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Whatever Happened to Manners?

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Whatever Happened to Manners Background information Text analysis Part one ( para 1) Part two ( para 2-4) Part three ( para 5-10) Part four ( para 11) After-class ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Whatever Happened to Manners?


1
Whatever Happened to Manners?
2
  • Background information
  • Text analysis
  • Part one ( para 1)
  • Part two ( para 2-4)
  • Part three ( para 5-10)
  • Part four ( para 11)
  • After-class reading

3
Manner Manners
  • Manner formal, the way in which something is
    done or happens
  • manner of (doing) something
  • It seemed rather an odd manner of deciding
    things.
  • He felt some guilt over the manner of her death.

4
  • Manners plural polite ways of behaving in
    social situations
  • have good/bad manners it's good/bad manners to do
    something
  • perfect/impeccable manners table manners (the
    polite way of eating at a table)
  • mind your manners (used to tell someone to
    behave politely)
  • somebody has no manners (someone often behaves
    in a way that is not polite)
  • remember forget / your manners
  • where are your manners?

5
Good manners
  • speak gently in public, say thank you when
    others do you a favor, say excuse me when you
    bother others,
  • table manners eat softly, quietly
  • Help the weak, the poor, the old, the disabled,
    do not laugh at others, being punctual

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9
Class manners
10
Class manners
11
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13
Table manners
14
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15
Q A
  • 1. Q. Is it considered rude to take a sip of your
    drink while still chewing?
  • Answer
  • It is considered good manners to wait until you
    have finished chewing and have swallowed your
    food before taking a sip of your beverage.

16
  • 2. QIs it proper for a woman to apply lipstick
    at the table after a meal?
  • Answer
  • It is appropriate for a woman to excuse herself
    and apply lipstick in a private area such as a
    restroom.

17
  • 3. Q. Should you dismiss yourself from the table
    if you need to sneeze or blow your nose?
  • Answer
  • Yes, excuse yourself from the table, and at no
    time should you use your napkin as a
    handkerchief.

18
  • 4. Q. Who pays the bill when dining out?
  • Answer
  • When entertaining a guest, such as when out for
    dinner or cocktails, the person who extended the
    invitation (regardless of gender) is responsible
    for paying the bill.

19
  • 5. Q When you have some food in your mouth that
    you dont want to swallow, what should you do?
  • Answer
  • Move the food forward with your tongue onto the
    fork and place it back on the side of your plate.

20
Bad manners
  • stare at others, never use polite words, bad
    table manners, do not respect others and their
    behavior, talk loudly in public, spit, litter
    everywhere, spy on others privacy

21
Bad manners?
22
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23
In Shanghai
24
In Disney
25
On Campus
26
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29
Picking nose in public
30
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32
Writing style
  • Narration ( )
  • Description ( )
  • Exposition ( )
  • Argumentation ( )
  • This essay is a piece of argumentation on the
    necessity and significance of good manners.

33
  • 1. Whats the typical feature of an
    argumentation?
  • 2. How to organize an argumentation?
  • In the beginning part the writer puts forward his
    viewpoint.
  • Then he illustrates his viewpoint with specific
    examples he witnesses in New York.

34
  • In the last paragraph, the writer concludes that
    good manners are infectious and indicates his
    sincere wish.
  • The text is featured by the ingenuous use of a
    variety of sentences as well as of proper words
    and phrases.
  • Writing technique metaphorical expressions
    (metaphor, simile, rhetorical question)

35
Structural Analysis
  • Part 1(Para 1) Beginning
  • Part 2(Para 2-4) One cannot be truly stylish
    without good manners.
  • Part 3(Para 5-10) The writer states and expounds
    the great power of some typical good manners.
  • Part 4(Para 11) Conclusion

36
Part 1
  • 1. Which sentences in Part 1 imply that in a
    general sense, people in the present age are less
    friendly than people in the past?
  • The first two sentences of the first para.
  • 2. What impolite examples of New York people are
    showed?

37
Get away
  • 1) succeed in leaving
  • The meeting dragged on, and I didn't get away
    until seven.
  • 2) escape, esp. from the scene of a crime
  • We knew it wouldn't be easy to get away from
    the police.
  • get away with murder informal to not be punished
    for doing something wrong
  • Some of those children get away with murder!

38
  • ???,????,???????????
  • Im sorry Im late I was at a meeting and
    couldnt get away.

39
Elevator ( AmE)
40
Lift ( Br E)
41
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escalator
43
wave
44
appreciation
  • pleasure you feel when you realize something is
    good, useful, or well done
  • a feeling of being grateful for something someone
    has done
  • an understanding of the importance or meaning of
    something
  • a realistic appreciation of the situation

45
  • ?????,??????????????????,????????????
  • At the concert whenever a singer finished singing
    a beautiful song, the audience would burst into
    loud cheers to show their appreciation.

46
pull out
  • to drive onto a road from another road or from
    where you have stopped
  • Don't pull out! There's something coming.
  • to drive over to a different part of the road in
    order to get past a vehicle in front of you
  • I pulled out to overtake a bus.
  • if a train pulls out, it leaves a station ? pull
    in

47
Part 2( paragraph2-4)
  • In these three para. The writer puts forward and
    bears out the following viewpoint you cannot be
    truly stylish without good manners good manners
    are a sort of hidden beauty secret and adds
    pricelessly to your image.
  • According to the author, how do good manners
    build your image?

48
  • No matter how nicely you dress, how beautiful you
    decorate your homes, or how lovely your dinner
    parties are, you cant be truly stylish without
    good manners.
  • How do you understand that we cant be truly
    without good manners?

49
  • If we do not show good manners, we cannot be said
    to be really stylish even though we wear the most
    stylish clothes, or decorate our homes most
    stylishly.

50
Nice dress
51
Beautiful decoration
52
Lovely dinner party
53
stylish
  • ?????????,?????????,?????????
  • As a stylish dresser, she is always wearing
    stylish clothes, but she seldom cares about what
    she eats or drinks.
  • stylish in manner/ an elegantly stylish suit
  • A fashion stylist/a first-rate hair stylist/a
    polished stylist (designer)

54
Matter/hidden beauty
  • But something like a simple Thank you can count
    a great deal.
  • I regard good manners as a kind of concealed
    magic method or formula which makes you beautiful.

55
Cary Grant ( 1904-1986)
56
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57
  • British-born US film star, renowned for his
    performance as the handsome, suave ( gracious,
    smooth), and slightly bemused (confused)
    man-about-town in a host of film.
  • A big star for decades, he seemed to get better
    with age. Notorious/ To Catch a Thief

58
Notorious ( Ingrid Bergman)
59
To catch a thief
60
Lauren Becall ( 1924-)
  • US film actress noted for her husky( hoarse)
    voice and smoldering ( burning) screen presence.
    Taking dancing for 13 yrs, then model, marriage
    with Bogart for 12 yrs in Hollywood, Broadway for
    Tony award, Murder on the Orient Express, on
    stage and in TV with great success.

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With Bogart
64
To have or not to have
65
Best selling autobiography
66
right
  • Immediately, at once
  • They are going to close the Music Hall after
    Easter.
  • In a straight line, directly
  • After breakfast the children went right to
    school.
  • Exactly, just
  • The accident happened right to school.

67
gracious
  • behaving in a polite, kind, and generous way,
    especially to people of a lower rank
  • She was gracious enough to accept his
    encouragement.
  • It was gracious of you to bear us in mind.
  • Be gracious to/towards everyone you meet.
  • ????,???,???,???

68
  • gracious (me)!/good gracious!/goodness gracious!
    old-fashioned used to express surprise or to
    emphasize 'yes' or 'no
  • having the kind of expensive style, comfort, and
    beauty that only rich people can afford
  • a gracious manor house(??)
  • a magazine about gracious living

69
graceful
  • moving in a smooth and attractive way, or having
    an attractive shape or form
  • Her movements were graceful and elegant.
  • The branches formed a graceful curve.
  • behaving in a polite and pleasant way
  • Her father was a quiet man with graceful manners.

70
graceful
  • ???,?????
  • She is graceful in manner/ speech.
  • The bride was as graceful as a swam when she
    walked down the aisle with the bridgroom.

71
panache
  • A stylish manner to do things that causes
    admiration and seems to be without any difficulty
  • With great panache he pulled the tablecloth off
    the table without disturbing any of the plates
    and glasses.
  • They played and sang with great panache.

72
Part 3( para 5-10)
  • The writer states and expounds the great power of
    some typical good manners he proposes upon those
    on the receiving end. Also, he reasonably
    explains and vividly illustrates the good effects
    polite manners have on our family members.

73
  • Para 5 to exemplify Thank you
  • Para 6 advice a delayed note is better than
    nothing
  • Para 7 to illustrate the power of excuse me
  • Para 8 be helpful, be punctual
  • Para 9-10 good manners with family members

74
  • What good manners does the writer suggest that we
    should display?
  • Do you agree with the writer that good manners
    with our families count the most? Justify your
    reply.

75
  • Good manners count the most among the family
    members because those are the people we love the
    most and cherish the most. We all want our family
    members to feel nice and comfortable. We all tend
    to show our affectionate concern for our dear
    ones. That is natural. And naturally, good
    manners matter the most among family members.

76
do wonders for
  • Work wonders for
  • Create wonders for
  • Be quite successful in
  • The medicine will do wonders for your depression.
  • ????????????????????
  • the doctors have done wonders for your hear
    disease.

77
host
  • Mr Brown was our host at the party.
  • ?????????????
  • "The host team and the guest team won each of the
    games, so they were even with each other."
  • "?????????,??????????
  • a host country/city ???

78
recipe
  • a set of instructions for cooking a particular
    type of food
  • recipe for a recipe for tomato soup
  • a recipe book
  • be a recipe for something to be likely to cause
    a particular result, often a bad one
  • She said that five small boys on skis was a
    recipe for disaster, not a holiday.

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81
compliment
  • a remark that shows you admire someone or
    something, express your praise.
  • Please accept these tickets with our compliments.
  • to say something nice to someone in order to
    praise them
  • compliment somebody on something
  • Bob complimented me on my new hairstyle.
  • The groom was so nervous he forgot to compliment
    the bridesmaids.

82
  • ?????????????????????
  • When awarding the prize, the chairman
    complimented the winner on his great contribution
    to mankind.

83
terrific
  • very good, especially in a way that makes you
    feel happy and excited great
  • That's a terrific idea!
  • very good excellent, fantastic, wonderful,
    great, terrific, neat(AmE) superb, amazing,
    outstanding, brilliant, impressive, fine,
    first-class, out of this world
  • of good quality high quality, top quality,
    superior, deluxe, classy
  • morally good decent, virtuous, respectable,
    honourable/honorable, upright, beyond reproach

84
  • It was a delightful or pleasant gesture that
    makes me feel very good and put me in an ecstatic
    state of mind./ It was something very nice that
    delight me immensely and made me feel wonderful.
  • Mood the state of feelings or mind at a
    particular time

85
  • He's in one of his moods. ??????
  • a man of moods ??????
  • be in a mood ?????, ???
  • be in no mood for sth.to do sth.
  • ?????, ?????
  • be in the a mood for sth. to do sth.
  • ???? ???????
  • be in a melting mood ????, ????
  • be in the melting mood ?????, ????

86
I bet./You bet.
  • used to say that you are fairly sure that
    something is true, something is happening etc,
    although you cannot prove this
  • I bet you she won't come.
  • used to show that you do not believe what someone
    has just told you
  • 'I'm definitely going to give up smoking this
    time.' 'Yeah, I bet!
  • you bet! Spoken used to emphasize that you agree
    with someone or are keen to do what they suggest
  • 'Going to the party on Saturday?' ' You bet!'

87
A carry-on bag( for passenger)
88
barrel
  • a large curved container with a flat top and
    bottom, made of wood or metal, and used for
    storing beer, wine etc

89
Barrel (verb)
  • American English informal
  • to move very fast, especially in an uncontrolled
    way
  • A vehicle barreled out of a shopping center and
    crashed into the side of my car.

90
aisle
91
aisle
92
genuine
  • someone who is genuine is honest and friendly and
    you feel you can trust them
  • the genuine article something that is real and
    is not a copy intended to deceive people
  • a genuine feeling, desire etc is one that you
    really feel, not one you pretend to feel
    sincere

93
Melt away
  • Cause something to disappear by melting or
    dissolving
  • The sun has melt the snow away.
  • All his support melted away when we really needed
    it.
  • His anger has melted away in a second.
  • ?????,??????????
  • The crowd of demonstrators melted away when the
    police arrived.

94
irritation
  • the feeling of being annoyed about something,
    especially something that happens repeatedly or
    for a long time
  • The heavy traffic is a constant source of
    irritation. irritation at/with
  • something that makes you annoyed
  • The children are just an irritation for him when
    he's trying to work.
  • a throat irritation

95
Rhetorical question
  • It need not to be answered and in a falling tone.
    A negative rhetorical question is close in
    meaning to but more powerful in tone than a
    positive statement. This means it does indeed
    melt away most---if not all, of the irritation
    you felt. After you hear the genuine apologize,
    your irritation will naturally disappear.

96
bellman
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  • a wee bit (infml.) a little bit rather
  • He is not feeling a wee bit drunk, though he has
    been drinking quite a lot of alcohol.
  • Wee very small - used especially in Scottish
    English My wee boy is three.
  • the wee (small) hours American English the early
    hours of the morning, just after 12 o'clock at
    night

99
punctuality
  • punctual adj. ??????
  • She is always punctual, but her friend is always
    late.
  • punctual for the class ?????
  • punctual in answering letter ????
  • Punctuality n. ????, ??

100
  • ?????????,????shi?????,??????????
  • Since punctuality is a good habit, we should pay
    much attention to it and make great efforts to
    cultivate this good habit.

101
count
  • vt., vi.1) ????
  • to count from 1 to 100
  • 2)???????
  • Count these apples.
  • 3) ??????
  • count it an honor (to do sth.) (????)????
  • 4)???????
  • Every second counts. ?????????

102
cherish
  • ???? ????(?? )
  • He cherished the memory of his departed youth.(?)
  • ????????????????
  • cherish fond dreams of
  • ?...???
  • cherish a deep love for ??

103
routine
  • the usual order in which you do things, or the
    things you regularly do
  • John's departure had upset their daily routine.
  • my daily exercise routine
  • Dressing is a task which we do every day as a
    matter of routine (done regularly and not
    unusual).
  • a set of movements, jokes etc that form part of a
    performance
  • A dance routine

104
  • Take the person for granted be so familiar with
    the other person ( your spouse) that you no
    longer appreciate his or her full value treat
    the other person with little attention or
    concern not recognize his or her value.
  • We must not take our family members for granted.

105
Part 4
  • This is the concluding paragraph in which the
    writer advances his opinion that good manners are
    infectious and expresses his sincere wish that
    everyone would be polite and show good manners.

106
  • 1. Do you believe that good manners are
    infectious? Exemplify your answer.
  • If parents have good manners, their children will
    follow suit and behave politely.
  • 2. Is it possible for anyone and everyone to show
    good manners?
  • It takes time and calls for much education.

107
infectious
  • an infectious illness can be passed from one
    person to another, especially through the air you
    breathe
  • infectious diseases/Flu is highly infectious.
  • infectious feelings or laughter spread quickly
    from one person to another
  • an infectious smile/ infectious enthusiasm

108
  • Good manners are easy to catch./ Good manners can
    easily be passed from one person to another./
    Good manners have favorable, impressive and very
    good influence on people.
  • Now, how wonderful it would be if we were able to
    have everyone behave politely towards another.

109
Shudder shake( unit one)
  • Shudderto shake for a short time because you are
    afraid or cold, or because you think something is
    very unpleasant
  • Shudder at/with sth./ to do sth.
  • But if a vehicle or machine shudders, it shakes
    violently.

110
  • Shake to move suddenly from side to side or up
    and down, usually with a lot of force, or to make
    something or someone do this
  • She shook him to wake him up.
  • shake rattle wobble vibrate shudder
    judder jolt

111
  • Rattle to shake and repeatedly hit against sth.
    making continuous noise.
  • Wobble it moves from side to side because it is
    not steady and or not well balanced.
  • Vibrate to shake continuously with very small,
    very fast movements, eg. the effect of big noise
  • Jolt move up and down with sudden large
    movements, eg. machine is not working well.

112
Compliment praise
  • Compliment a remark that shows you admire
    someone or something v, n, say good things about
  • Praise to say that you admire and approve of
    someone or something, especially publicly ?
    criticize
  • to praise someone a lot rave about, gush, sing
    somebody's praises, speak highly of
  • to praise someone in an insincere way flatter,
    butter up

113
  • Commendation (formal) an official statement
    praising someone, especially someone who has been
    brave or very successful
  • Flatterypraise that you do not really mean
  • flattery will get you nowhere/everywhere used
    humorously when someone has praised you and you
    want to say that you will help them or not help
    them

114
  • Precioussomething that is precious is valuable
    and important and should not be wasted or used
    without care precious stone
  • Pricelessworth so much money, it is impossible
    to calculate the price, esp old and rare things,
    house/painting

115
  • Notice if you notice something or someone, you
    realize that they exist, especially because you
    can see, hear, or feel them
  • See means to notice something with your eyes,
    either deliberately or accidentally
  • Watch means to deliberately pay attention to
    something for quite a long time( moving)
  • When you look at something, you deliberately turn
    your eyes towards it in order to see it.

116
  • Other the second of two used to refer to the
    second of two people or things, which is not the
    one you already have or the one you have already
    mentioned
  • some ... others
  • When other is used before a noun, it never has an
    's' We visited other places (NOT others places).
  • Another one more person or thing of the same type

117
Thank you!
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