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Issues and Prospects in ICT in Education in Continuing Teacher Professional Education

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Title: Issues and Prospects in ICT in Education in Continuing Teacher Professional Education


1
Issues and Prospects in ICT in Education in
Continuing Teacher Professional Education
  • Yvonne Garcia Flores
  • Intel Technology Philippines

2
Objectives of the Presentation
  • Share ground reality issues on implementing ICT
    in Education and link them to the ICT Framework
  • Discuss prospects on ICT in Education in
    Continuing Teacher Professional Development

3
Agenda
  • Impact Evaluation Results of Intel Teach to the
    Future
  • Prospects of ICT in Education in Continuing
    Teacher Professional Education

4
Intel Teach Impact Survey - Philippines
5
PROFILE OF RESPONDENTS
6
Respondents
  • 1,271 Intel trained teachers

Master Teachers Surveyed 745
Master Teachers - FGD Respondents 145
School-based Trainees Surveyed 259
School-based Trainees - FGD Respondents 122
No. of Schools Observed 8
7
Gender
  • Female 67.2
  • Male 31.3

8
Age
Age Percentage
30 to 34 27.7
35 to 39 21.5
40 to 44 17.0
45 to 49 8.5
50 to 54 4.2
55 and above 2.5
9
Educational Attainment
Educational Attainment Percentage
Some units leading to a masters degree 59.8
College 20.1
Masters degree 11.8
Some units leading to a doctoral degree 4.5
Doctoral degree 1.4
10
Years in Teaching
Years in Teaching Percentage
5 to 9 32.8
10 to 14 24.7
15 to 19 13.6
Less than 5 12.8
20 to 24 7.6
25 and above 5.8
11
  • Confidence in using technology (computer
    literacy)
  • Confidence in integrating technology

12
Use of Computers and Technology Integration Prior
to Training
13
Have you had access to a computer prior to
attending the training?
  • Yes 75.1
  • No 22.8

14
How often do you use a computer?
(for those who had access to a computer prior to
training)
Less than once a week 26.7
Everyday 22.0
Once or twice a week 21.2
3 to 4 times a week 18.2
5 to 6 times a week 10.3
15
How prepared do you think you were in integrating
technology into the grade or subject you were
teaching? (prior to the training)
Scale Percentage
Very Well 8.6
Well 23.7
Moderately 37.1
Somewhat 18.7
Not at All 7.8
16
What type of technology-integrated outputs have
you been using in your class? (prior to the
training)
Output Percentage
Information sheets, handouts, flyers prepared using word processing or desktop publishing software 46.1
Newsletter, brochures and other publications prepared using word processing or desktop publishing software 31.2
PowerPoint Presentations 23.6
None 22.6
Video 21.0
Spreadsheets 19.1
Audio 15.9
Web pages, web sites 2.7
17
How would you rate your competencies on the
following prior to the training?
  • Scale used
  • 5 Excellent (can confidently demonstrate the
    skill)
  • 4 Very Good (can demonstrate the skill)
  • 3 Good (can demonstrate the skill but with a
    little
  • difficulty)
  • 2 Fair (can demonstrate some aspects of the
    skill)
  • 1 Poor (cannot demonstrate the skill)

18
How would you rate your competencies on the
following prior to the training?
Skill Excellent Very Good Good Fair Poor
Basic computer skills 13.3 20.4 23.9 21.3 19.5
Word processing 11.7 19.8 24.8 20.1 21.8
Presentation 5.3 12.3 18.7 22.4 39.8
Spreadsheet 6.4 12.6 20.3 22.8 36.1
Desktop Publishing 2.6 6.4 15.1 21.5 50.0
Web development 1.2 3.4 12.8 22.2 55.3
Web browsing 2.9 6.5 15.1 20.6 48.7
19
Application of Skills Learned From the Training
20
  • 1. THE UNIT PLAN

A unit plan is a teachers lesson plan for a
particular topic where technology will be used.
The unit plan includes a unit overview, learning
goals for students, instructional procedures,
materials and resources required and assessments
to be used for students outputs.
21
Have you implemented the unit plan which you
created during the training?
Yes, all of it 16.6
Yes, but just parts of it 52.7
No 25.3
22
Please indicate the reasons why you did not
implement or implemented just part of your unit
plan.
Reason Percentage
Computers were not connected to the Internet . 54.6
Necessary computers were not available. 22.6
I did not have enough planning time. 19.8
The technology-integrated lesson plan was too difficult to implement. 18.2
Necessary software was not available. 14.5
I did not have adequate technical/instructional support. 12.4
23
Please indicate the reasons why you did not
implement or implemented just part of your unit
plan. (continued)
Reason Percentage
My teaching assignment changed. 9.6
I did not feel confident in my computer skills. 8.8
I did not have adequate administrative support. 7.7
I plan to use the lesson before the end of the school year. 6.0
It did not fit well into my curriculum. 5.0
I did not consider implementing. 4.8
I was not satisfied with the lesson I created. 4.7
It would not help me meet student learning standards I need to meet. 1.8
24
If you did implement, how satisfied were you with
the experience?
Very Satisfied 16.4
Satisfied 40.7
Neutral 11.8
Dissatisfied 2.7
Very Dissatisfied 0.1
25
  • 2. TEACHERS PERCEPTION ABOUT THEMSELVES

26
To what extent has your competence increased
because of the training?
Scale Percentage
Totally 8.5
Greatly 49.7
Moderately 29.6
A little 9.4
Not at All 0.3
27
How prepared do you think you are in integrating
technology into the grade or subject you are
teaching? (after the training)
Scale Percentage
Very Well 16.8
Well 36.7
Moderately 27.8
Somewhat 12.8
Not at All 2.2
28
Comparison on how prepared teachers think they
are in integrating technology into the grade or
subject taught BEFORE and AFTER the training
29
How would you rate your competencies on the
following after the training?
Skill Excellent Very Good Good Fair Poor
Basic computer skills 43.3 32.5 14.0 4.7 0.1
Word processing 43.2 28.8 16.3 6.7 0.3
Presentation 31.0 33.6 21.1 9.5 1.0
Spreadsheet 25.7 36.5 20.4 11.6 1.4
Desktop Publishing 12.6 27.7 28.8 16.0 7.5
Web development 6.3 21.3 29.1 23.3 11.3
Web browsing 13.2 25.5 24.2 17.6 9.2
30
Comparison on percentage of teachers who perceive
their computer skills as Excellent
31
Comparison on percentage of teachers who perceive
their computer skills as Poor
32
  • 3. CLASSROOM IMPLEMENTATION

33
How many students are in your class?
Number Percentage
20 and below 2.8
21 to 40 9.8
41 to 60 50.4
61 to 80 17.0
81 to 100 3.9
101 and above 3.0
34
What year level is this class?
Year Level Percentage
First Year 12.5
Second Year 13.9
Third Year 22.3
Fourth Year 40.9
35
In your school, do you have access to a computer
lab?
Yes 81.2
No 11.5
36
How often do you bring your students to the
computer lab?
Frequency Percentage
Daily 19.5
Weekly 31.9
Monthly 10.9
Less than once a month 19.5
Never 15.5
37
Is there Internet access in the computer lab?
Yes 13.7
No 84.8
38
In your opinion, is the Internet access reliable
and fast enough for students to use productively?
(for those with Internet access in the computer
lab)
Yes 77.7
No 15.2
39
What kind of (technology) outputs have you
prepared?
Output Percentage
PowerPoint Presentations 65.9
Information sheets, handouts, flyers prepared using word processing and desktop publishing software 48.7
Spreadsheets 38.3
Newsletter, brochures and other publications prepared using word processing and desktop publishing software 32.6
Video 12.6
Audio 10.3
Web pages, web sites 4.1
40
Comparison on production of technology-related
outputs for classroom instruction BEFORE and
AFTER the training
41
  • 4. IMPACT TO TEACHERS AND STUDENTS

42
Has there been a change in how frequently you do
the following in your classroom?
Teaching Practices Do this less No Change Do this more Not Appli-cable
a. Have students review/revise their own work 17.4 12.9 53.9 9.0
b. Access CD ROMs to aid in developing lessons and activities 22.1 12.6 39.3 19.9
c. Access the Internet to aid in developing lessons or activities 9.3 6.1 15.8 64.0
d. Use a computer for administrative work 17.7 6.4 61.0 9.9
e. Present information to students using multimedia 17.9 9.3 54.4 12.6
43
Has there been a change in how frequently you do
the following in your classroom?
Teaching Practices Do this less No Change Do this more Not Appli-cable
f. Have students give presentations to class 20.9 11.4 45.9 16.4
g. Have students work with a computer teacher to learn technology skills 16.2 6.7 62.8 8.7
h. Have students engage in independent research using the Internet 9.4 6.5 25.0 54.1
i. Have students work on group projects 16.3 7.7 63.8 7.5
j. Have students work on group projects that take a week or more to complete 27.9 11.9 44.7 9.2
44
Has there been a change in how frequently you do
the following in your classroom?
Teaching Practices Do this less No Change Do this more Not Appli-cable
k. Have students choose their own topics for research projects 23.9 11.7 48.1 10.8
l. Allow students to decide what materials or resources to use to complete their work 15.0 8.8 63.3 6.7
m. Use rubrics to evaluate student work 21.3 9.2 45.5 15.1
n. Use a textbook as a primary guide to instruction 20.9 10.3 57.3 5.2
o. Use essential questions to structure lessons 11.7 8.8 67.2 5.0
45
Has there been a change in how frequently you do
the following in your classroom?
Teaching Practices Do this less No Change Do this more Not Appli-cable
p. Use a computer to conduct own research 15.2 8.3 60.9 8.6
q. Have students work with a computer to do lessons or activities during my class time 21.5 9.0 45.9 16.9
r. Ask students to work on a computer in non-school settings (such as home, library or Internet café) 21.6 7.1 41.2 23.4
46
How did your students respond to the technology
integration?
Students Response Strongly agree Agree Total
a. Students helped one another with the technology. 24.5 60.6 85.1
b. Students are better at working collaboratively with peers. 23.1 61.8 84.9
c. Students gave positive feedback. 21.0 61.1 82.1
d. Students work was more creative than prior, comparable assignments. 24.5 55.1 79.6
e. Students use more resources in their research. 17.9 59.6 77.5
f. Students showed more in-depth understanding of content 19.5 57.9 77.4
47
How did your students respond to the technology
integration?
Students Response Strongly agree Agree Total
g. Students work harder at their assignments. 17.2 60.0 77.2
h. Students were able to communicate ideas and opinions with greater confidence. 14.1 62.6 76.7
i. Students with varying levels of technology skills performed well on the lesson. 16.6 59.5 76.1
j. Students with different learning styles were addressed well by the unit. 15.7 57.4 73.1
48
How did your students respond to the technology
integration?
Students Response Strongly agree Agree Total
k. Student expertise is more equally distributed less concentrated among a few high ability students. 13.0 58.0 71.0
l.Students research and interpret complex information more thoughtfully. 10.2 59.6 69.8
m. Students work more on their own without direct supervision from the teacher. 14.0 52.3 66.3
n. Students were more motivated and actively involved in the lesson. 5.8 42.5 48.3
49
  • 5. CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED

50
What challenges have you encountered in
implementing what you learned from the program?
Challenges Strongly agree Agree Total
a. Students do not have adequate computer skills. 22.8 42.5 65.3
b. It was difficult to schedule adequate time in computer labs. 23.2 40.9 64.1
c. There was not enough time to complete the unit plans. 13.0 47.7 60.7
d. Lack of technical/instructional support 11.8 33.4 45.2
e. There were not enough computers available. 13.6 29.3 42.9
f. large-size classes were difficult to manage in computer labs with only 20 computers or less 9.7 29.0 38.7
51
What challenges have you encountered in
implementing what you learned from the training?
Challenges Strongly agree Agree Total
g. I did not have enough computer skills to implement effectively. 6.3 23.9 30.2
h. Lack of administrative support 7.1 20.1 27.2
i. The software was not available. 4.4 20.9 25.3
j. The hardware/software did not perform as expected or were incompatible. 3.2 18.8 22.0
52
Photos from school visits conducted
53
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57
  • RECOMMENDATIONS

58
Key Messages
  • Issues
  • Teacher Competencies to maximize the use of ICT
    in Education
  • ICT Enabled environment Infrastructure
  • Policies and Standards
  • Prospects
  • ICT in the public high schools in the next 5
    years
  • Standards and policies to be developed in 2005
  • Ownership of the community and schools on ICT in
    Education
  • Teacher Accomplishments Amy Buan, PIL Teachers,
    Caravan Best Practices
  • Call to Action
  • Communitys role in making this dream a reality
  • Each of us have a role! We need to plan and
    implement
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