Braille Formats 2011 Spelling and Grammar Using Braille Formats CTEBVI Workshop 101 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Braille Formats 2011 Spelling and Grammar Using Braille Formats CTEBVI Workshop 101

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Braille Formats 2011 Spelling and Grammar Using Braille Formats CTEBVI Workshop 101 Presented by: Amanuensis Braille Presenter: Robert Roldan – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Braille Formats 2011 Spelling and Grammar Using Braille Formats CTEBVI Workshop 101


1
Braille Formats 2011 Spelling and Grammar Using
Braille Formats CTEBVI Workshop 101
  • Presented by Amanuensis Braille
  • Presenter Robert Roldan
  • rroldan_at_amanuensisbraille.com

2
Introduction
  • How to apply the Braille Formats Principals of
    Print-to-Braille Transcription, 2011.
  • What to do when what you see in print isnt
    covered in the Braille Formats guidelines?
  • Braille examples using the new formats guidelines.

3
When Do I Use Spelling Formats
  • 17.1.1     Spelling texts include a variety of
    teaching methods, e.g., emphasis of certain
    letters, omission of letters, scrambled letters,
    deliberate misspellings, etc., to reinforce the
    proper spelling of a word. This section applies
    only to these types of situations, in which the
    spelling or the formation of the word is the most
    important consideration.
  • Freestanding letter combinations and portions of
    words must be written in uncontracted braille and
    the contractions for to, into, and by must not
    precede them.
  • When a text refers to the spelling of a word,
    that word must be written in uncontracted
    braille.
  • If the text calls attention to a specific letter
    or a letter combination within a word by direct
    reference or by use of a special typeface or
    enclosure signs, that word must be written in
    uncontracted braille.
  • If an exercise tells you to place punctuation in
    the proper location of a word, that word must be
    written uncontracted to avoid giving away the
    answer.

4
(No Transcript)
5
Spelling Word List
  • Word lists, appearing typically at the beginning
    of chapters or lessons that are intended to teach
    how each word is spelled.
  • Font attributes used for entire spelling word
    lists are ignored.
  • Spelling words are listed vertically in 1-3.
  • The first writing of the spelling word or phrase
    is contracted.
  • Words and phrases with contractions are repeated
    in uncontracted braille.
  • Each contracted word is separated from its
    respelling by one blank space. When the spelling
    word is a phrase, the uncontracted respelling is
    preceded by two blank spaces.

6
Example
7
Spelling Word List with Partial Emphasis
  • Word lists may focus on certain aspects of
    spelling by use of partial emphasis.
  • Use italics for all forms of emphasis.
  • Each word is contracted, uncontracted, and
    uncontracted with partial emphasis.
  • The termination indicator (6, 3) is inserted to
    indicate the end of the italics in a
    partially-emphasized word.
  • One space separates each spelling of single
    words. Two spaces separate each spelling of
    phrases.
  • All words are listed vertically in 1-3.

8
Example
9
Omitted Word Parts or Letters
  • Use the double dash to represent omitted word
    parts.
  • Do not use contractions or letter signs for
    letters attached to the double dash.
  • Do not use the contraction for to, into, or by
    before word parts.
  • Substitute an equivalent number of unspaced dot
    3s when symbols (dots, asterisk, etc.) indicate a
    specific number of missing letters.
  • Add a transcribers note to explain the use of
    dot 3s.
  • Use hyphens when shown in print or the text
    indicates how many letters.

10
Examples
11
Example cont.
12
Intentional Marked or Unmarked Errors
  • When print calls attention to errors by means of
    a font attribute, e.g., underline, italics,
    color, highlighting, etc., the designated words
    are uncontracted, and the remainder of the
    passage is contracted.
  • Entire passages with unmarked intentional
    spelling errors are uncontracted.

13
Example
14
Example
15
Crossed Out Letters
  • Words with crossed-out letters are uncontracted.
  • Show the word as spelled, without indicating the
    crossed-out letters.
  • Repeat the word, and substitute a hyphen - (36)
    for each letter.
  • Explain the use of the hyphen in a transcriber's
    note.
  • Words with crossed out letters within a sentence.
  • Use same format but repeat the word enclosed in
    TN symbols
  • Explain the use of the hyphen and TN symbols in a
    TN.

16
Examples
17
Examples cont.
18
Emphasized Letters in Grammar
  • Font attributes are ignored in braille when all
    capital letters are emphasized in print. A
    transcriber's note is inserted to explain the
    emphasis.
  • When only isolated letters are capitalized and
    emphasized
  • Uncontract any words with emphasized
    letters contract all other words.
  • Use italics for emphasized letters.
  • End the italicized letter with the
    termination indicator (6, 3).
  • Place a hyphen after the termination indicator
    when a print hyphen follows an emphasized letter.
  • A transcriber's note is inserted with basic
    information about print capitalization.
  • Include the termination indicator on the Special
    Symbols page.

19
Example
20
Punctuation Marks
  • Omit punctuation marks identified in the text
    followed by there print mark.
  • Unidentified free standing punctuation marks with
    or without signs of enclosures or commas are
    preceded by a dot 4.
  • TN is added to explain the use of the dot four.
  • When all punctuation is emphasized in print add a
    TN to explain the emphasis and omit it from the
    punctuation marks.

21
Examples
22
Specific Punctuation Emphasized
  • When all instances of a specific punctuation are
    emphasized, omit the emphasis and explain it in a
    TN.
  • When isolated punctuation is emphasized, omit the
    emphasis and use an embedded TN immediately after
    the word to explain the emphasis.

23
Examples
24
Examples cont.
25
Linear Sentence Diagramming
  • Font attributes are used to distinguish parts of
    speech and are terminated by the termination
    sign.
  • Print symbols (i.e., slash or vertical bar) used
    to show different parts of a sentence are
    brailled using the appropriate symbols.
  • Words enclosed in shapes which are used to
    distinguish parts of speech are brailled using
    shape indicators and are terminated by the
    termination indicator.
  • Brailled in a 1/3 list format
  • Spaced as they appear in print

26
Examples
27
Spatial Sentence Diagramming
  • Spatial material is preceded and followed by a
    blank line.
  • Follow print for placement and direction of
    arrows placed above or below sentences.
  • Symbols start above or below the first letter of
    the word, or the number indicator of a number.
  • Keep words or phrases between which an arrow
    shows a relationship are on a single braille
    line.
  • Move part of the sentence to a new line to keep
    the relationship intact.
  • When they wont fit on one line. Explain the
    arrows relationship in a transcriber's note.

28
Example
29
Example cont.
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