Persecutors
  1. Heretics are ravening wolves and treacherous
    spirits which hide within the name of Christian
    and infest the flock of Christ.
  2. The Jews are no longer entitled to any
    privileges because they disowned Him, who had
    honored them and given them privileges and
    instead of showing Him reverence, they humiliated
    Him, by shamefully putting Him to death on the
    cross.
  3. Womans only purpose was to tempt man from
    following the true path of righteousness. Their
    seductive powers were so great that they could
    cause even angels to sin.

34
The Fall of Rome What would cause a powerful
empire to collapse?
35
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36
Barbarian Invasions 4c-5c
37
The Byzantine Empire The Surviving Eastern Roman
Empire
  • Capital Constantinople
  • Preservation of Greek/Roman culture
  • Influence spreads to Russia (religion)

38
The Byzantine Empire How they were different
from the Romans
  • Religion/Culture
  • Government/Law

Justinian Theodora
39
A Divide in Christianity Schism (1054)
40
Christian Differences
Roman Catholic
Eastern Orthodox
41
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